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New Zealand

Subject: History

New Zealand now has one of the world's least regulated economies New Zealand consists of two main islands. The larger, South Island, is also the more mountainous, dominated by ...

New Zealand

New Zealand   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Politics of the World (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
1,195 words

...them, in addition to granting them “all the Rights and Privileges of British Subjects.” For much of New Zealand's history—and particularly following the Land Wars of the 1860s—the Treaty of Waitangi was largely ignored by successive New Zealand governments, but from the 1970s onward it has been central to attempts to forge a new and more equitable arrangement between pakehas (New Zealanders of European descent) and Maori. Dating from 1854 , the New Zealand Parliament enjoys a record of constitutional continuity second only to the U.S. Congress in the ...

New Zealand–Australia

New Zealand–Australia   Reference library

Oxford Companion to Australian Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
2,007 words

...migrants from southern Europe and Asia, and New Zealand's greater proportion of indigenous Maori and other South Pacific migrants. The right of migration has been disproportionately exercised by New Zealanders: an estimated 375 000 ‘Kiwis’ currently live in Australia, while only 57 000 ‘Aussies’ live in New Zealand. In particular, New Zealanders gravitate to the major centres for the same variety of reasons as Australians from more remote states and regions. In response to the disproportionate demands of New Zealand migrants on Australian pensions and other...

Principal Office Holders, New Zealand

Principal Office Holders, New Zealand   Quick reference

A Concise Oxford Dictionary of Politics and International Relations (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
99 words

...Office Holders, New Zealand Prime Minister Mar. 1940 Peter Fraser (acting March to April 1940 ) Labour Dec. 1949 Sidney Holland National Sept. 1957 Keith Holyoake National Dec. 1957 Walter Nash Labour Dec. 1960 Keith Holyoake National Feb. 1972 John Marshall National Dec. 1972 Norman Kirk Labour Sept. 1974 Wallace (Bill) Rowling Labour Dec. 1975 Robert Muldoon National July 1984 David Lange Labour Aug. 1989 Geoffrey Palmer Labour Sept. 1990 Mike Moore Labour Nov. 1990 James Bolger National Dec. 1997 Jenny Shipley National Dec 1999 Helen Clark Labour...

John Phillip Key

John Phillip Key  

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(b. Auckland, North Island, 9 Aug. 1961)New Zealand; Leader of New Zealand National Party 2006– , Prime Minister 2008–  Born to parents who had immigrated from England (his mother, a Jew, had escaped ...
James Brendan Bolger

James Brendan Bolger  

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(b. 31 May 1935).Prime Minister of New Zealand, 1990–7Early careerBorn in Taranaki as the son of Irish immigrants, he became a farmer. In 1972 Bolger became a Member of Parliament for the National ...
David Russell Lange

David Russell Lange  

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(b. 4 Aug. 1942, d. 13 Aug. 2005).Prime Minister of New Zealand 1984–9 A graduate of the University of Auckland, he was called to the Bar in 1966. Elected to the House of Representatives for the ...
separate electorates

separate electorates  

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System of election to legislatures which divides voters along the lines of their religion or ethnicity; designed to ensure that each religious or ethnic group can elect their own representatives. ...
unicameralism

unicameralism  

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Legislatures made up of one chamber are the exception rather than the rule, most national assemblies adopting a bicameral form. The countries which have unicameral systems tend to be smaller ...
Fairfax

Fairfax  

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Overview Page
Historically and in the contemporary period, John Fairfax Holdings Limited (Fairfax) can make claim to being one of the most significant media organisations in Australia‐and now New Zealand. ...
Regionalism, international

Regionalism, international  

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Regionalism is a slippery concept in the study of international relations. Little consensus exists among scholars on what constitutes a ‘region’. For some writers, a ‘regional’ institution is any ...
heresthetic

heresthetic  

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Term coined by W. H. Riker in 1986 to denote the art and science of political manipulation. Intrigued that the root of heresy is from the Greek word meaning ‘to find out’, Riker coined ...
additional member system

additional member system  

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Any system of proportional representation in which a set of representatives is chosen to supplement those chosen by some other route in such a way that the house, overall, is proportionately ...
Trade policy

Trade policy  

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No country practises completely free trade. All countries place some restrictions on the movement of goods and services across national boundaries. Some however practise freer trade than others by ...
head of state

head of state  

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The head of state embodies the political community and continuity of the state, and carries out ceremonial functions associated with representing the state both at home and in foreign policy, for ...
Green Party

Green Party  

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Green parties grew out of the concern for the ecological stability of the planet and the quality of life in industrial societies which sharpened perceptibly in the 1970s. The German greens, Die ...
Anglo-Saxon Capitalism

Anglo-Saxon Capitalism  

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A system of capitalism characterized by extensive market coordination by economic actors and relatively neutral patterns of governmental market regulation aimed at maintaining property right ...
Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation

Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation  

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(APEC)An association of nations around the Pacific rim aiming at the creation of a Pacific free‐trade area. APEC was set up in 1990; it has 21 members, including Australia, Canada, Chile, China, ...
fiscal crisis

fiscal crisis  

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Actual or supposed inability of the state to raise enough tax revenue to pay for its programme. Theories of fiscal crisis were widespread in the 1970s, both among Marxists such as James O'Connor (The ...
internal colonialism

internal colonialism  

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Application of the theory of imperialism developed by Lenin to centre–periphery relationships within a country. The Leninist theory of imperialism argued that an imperialist country exported the ...
Mancur Olson

Mancur Olson  

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(1932–98)American economist with huge influence on political science. His first name was pronounced with a soft ‘c’. He wrote three big books—big in ideas although not in bulk. The most influential ...

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