You are looking at 1-20 of 46 entries  for:

  • All: Part 20 claim x
  • Literary reference works x
clear all

View:

Overview

Part 20 claim

Subject: Law

A claim other than a claim by the claimant against the defendant. It includes (1) a counterclaim by the defendant against the claimant; (2) a counterclaim by the defendant against a third ...

GLAUBE

GLAUBE (GERMAN)   Reference library

Philippe Büttgen

Dictionary of Untranslatables: A Philosophical Lexicon

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Philosophy, Literature, Literary reference works
Length:
1,540 words

...In Critique of Pure Reason , edited by Paul Guyer and A. Wood , 106–24. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997. Luther, Martin . D. Martin Luthers Werke, Weimar 1883–1929 (Weimarer Ausgabe—WA). Online at http://www.lutherdansk.dk/WA/D.%20Martin%20Luthers%20Werke,%20Weimarer%20Ausgabe%20-%20WA.htm . Luther, Martin . Luther’s Works . Edited by Helmut T. Lehmann and Jaroslav Pelikan . 55 vols. St. Louis, MO: Concordia, 1955. Luther, Martin . Werke : Kritische Gesamtausgabe . Weimar: Böhlar, 1883–. Tavoillot, Pierre-Henri . Le Crépuscule...

ES

ES   Reference library

Alexandre Abensour

Dictionary of Untranslatables: A Philosophical Lexicon

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Philosophy, Literature, Literary reference works
Length:
3,513 words

...ça , Freud claims to be borrowing the term, in its nominalized form, from Groddeck, and further back, from Nietzsche: I propose to take it into account, by proposing to call das Ich that which comes from the system of perception and which is at first preconscious , and to call the other psychic element, into which the Ich extends and which behaves like the unconscious , the Es , following Groddeck’s usage. Freud clarifies in a note: “Groddeck probably followed Nietzsche, who frequently uses this grammatical expression to refer to that part of our being...

VIRTÙ

VIRTÙ (ITALIAN)   Reference library

Alessandro Fontana

Dictionary of Untranslatables: A Philosophical Lexicon

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Philosophy, Literature, Literary reference works
Length:
6,166 words

...in power. (Spinoza, The Ethics , pt. 4, prop. 20, proof 20:1; trans. Elwes, 203) According to Friedrich Nietzsche , it is with Socrates that aretê is written into a moral framework and into a system of “values” in the Heideggerian sense of the term. It is no longer the manifestation of an originary power, but is the evaluation of merit as a function of values (knowledge, rectitude, conviction) that are necessarily outside of it. Nietzsche’s conception of values is the same as that which Callicles claims in Plato’s Gorgias and which Socrates is quick to...

DICTUM

DICTUM (LATIN)   Reference library

Alain de Libera and Irène Rosier-Catach

Dictionary of Untranslatables: A Philosophical Lexicon

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Philosophy, Literature, Literary reference works
Length:
3,909 words

...does not take account of all aspects of the theory, however. Gregory of Rimini affirms, as Abelard sometimes does, that the significabile complexe is “nothing”—that it does not exist. This claim suggests that the “signifiable by complex” cannot be something in the world that would make true a truth of any sort (contingent or necessary). But the claim can only be fully understood by noting that Gregory’s goal is not, contrary to what is often said, to build a nominalist theory of the proposition (or, a fortiori, a “realist” one), but only to...

WORD

WORD   Reference library

Marc Baratin, Barbara Cassin, Irène Rosier-Catach, Frédérique Ildefonse, Jean Lallot, and Jacqueline Léon

Dictionary of Untranslatables: A Philosophical Lexicon

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Philosophy, Literature, Literary reference works
Length:
14,590 words
Illustration(s):
1

...the former use, for tasting, being indispensable, and therefore more widely found, while expression of thought is a means to well-being; Aristotle, De anima , 420b 16–20). Locutio , according to an anonymous commentator, is what allows man to “express what is within him by means of his speech [ sermo ]” ( Lectura in librum “De anima” ). He then posits an equivalence, glossing the second part of the sentence, between interpretatio , sermo , and loquutio ( sic ), to which he attributes this same definition. This distinction exists, however, in Greek, ...

BERUF

BERUF (SPANISH)   Reference library

Philippe Büttgen

Dictionary of Untranslatables: A Philosophical Lexicon

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Philosophy, Literature, Literary reference works
Length:
3,989 words

...of a passage in Sirach (Ecclesiasticus), 11:20–21, which recommends: 20 Stand by your task, and attend to it, and grow old in your work. 21 Do not wonder at the works of a sinner, but trust in the Lord and keep at your toil; for it is easy in the sight of the Lord to enrich a poor man quickly and suddenly. The stakes involved in translation seem to multiply infinitely when we consider that the text of Sirach translated by Luther was composed in Hebrew, but transmitted in Greek (the book is, moreover, not part of the Jewish canon). The original Hebrew text...

gender

gender   Reference library

Monique David-Ménard and Penelope Deutscher

Dictionary of Untranslatables: A Philosophical Lexicon

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Philosophy, Literature, Literary reference works
Length:
5,584 words

... (sexual identity) may have been an effort to move away from species discourse, or perhaps it was a way of responding to those emerging queer arguments that claimed that binary sex was understood to serve the purposes of reproducing compulsory heterosexuality (Rubin, Butler). The problem with that choice, however, was that it confused gender with sexual orientation or disposition. And part of the analytic work of understanding gender apart from biological causality and functionalism was precisely to hold open for the possibility that gender appearance...

