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Part 20 claim

Subject: Law

A claim other than a claim by the claimant against the defendant. It includes (1) a counterclaim by the defendant against the claimant; (2) a counterclaim by the defendant against a third ...

Joseph of Arimathea

Joseph of Arimathea  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(1st century).All that is certainly known about him is in the Gospels: that he was a Jewish councillor, a disciple of Jesus in secret, who had taken no part in his condemnation and who, after the ...
high place

high place  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The conventional translation of a Hebrew word (bamoth) whose meaning continues to be disputed. It refers to a place where sacrifices were offered in the open air. They were hated by prophets as being ...
Benjamin

Benjamin  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The younger son of Jacob and Rachel (Gen. 35: 18), from whom the tribe of Benjamin claimed to be descended. He is mentioned as being close to Joseph, and this suggests that historically the ...
Eugene II

Eugene II  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(5(?) June 824–27(?) Aug. 827)Disturbances lasting several months followed the death of Paschal I, the nobility and the clerical bureaucracy making rival nominations, but after prolonged discussions ...
Literature, Religious

Literature, Religious  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The Pentateuch and the other books of the Bible are the sacred books par excellence for the Jewish religion although, traditionally, the Pentateuch was not treated as a human composition at all and ...
John XIII

John XIII  

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Overview Page
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Religion
(1 Oct. 965–6 Sept. 972)A Roman, son of John Episcopus (a surname) but not related, as is often supposed, to the powerful Crescentii, he was brought up in the papal court, held successive offices and ...
Colman

Colman  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
There are about 300 saints of this name mentioned in Irish martyrologies: for the purposes of this work it seems sufficient to mention four, those of Cloyne, Dromore, Kilmacduagh, and Lindisfarne.(1) ...
Benjamin

Benjamin   Quick reference

A Dictionary of the Bible (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Religion
Length:
151 words

...claimed to be descended. He is mentioned as being close to * Joseph , and this suggests that historically the Benjaminites were associated with the northern (Joseph) tribes, which makes good sense as the name Benjamin means southerner. They occupied a strip of land which was a buffer south of * Ephraim and north of * Judah . After an atrocity which led to an onslaught from the other tribes (Judg. 20), a weakened Benjamin became dependent on * Judah . * Saul came from the tribe, but so also did Shimei and Sheba, opponents of * David (2 Sam. 16: 5; 20:...

high places

high places   Quick reference

A Dictionary of the Bible (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Religion
Length:
199 words

...It refers to a place where * sacrifices were offered in the open air. They were hated by * prophets as being part of the fertility religion of the * Canaanites and incompatible with Yahwism (Hos. 2: 2–20 and Ezek. 16: 16), but attracted much popular support. Indeed many local shrines claimed to have been founded by unimpeachably authentic Israelite heroes— * Jacob at * Bethel (Gen. 28: 18–22) and * Joshua at * Gilgal (Josh. 4: 20–24)—which was a means of making originally Canaanite shrines respectable for faithful Israelites. Indeed before *...

Hezekiah

Hezekiah   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Bible

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Religion
Length:
235 words

...see 2 Kings 19.35 ) forced Sennacherib's sudden withdrawal. A second Assyrian campaign has been proposed on the basis of 2 Kings 18.17–19.36 (duplicating 18.13–16 ), to collect the immense sum Sennacherib claimed from Judah ( 2 Kings 18.14 ); but Isaiah may have induced Hezekiah just to send off the money and end his years in peace ( 2 Kings 20.19 ). Robert North...

Stephen of Hungary

Stephen of Hungary   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Saints (5 rev. ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Religion
Length:
380 words

...almost fatal consequences. His son Emeric was prepared as his successor, but died before his father, in 1031 . Part of Stephen's work was undone by his successors, but after his death at Buda miracles were claimed at his tomb and his relics were enshrined there in 1083 . He has always been considered both a national hero and the most important of Hungary's many Christian kings. Feast: 16 August , formerly 2 September ; translation on 20 August . B. Homan , Szent Istvan (1938); G. Bonis , Istvan kiraly (1956); D. Sinor , History of Hungary ...

Existentialism

Existentialism   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
194 words

...in the early 20th cent. and from the shattering of cultural values in Europe after the First World War. The question of a Christian Existentialism has been prominent in Protestant theological debate. Opponents have claimed that Existentialism reduces theology to anthropology, dissolves the historical foundations of Christianity, and treats salvation as only a self-generated decision in favour of authentic existence. Supporters have held that an Existentialist standpoint is implicit in the NT, and that to acknowledge the salvation event as part of history only...

