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Part 20 claim

Subject: Law

A claim other than a claim by the claimant against the defendant. It includes (1) a counterclaim by the defendant against the claimant; (2) a counterclaim by the defendant against a third ...

Benjamin

Benjamin   Quick reference

A Dictionary of the Bible (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Religion
Length:
151 words

...claimed to be descended. He is mentioned as being close to * Joseph , and this suggests that historically the Benjaminites were associated with the northern (Joseph) tribes, which makes good sense as the name Benjamin means southerner. They occupied a strip of land which was a buffer south of * Ephraim and north of * Judah . After an atrocity which led to an onslaught from the other tribes (Judg. 20), a weakened Benjamin became dependent on * Judah . * Saul came from the tribe, but so also did Shimei and Sheba, opponents of * David (2 Sam. 16: 5; 20:...

high places

high places   Quick reference

A Dictionary of the Bible (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Religion
Length:
199 words

...It refers to a place where * sacrifices were offered in the open air. They were hated by * prophets as being part of the fertility religion of the * Canaanites and incompatible with Yahwism (Hos. 2: 2–20 and Ezek. 16: 16), but attracted much popular support. Indeed many local shrines claimed to have been founded by unimpeachably authentic Israelite heroes— * Jacob at * Bethel (Gen. 28: 18–22) and * Joshua at * Gilgal (Josh. 4: 20–24)—which was a means of making originally Canaanite shrines respectable for faithful Israelites. Indeed before *...

Hezekiah

Hezekiah   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Bible

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Religion
Length:
235 words

...see 2 Kings 19.35 ) forced Sennacherib's sudden withdrawal. A second Assyrian campaign has been proposed on the basis of 2 Kings 18.17–19.36 (duplicating 18.13–16 ), to collect the immense sum Sennacherib claimed from Judah ( 2 Kings 18.14 ); but Isaiah may have induced Hezekiah just to send off the money and end his years in peace ( 2 Kings 20.19 ). Robert North...

Stephen of Hungary

Stephen of Hungary   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Saints (5 rev. ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Religion
Length:
380 words

...almost fatal consequences. His son Emeric was prepared as his successor, but died before his father, in 1031 . Part of Stephen's work was undone by his successors, but after his death at Buda miracles were claimed at his tomb and his relics were enshrined there in 1083 . He has always been considered both a national hero and the most important of Hungary's many Christian kings. Feast: 16 August , formerly 2 September ; translation on 20 August . B. Homan , Szent Istvan (1938); G. Bonis , Istvan kiraly (1956); D. Sinor , History of Hungary ...

Existentialism

Existentialism   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
194 words

...in the early 20th cent. and from the shattering of cultural values in Europe after the First World War. The question of a Christian Existentialism has been prominent in Protestant theological debate. Opponents have claimed that Existentialism reduces theology to anthropology, dissolves the historical foundations of Christianity, and treats salvation as only a self-generated decision in favour of authentic existence. Supporters have held that an Existentialist standpoint is implicit in the NT, and that to acknowledge the salvation event as part of history only...

Anglicanism

Anglicanism   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
453 words

...and the USA in the later 18th cent. may be seen in part as a reaction against this trend. The Oxford Movement (q.v.) sought to restore to Anglicanism a sense of its roots and sacramental life as part of the Catholic Church. By the mid-20th cent. many of the practices advocated by its leaders had been accepted. Until 1948 Lambeth Conferences regarded the BCP as a bond in the Anglican Communion ; with minor revisions it was used throughout the world in some language or other. In the second half of the 20th cent. there was much liturgical experimentation...

Trophimus, St.

Trophimus, St.   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 rev. ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion
Length:
332 words

...Trophimus, St. 1 Acc. to Acts 20: 4 and 21: 29 , he was an Ephesian Gentile, who accompanied St Paul on part of his third missionary journey and to Jerusalem , where Paul's introduction of him into the Temple was the chief ground for the riot. He is also mentioned at 2 Tim. 4: 20 (‘Trophimus I left at Miletum sick’). In the Gk. Menology he is reckoned one of the Seventy ( cf. Lk. 10: 1 ) and commemorated with St Aristarchus ( cf. Acts 19: 29, etc .) and St Pudens on 14 Apr. 2 St Trophimus , traditionally reckoned the first Bp. of Arles, is...

