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Overview

New Zealand

Subject: History

New Zealand now has one of the world's least regulated economies New Zealand consists of two main islands. The larger, South Island, is also the more mountainous, dominated by ...

New Zealand

New Zealand   Quick reference

World Maps

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

...New Zealand Physical map Political map Wellington...

New Zealand

New Zealand   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Human Geography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Human Geography
Length:
159 words

... Zealand An island country located in the South Pacific Ocean with two main land masses and several smaller islands. Prior to the arrival of European explorers in the mid-17th century, New Zealand was occupied by Maori peoples. New Zealand became a free-standing British colony in 1841 and subsequently attracted emigrants from the United Kingdom. This led to conflicts with the Maori, who were dispossessed of land. New Zealand became de facto independent in 1907 , de jure independent in 1947 . Benefiting from its ties with Australia and Britain as part...

New Zealand

New Zealand   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Economic History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Social sciences, Economics
Length:
2,201 words

...in New Zealand, 1840–1984 . Auckland, 1998. Condliffe, John B. . New Zealand in the Making . 2d ed. London, 1959. Condliffe, John B. The Welfare State in New Zealand . London, 1959. Easton, Brian . In Stormy Seas: The Postwar New Zealand Economy . Dunedin, 1997. Gould, John D. The Muldoon Years . Auckland, 1985. Gould, John D. The Rake's Progress? The New Zealand Economy since 1945 . Auckland, 1982. Hawke, Gary R. The Making of New Zealand: An Economic History . Cambridge, 1985. Lloyd Prichard , Muriel F. An Economic History of New Zealand to...

New Zealand

New Zealand   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Politics of the World (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
1,195 words

...them, in addition to granting them “all the Rights and Privileges of British Subjects.” For much of New Zealand's history—and particularly following the Land Wars of the 1860s—the Treaty of Waitangi was largely ignored by successive New Zealand governments, but from the 1970s onward it has been central to attempts to forge a new and more equitable arrangement between pakehas (New Zealanders of European descent) and Maori. Dating from 1854 , the New Zealand Parliament enjoys a record of constitutional continuity second only to the U.S. Congress in the ...

New Zealand

New Zealand   Reference library

The Encyclopedia of Religion and Nature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences
Length:
1,808 words

...What is most sacred to both races in New Zealand is the land itself, which is not surprising considering that islands are finite territories wherein an expanding population must negotiate the use of its most important and dwindling resource: space. Viewed as the paramount religious sacrality, the land of these beautiful islands is the chief protagonist in the history of New Zealand. To New Zealanders of European descent the land is also dear. No longer regarded as terra incognita, the Anglicized landscape of New Zealand provides recreation (literally,...

New Zealand

New Zealand   Quick reference

World Flags

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

... Zealand New Zealand's red, white and blue flag recalls its historic links with Britain. Many former British colonies incoporate the ‘Union Jack’ on the hoist of their flag. New Zealand's flag features the stars of the Southern Cross constellation. The blue field represents the sky and the Pacific...

New Zealand

New Zealand   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Australian Military History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

...his visit to Melbourne in 1912 . The passage of the Australian and New Zealand transports was coordinated in 1914 and their forces joined together by the imperial authorities into an Australian and New Zealand Army Corps. The two New Zealand brigades were joined with two Australian ones to form the New Zealand and Australian (NZ&A) Division, commanded by Godley and staffed by New Zealanders. When the AIF was reorganised after the Gallipoli campaign, Australian and New Zealand divisions were formed into II Anzac Corps, again under Godley's command, and...

New Zealand

New Zealand   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Place Names (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

...New Zealand (Maori: Aotearoa ) Occupied from c. 1400 by the Maori people who called it Aotearoa ‘(Land of) the Long White Cloud’ from ao ‘cloud’, tea ‘white’ and roa ‘long’. The first European to discover New Zealand was Abel Tasman . At the end of 1642 he came across South Island but did not realize that it was separate from North Island. He named it Staten Landt ‘Land of the States’ in honour of the States General ( see netherlands, the ). In 1643 the name was changed to Nieuw Zeeland ‘New Sea Land’ after the Dutch province of Zeeland. In ...

New Zealand

New Zealand   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,270 words
Illustration(s):
2

...the fourth largest in the world, enables New Zealand to be one of the world’s leading producers of lamb, mutton, and wool. It also exports beef and dairy products. The main arable crop is barley for animal feed. Other crops include kiwifruit and apples for export, along with the grapes that have enabled New Zealand to become a leading wine producer. Manufacturing industry is dominated by the processing of meat and dairy products for export, but New Zealand is now also a major producer of pulp and paper. New Zealand has the service industries common to most...

New Zealand

New Zealand   Reference library

W. David McIntyre

The Oxford Companion to World War II

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003

...of farm production and military prowess, the war induced considerable advances in the cultural life of New Zealand. W. David McIntyre Baker, J. V. T. , The New Zealand People at War: War Economy (Wellington, 1965). McGibbon, I. , New Zealand and the Second World War: The People, the Battles and the Legacy (Auckland, 2003). Taylor, N. , The New Zealand People at War: The Home Front , 2 vols. (Wellington, 1986). Wood, F. L. W. , The New Zealand People at War: Political and External Affairs (Wellington,...