Anglicanism

Anglicanism   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
453 words

...and the USA in the later 18th cent. may be seen in part as a reaction against this trend. The Oxford Movement (q.v.) sought to restore to Anglicanism a sense of its roots and sacramental life as part of the Catholic Church. By the mid-20th cent. many of the practices advocated by its leaders had been accepted. Until 1948 Lambeth Conferences regarded the BCP as a bond in the Anglican Communion ; with minor revisions it was used throughout the world in some language or other. In the second half of the 20th cent. there was much liturgical experimentation...

Cadbury, Henry Joel

Cadbury, Henry Joel (1883–1974)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 rev. ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion
Length:
413 words

... ( 1919–20 ) virtually demolished the contention that St Luke 's writing betrayed any specifically medical knowledge or interests. He played a large part, with F. J. Foakes Jackson and K. Lake in the production of their influential Beginnings of Christianity (5 vols., 1920–33 ). Two popular books, The Peril of Modernizing Jesus ( 1937 ) and Jesus, What Manner of Man ( 1947 ), addressed the difficulties posed by cultural change for the claim that the teaching of Christ, or 1st-cent. interpretations of Him, could be authoritative in the 20th cent....

Trophimus, St.

Trophimus, St.   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 rev. ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion
Length:
332 words

...Trophimus, St. 1 Acc. to Acts 20: 4 and 21: 29 , he was an Ephesian Gentile, who accompanied St Paul on part of his third missionary journey and to Jerusalem , where Paul's introduction of him into the Temple was the chief ground for the riot. He is also mentioned at 2 Tim. 4: 20 (‘Trophimus I left at Miletum sick’). In the Gk. Menology he is reckoned one of the Seventy ( cf. Lk. 10: 1 ) and commemorated with St Aristarchus ( cf. Acts 19: 29, etc .) and St Pudens on 14 Apr. 2 St Trophimus , traditionally reckoned the first Bp. of Arles, is...

Maurice and companions

Maurice and companions   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Saints (5 rev. ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Religion
Length:
316 words

...of Lyons (5th century) tells the story, was a profession of faith in the one true God, joined with a refusal to renounce Him or take part in the killing of innocent Christians, who were not the emperor's enemies at all. The least credible part of the story is the order to decimate the Theban Legion and then, at their continued refusal to sacrifice, to butcher every one of them, unresisting to the end. The incredible numbers claimed for this massacre are 6,600 or, according to another source, 6,666. There seems to have been a genuine martyrdom at the base of this...

theology of the New Testament

theology of the New Testament   Quick reference

A Dictionary of the Bible (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Religion
Length:
670 words

...can maintain its essential unity. Its claim is to be a continuation of the story begun in the OT of how God reveals himself by what he does—in creation, in the history of the people of Israel, and in what was uttered both in warning and in hope by the prophets. So the theme of the NT is of God's action fulfilled in Christ: it is he who reveals God's glory (John 1: 14) in his signs (John 2: 11), and in the crucifixion (John 12: 23–8). It is his claim to be ‘the way, the truth, and the life’ (John 14: 6). And such a claim must be validated for readers of the NT...

Matthew, The Gospel According to

Matthew, The Gospel According to   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Bible

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Religion
Length:
3,698 words

...; 16.16 ). The third part of Matthew's story ( 16.21–28.20 ) describes Jesus' journey to Jerusalem and his suffering, death, and resurrection. The passion predictions sound this theme ( 16.21 ; 17.22–23 ; 20.17–19 ; cf. 26.2 ), and the motif of the journey binds together disparate materials ( 16.21–21.11 ). In Jerusalem , Jesus makes the Temple the site of his activity, where he teaches, debates, and speaks in parables ( 21.12–23.39 ). Addressing the parable of the wicked husbandmen to the Jewish leaders, Jesus raises the claim that he is the Son of...

music

music   Quick reference

A Dictionary of the Bible (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Religion
Length:
359 words

...pause where perhaps another group of singers might take over. Some psalms (e.g. 13; 20) were intended to be sung antiphonally. The stringed instruments were lyres and harps with ten strings, and wind instruments were flutes and trumpets of ram's horn. There were also tambourines and cymbals of bronze, and bells. Some of these instruments are named also in the NT, and Jesus and the disciples sang the hallel (Pss. 114–18) after the * Lord's Supper . Singing certainly formed part of early Christian * worship (Eph. 5: 19) which was expected to continue in *...

John, Apocryphon of

John, Apocryphon of   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 rev. ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion
Length:
312 words

...Berlin MS since 1896 , but first pub. in 1955 . It was at first claimed as the source of Irenaeus ' account of the ‘Barbelognostics’ ( Adv. Haer . 1. 29), with which it has parallels; but there are also differences. Three further copies were found at Nag Hammadi , one of them closely parallel to the Berlin text, the others presenting a longer version. It takes the form of a dialogue between Christ and St John , the son of Zebedee , but there are indications that the dialogue form is part of a secondary Christianization. The text was clearly popular in...

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