VORHANDEN

VORHANDEN (GERMAN)   Reference library

Jean-François Courtine

Dictionary of Untranslatables: A Philosophical Lexicon

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Philosophy, Literature, Literary reference works
Length:
7,886 words

...wherever there is work to be done, where the tool is to be put to work. In 1925 (Heidegger, Gesamtausgabe , 20: 263) he introduces Zuhandenheit ( Zuhandensein ), as opposed to Vorhandenheit , to characterize the mode of being of instruments or tools, as distinct from the being of natural entities. The question (as will still be the case in Sein und Zeit , §15) is of being as it is initially encountered, as it first presents itself. In volume 20 ( Prolegomena ), the analysis clearly starts from the Werkwelt , the world of works and working (cf. also ...

SUBJECT

SUBJECT   Reference library

Étienne Balibar, Barbara Cassin, and Alain de Libera

Dictionary of Untranslatables: A Philosophical Lexicon

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Philosophy, Literature, Literary reference works
Length:
23,322 words

...of itself and of its component parts. At first sight the claim that “the only real political subject,” “the true political subject,” is a “remnant” may seem gnomic or paradoxical, but its sense lies in the idea that a true political subject is not merely a part of a totalizing whole. What is at issue is thus what Agamben calls “the problem of identities—ethnic or other. Such a thing as an ethnic identity will never truly exist because there will always remain a remnant” (“Das unheilige Leben,” 20). This divided people becomes a paradigm for the idea that a...

THEMIS

THEMIS (GREEK)   Reference library

Pierre Judet de la Combe and Barbara Cassin

Dictionary of Untranslatables: A Philosophical Lexicon

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Philosophy, Literature, Literary reference works
Length:
5,586 words

...assumes the role traditionally ascribed to Zeus and claims to have reconciled the two opposites, dikê (understood in the institutional sense of “procedure”) and biê [ βίη ‎] (violence: fr. 36 West). He is violent as a legislator: force is not a support or compensation for the law, it is internal to it, because of the law’s constraining dimension. As for the content of the law, it is not deduced from something preexisting, but is a direct result of legislative activity itself. Solon (fr. 36 West 18–20) transforms the traditional saying that links the ...

TERM

TERM   Reference library

Alain de Libera

Dictionary of Untranslatables: A Philosophical Lexicon

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Philosophy, Literature, Literary reference works
Length:
7,019 words

...one moves about silently in the mind. (Dictum est tres esse apud Peripateticos orationes, unam quae litteris scriberetur, aliam quae proferretur in voce, tertiam quae conjungeretur in animo. Quod si tres orationes sunt, partes quoque orationes esse triplices nulla dubitatio est. Quare quoniam verbum et nomen principaliter orationes partes sunt, erunt alia verba quae scribantur, alia quae dicantur, aliae quae tacita mente tractentur.) The notion of “mental nouns” and “mental verbs” is a first step in the direction of a “mental language,” even if the...

COMMONPLACE

COMMONPLACE   Reference library

Francis Goyet

Dictionary of Untranslatables: A Philosophical Lexicon

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Philosophy, Literature, Literary reference works
Length:
5,682 words

...turns” that could be taken in with a single glance; Rhetoric , 3.9.1409b1) and used visual figures of speech (“metaphor,” which carries across, and “metonymy,” which takes the part for the whole) at the expense of auditory ones (those alliterations that claim to be poetic; 3.1.404a24–29). The importance accorded to topos [ τόπος ‎], or “place,” was obviously an essential part of this system. It is easy to see how the power of place could fire the imagination of commentators, and they proposed a whole series of rich metaphors relating to space in order to...

PEOPLE

PEOPLE   Reference library

Marc Crépon, Barbara Cassin, and Claudia Moatti

Dictionary of Untranslatables: A Philosophical Lexicon

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Philosophy, Literature, Literary reference works
Length:
13,225 words

...In Athens, in the middle of the fourth century, to be part of the γένος ‎ ( en genei einai [ ἐν γένει εἶναι ‎]) was, without any possible ambiguity, to be part not of the gens or clan, but of the three generations issuing from a single ancestor. Bibliography Bourriot, Félix . Recherches sur la nature du Genos: Étude d’histoire sociale athénienne, périodes archaïque et classique . 2 vols. Paris: Champion, 1976. Jones, C. P. “ ἔθνος ‎ and γνος ‎ in Herodotus.” The Classical Quarterly 46 (1996): 315–20. 2. The genos , thus relieved of its mythical, epic,...