New Zealand

New Zealand (2012)   Reference library

Tom BROOKING, Eric PAWSON, and Hamish G. RENNIE

Berkshire Encyclopedia of Sustainability

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Science and technology, Social sciences
Length:
4,015 words

...Jenny . (2004). Hooked: The story of the New Zealand fishing industry . Christchurch, New Zealand: Hazard Press. Kawharu, I. H. (Ed.). (1989). Waitangi: Māori and Pakeha perspectives of the Treaty of Waitangi . Auckland, New Zealand: Oxford University Press. McKinnon, Malcolm . (Ed.). (1997). The New Zealand historical atlas . Auckland, New Zealand: David Bateman. National Library of New Zealand. (n.d.a). Homepage. Retrieved June 13, 2012, from http://beta.natlib.govt.nz National Library of New Zealand. (n.d.b). AtoJs online. Retrieved June 13,...

New Zealand Tourism

New Zealand Tourism   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Travel and Tourism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
18 words

... Zealand Tourism http://www.tourismnewzealand.com The website for the statutory body, the New Zealand Tourist Board automatically redirects...

New Zealand rug

New Zealand rug   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Agriculture and Land Management

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
75 words

... Zealand rug A hardy rug designed to keep horses or ponies warm and dry when turned out or living out in the winter. They are particularly useful for clipped horses. Rugs are made of lined waterproof canvas or man-made fibre, and are attached by a variety of fittings and leg straps. The canvas type is heavier and is more robust, but the lighter nylon rugs are less likely to rub or...

New Zealand schoolbooks

New Zealand schoolbooks   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
152 words

... Zealand schoolbooks In 1877 , education was made compulsory in New Zealand. The need for schoolbooks was first met by *Whitcombe & Tombs , combining the roles of publisher, printer, and bookseller. Whitcombe’s issued readers, spelling books, arithmetics, *grammars , geographies, histories, etc., for (chiefly primary) schools. One series, Whitcombe’s Story Books , a graded Australian and New Zealand series, sold 12.5 million books between 1908 and 1960 . In the 1940s , the Department of Education’s School Publications Branch (now Learning Media) became...

New Zealand–Australia

New Zealand–Australia   Reference library

Oxford Companion to Australian Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
2,007 words

...migrants from southern Europe and Asia, and New Zealand's greater proportion of indigenous Maori and other South Pacific migrants. The right of migration has been disproportionately exercised by New Zealanders: an estimated 375 000 ‘Kiwis’ currently live in Australia, while only 57 000 ‘Aussies’ live in New Zealand. In particular, New Zealanders gravitate to the major centres for the same variety of reasons as Australians from more remote states and regions. In response to the disproportionate demands of New Zealand migrants on Australian pensions and other...

Auckland, New Zealand

Auckland, New Zealand (2012)   Reference library

Robin A. KEARNS

Berkshire Encyclopedia of Sustainability

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Science and technology, Social sciences
Length:
2,573 words

...A longitudinal assessment. Transport Policy , 17 (1), 1–8. Friesen, Wardlow . (2008). Diverse Auckland: The face of New Zealand in the 21st century? Wellington, New Zealand: Asia New Zealand Foundation. King, Michael . (2003). The Penguin history of New Zealand . Auckland, New Zealand: Penguin Books. Le Heron, Richard B. , & Pawson, Eric . (1998). Changing places in New Zealand: A geography of restructuring . Auckland, New Zealand: Longans. Livesey, Biddy . (2010). Do urban growth strategies support the development of Maori land for residential use...

New Zealand government printer

New Zealand government printer   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
50 words

... Zealand government printer A Government Printing Office established in 1864 to meet all the publishing demands of the state, from legislation to railway tickets. Economic deregulation led to its sale to an investment company in 1990 . Noel Waite W. A. Glue , History of the Government Printing Office ...

New Zealand Stock Exchange

New Zealand Stock Exchange (New Zealand)   Reference library

The Handbook of International Financial Terms

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

... Zealand Stock Exchange (New Zealand) . Clatex Tower, 286-92 Lambton Quay, PO Box 2959, NZ-Wellington (tel. 64 4 472 7599; fax 64 4 473...

Australia-New Zealand Agreement

Australia-New Zealand Agreement   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Australian Military History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

...decisions about the future of the postwar Asia-Pacific region without consulting Australia and New Zealand. The reactions in Washington and London were critical; in a subsequent meeting with the New Zealand Prime Minister, Peter Fraser, the American Secretary of State, Cordell Hull, blamed the Australian Minister for External Affairs, H. V. Evatt , for the tone of the agreement and likened his behaviour to that of the Soviet government over Poland, while the British government expressed concern that the customary channels through which the two governments...

Australia and New Zealand

Australia and New Zealand   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,134 words

...community in New Zealand go back to a few Gujarati men who arrived after 1906 , but it was only after 1950 that Muslim families began to settle in New Zealand. Some growth began in the late 1960s, with a small number of Fijian Indians and other South Asians, and was spurred significantly by changes in the immigration regulations in 1991 that eased the way for skilled people from throughout the world. Since this time refugees and others fleeing political turbulence in their own countries have also increased Muslim numbers. New Zealand has adopted...

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