Cadbury, Henry Joel

Cadbury, Henry Joel (1883–1974)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 rev. ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion
Length:
413 words

... ( 1919–20 ) virtually demolished the contention that St Luke 's writing betrayed any specifically medical knowledge or interests. He played a large part, with F. J. Foakes Jackson and K. Lake in the production of their influential Beginnings of Christianity (5 vols., 1920–33 ). Two popular books, The Peril of Modernizing Jesus ( 1937 ) and Jesus, What Manner of Man ( 1947 ), addressed the difficulties posed by cultural change for the claim that the teaching of Christ, or 1st-cent. interpretations of Him, could be authoritative in the 20th cent....

Maurice and companions

Maurice and companions   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Saints (5 rev. ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Religion
Length:
316 words

...of Lyons (5th century) tells the story, was a profession of faith in the one true God, joined with a refusal to renounce Him or take part in the killing of innocent Christians, who were not the emperor's enemies at all. The least credible part of the story is the order to decimate the Theban Legion and then, at their continued refusal to sacrifice, to butcher every one of them, unresisting to the end. The incredible numbers claimed for this massacre are 6,600 or, according to another source, 6,666. There seems to have been a genuine martyrdom at the base of this...

theology of the New Testament

theology of the New Testament   Quick reference

A Dictionary of the Bible (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Religion
Length:
670 words

...can maintain its essential unity. Its claim is to be a continuation of the story begun in the OT of how God reveals himself by what he does—in creation, in the history of the people of Israel, and in what was uttered both in warning and in hope by the prophets. So the theme of the NT is of God's action fulfilled in Christ: it is he who reveals God's glory (John 1: 14) in his signs (John 2: 11), and in the crucifixion (John 12: 23–8). It is his claim to be ‘the way, the truth, and the life’ (John 14: 6). And such a claim must be validated for readers of the NT...

Matthew, The Gospel According to

Matthew, The Gospel According to   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Bible

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Religion
Length:
3,698 words

...; 16.16 ). The third part of Matthew's story ( 16.21–28.20 ) describes Jesus' journey to Jerusalem and his suffering, death, and resurrection. The passion predictions sound this theme ( 16.21 ; 17.22–23 ; 20.17–19 ; cf. 26.2 ), and the motif of the journey binds together disparate materials ( 16.21–21.11 ). In Jerusalem , Jesus makes the Temple the site of his activity, where he teaches, debates, and speaks in parables ( 21.12–23.39 ). Addressing the parable of the wicked husbandmen to the Jewish leaders, Jesus raises the claim that he is the Son of...

music

music   Quick reference

A Dictionary of the Bible (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Religion
Length:
359 words

...pause where perhaps another group of singers might take over. Some psalms (e.g. 13; 20) were intended to be sung antiphonally. The stringed instruments were lyres and harps with ten strings, and wind instruments were flutes and trumpets of ram's horn. There were also tambourines and cymbals of bronze, and bells. Some of these instruments are named also in the NT, and Jesus and the disciples sang the hallel (Pss. 114–18) after the * Lord's Supper . Singing certainly formed part of early Christian * worship (Eph. 5: 19) which was expected to continue in *...

John, Apocryphon of

John, Apocryphon of   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 rev. ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion
Length:
312 words

...Berlin MS since 1896 , but first pub. in 1955 . It was at first claimed as the source of Irenaeus ' account of the ‘Barbelognostics’ ( Adv. Haer . 1. 29), with which it has parallels; but there are also differences. Three further copies were found at Nag Hammadi , one of them closely parallel to the Berlin text, the others presenting a longer version. It takes the form of a dialogue between Christ and St John , the son of Zebedee , but there are indications that the dialogue form is part of a secondary Christianization. The text was clearly popular in...

Luke

Luke   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Saints (5 rev. ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Religion
Length:
554 words

...4: 14), a disciple of St Paul, and his companion on some of his missionary journeys (Acts 16: 10 ff.; 20: 5 ff., 27–8) and the author of both Acts and the third gospel, which he describes in his idiomatic Greek as ‘the former treatise which I wrote’ (Acts 1: 1). The traditions that he was one of the first members of the Christian community at Antioch, testified by Eusebius , and a physician by profession, may well be correct: less certain is the claim that he lived to the age of eighty-four and died unmarried. Much can be gleaned about his character from...

Alban

Alban   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Saints (5 rev. ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Religion
Length:
640 words

...monastery. These included the fine illustrated Life by Matthew Paris and the new shrine, part of which survives. Representations of him by Comper and others after World War I present him as a soldier. Much of his shrine at St Albans has recently been restored. Alban's cult extended all over England and in parts of France influenced by Germanus. Nine ancient English churches were dedicated to him. Odensee (Denmark), founded by Evesham, also claimed his relics. Feast: 20 June (formerly 22 June , as in B.C.P.); translation, 2 August ( 15 May at Ely)....

Existentialism

Existentialism   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 rev. ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion
Length:
796 words

...it was taken up by R. Bultmann , who drew on Heidegger's analysis. Opponents have claimed that Existentialism, which is anti-metaphysical and anti-cosmological in character, reduces theology to anthropology, dissolves the historical foundations of Christianity, and treats salvation as no more than a self-generated decision in favour of authentic existence. Supporters have claimed that an Existential standpoint is implicit in the NT, that to acknowledge the salvation event as part of history only serves to confirm the radical nature of faith, locating salvation...

Trinity

Trinity   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Bible

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Religion
Length:
766 words

...God the Father and Jesus the Son (e.g., 11.27 ), but he falls short of claiming that Jesus is equal with God (cf. 24.36). It is John 's gospel that suggests the idea of equality between Jesus and God (“I and the Father are one”; 10.30 ). The Gospel starts with the affirmation that in the beginning Jesus as Word ( See Logos ) “was with God and … was God” (1.1), and ends (chap. 21 is most likely a later addition) with Thomas 's confession of faith to Jesus, “My Lord and my God!” (20.28). The Fourth Gospel also elaborates on the role of the Holy Spirit as...

Prophet

Prophet   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
392 words

...Jewish prophets (who were seen to have been foretelling the coming of Christ and events surrounding and arising from that advent), prophets returned as functionaries in the early Church. However, the problem arose of what control Church leaders could have over the inspired (or claimed-to-be inspired) utterances of an individual. The problem became acute in relation to Montanism ; and prophets ceased to have a major role, until the revival of their importance in African Christianity. Islam See NABĪ ; RASŪL...

Presbyterianism

Presbyterianism   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
456 words

...in the 16th and 17th cents. regarded it not as an innovation but a rediscovery of the apostolic model found in the NT. Most Presbyterians now recognize that the early Church had episcopal and congregational as well as presbyterian elements and that Presbyterianism has no claim to be the only permissible Church polity. The normal pattern of government of Presbyterian Churches is a hierarchy of interrelated bodies: the Session ( Kirk session ), Presbytery , Synod, and General Assembly . These are all made up of ministers and elders . The elders are...

Slavery and the Bible

Slavery and the Bible   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Bible

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Religion
Length:
946 words

...; 17.12–13 ; 24.35–36 ; 26.13–14 ; 47.14–25 ), that slavery was “incorporated” in the Mosaic law ( Exod. 20.17 ; 21.2–4 , 20–21 ; Lev. 25.39–46 ), and that Jesus and the apostles recognized slavery as a “lawful institution among men” ( 2 Cor. 11.20 ; Eph. 6.5 ; Col. 3.22 ). Evangelical abolitionists answered these proslavery arguments in writings like Angelina Grimké 's Appeal to the Christian Women of the South ( 1836 ). Grimké claimed that Hebrew slavery differed in nature and kind from American slavery and therefore could not justify it. In...

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