UNDERSTANDING

UNDERSTANDING   Reference library

Denis Thouard

Dictionary of Untranslatables: A Philosophical Lexicon

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Philosophy, Literature, Literary reference works
Length:
3,373 words

...the equivalence between Sinn and Verstand in expressions like “in the proper sense” ( im eigentlichen Verstand ) and “in the figurative sense” ( im bildlichen Verstand ) all through the eighteenth century, as in Chladenius or Herder. The abandonment of speculative claims on the part of idealism that had magnified the importance of reason ( Vernunft ) to the detriment of the understanding ( Verstand ) had the effect of a historicist reevaluation of the latter as “hermeneutic understanding,” Verstehen . Schleiermacher’s ( 1819 ) hermeneutics thus...

HOMONYM

HOMONYM   Reference library

Barbara Cassin and Irène Rosier-Catach

Dictionary of Untranslatables: A Philosophical Lexicon

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Philosophy, Literature, Literary reference works
Length:
10,869 words

...and not words that produce homonymy,” RT: CAG 8:24.20ff. / “It is clear, then, that a noun is homonymous,” 25.5). It becomes the locus itself of a distinction between a conceptualist interpretation of homonymy that has a Stoic nuance to it (one single word, with several ennoiai [ έννοιαι ‎], “mental representations”), and a participatory interpretation that is Neoplatonic in nature (74.28–75.5; see Luna’s commentary on Simplicius’s Commentaire sur les “Catégories” d’Aristote , especially part 3, pp. 88–90). More recently—with Luna, for...

ERSCHEINUNG

ERSCHEINUNG (GERMAN)   Reference library

Françoise Dastur

Dictionary of Untranslatables: A Philosophical Lexicon

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Philosophy, Literature, Literary reference works
Length:
5,413 words

...reason, that is, the “thing-in-itself” and the “noumenon.” The stress is thus placed in post-Kantianism on the dimension of appearance, of Erscheinen , as a dimension that is internal to the absolute itself, which would be completely ineffective without it. This leads Hegel to claim, in the preface to the Phenomenology of Spirit , that Appearance ( Erscheinung ) is the arising and passing away that does not itself arise and pass away, but is “in itself” [i.e., subsists intrinsically], and constitutes the actuality and the movement of the life of truth....

HISTORY

HISTORY   Reference library

François Hartog and Michael Werner

Dictionary of Untranslatables: A Philosophical Lexicon

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Philosophy, Literature, Literary reference works
Length:
11,998 words

...Treatises ) The investigation of what is related to the sick person and his disease proceeds from the common basis established by group consultations. Historiê as inquiry or the knowledge resulting. The treatise Ancient Medicine (or, Tradition in Medicine ; chap. 20), claiming that only medicine can give us precise knowledge of the nature of man, invokes an inquiry ( historiê ) into “what man is and how he exists because it seems to me indispensable for a doctor to have made such studies and to be fully acquainted with Nature.” We may follow the...

WILL

WILL   Reference library

Claude Romano

Dictionary of Untranslatables: A Philosophical Lexicon

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Philosophy, Literature, Literary reference works
Length:
5,111 words

...in essence. It remains to interrogate the notion of thelêsis [ θέλησις ‎] in Epictetus: the word appears frequently in his work, along with the verb thelein [ θέλειν ‎], and is largely synonymous with boulesthai [ βούλεσθαι ‎], to the point that one can agree with Voelke’s claim that “no other Stoic writing in Greek uses these verbs as frequently” ( L’idée de volonté dans l’ancien stoïcisme ). For example, Epictetus affirms that the single criterion of wisdom consists in the following: “Be willing at length to be approved by yourself ( thelêson aresai...

ITALIAN

ITALIAN   Reference library

Remi Bodei

Dictionary of Untranslatables: A Philosophical Lexicon

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Philosophy, Literature, Literary reference works
Length:
12,775 words

...only difference between the philosophy of philosophers and that of nonphilosophers comes from the level of critical awareness and of active conceptual elaboration that each manifests or claims. Whence, the following rhetorical question: [I]s it better to “think,” without having a critical awareness, in a disjointed and episodic way? In other words, is it better to take part in a conception of the world mechanically imposed by the external environment, i.e. by one of the many social groups in which everyone is automatically involved from the moment of his...

SOUL

SOUL   Reference library

Étienne Balibar

Dictionary of Untranslatables: A Philosophical Lexicon

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Philosophy, Literature, Literary reference works
Length:
17,999 words

...“first philosophy” (as was indicated by the first Latin title). Descartes can dispense with it only by abandoning not only the hope of being understood by orthodox thinkers but also a whole part of his doctrine (in particular the claim in the Third and Fourth Meditations that there is a resemblance between human nature and the Divine, and perhaps also the claim that there are “innate ideas” that God has placed within us as “seeds of truth”). C. Mens , “soul/mind,” and the act of ego cogitans What then is the problem raised by the meaning of the word ...

View: