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New Zealand

Subject: History

New Zealand now has one of the world's least regulated economies New Zealand consists of two main islands. The larger, South Island, is also the more mountainous, dominated by ...

New Zealand

New Zealand   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
Feb 2014
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
655 words
Illustration(s):
4

...gradually integrated. In 1893 New Zealand became the first country in the world to give women the vote. In 1907 it became a self-governing dominion in the British Empire. New Zealanders fought alongside the Allies in both World Wars. In 1952 New Zealand signed the ANZUS treaty, a mutual defence pact with Australia and the United States. Troops from New Zealand served in the Korean War ( 1950-3 ) and a few units later served in the war in Vietnam. Politics After Britain joined the EEC (now the EU) in 1973 , New Zealand's exports to Britain shrank from...

New Zealand

New Zealand   Quick reference

World Maps

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

...New Zealand Physical map Political map Wellington...

New Zealand

New Zealand   Quick reference

World Flags

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

... Zealand New Zealand's red, white and blue flag recalls its historic links with Britain. Many former British colonies incoporate the ‘Union Jack’ on the hoist of their flag. New Zealand's flag features the stars of the Southern Cross constellation. The blue field represents the sky and the Pacific...

New Zealand

New Zealand   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,270 words
Illustration(s):
2

...the fourth largest in the world, enables New Zealand to be one of the world’s leading producers of lamb, mutton, and wool. It also exports beef and dairy products. The main arable crop is barley for animal feed. Other crops include kiwifruit and apples for export, along with the grapes that have enabled New Zealand to become a leading wine producer. Manufacturing industry is dominated by the processing of meat and dairy products for export, but New Zealand is now also a major producer of pulp and paper. New Zealand has the service industries common to most...

New Zealand

New Zealand: c. 800 - 2005  

Reference type:
Timeline
Current Version:
2012

...800 800 Seafarers colonize New Zealand, the last great island region in the Pacific to be reached by human beings New Zealand A Dictionary of British History 1 rev 8th century 9th century Exploration Australia and Oceania Society 1642 1642 The Dutch explorer Abel Tasman attempts to land in Golden Bay, New Zealand, resulting in a clash with the Maoris Maori A Dictionary of World History 2 17th century Exploration Dutch empire Australia and Oceania Society Empires 1769 1769 Captain Cook reaches New Zealand and sets off to chart its entire coastline Cook, James...

All Blacks

All Blacks   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
59 words

...Blacks National rugby union team of New Zealand. The first New Zealand touring side visited the British Isles and France in 1905–06 , establishing the All Blacks as the world's leading rugby team. The All Blacks won the inaugural World Cup ( 1987 ). The team is famous for the ‘haka’, a ceremonial Maori war dance performed before each...

Hillary, Sir Edmund Percival

Hillary, Sir Edmund Percival (1919–2008)   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
47 words

...Sir Edmund Percival ( 1919–2008 ) New Zealand explorer and mountaineer . On May 29, 1953 , Hillary and his Sherpa guide, Tenzing Norgay , were the first men to reach the summit of Mount Everest . He led ( 1955–58 ) the New Zealand arm of the Commonwealth Trans-Antarctic...

Nash, Sir Walter

Nash, Sir Walter (1882–1968)   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
46 words

...Sir Walter ( 1882–1968 ) New Zealand statesman , prime minister ( 1957–60 ), b. England . Nash emigrated to New Zealand in 1909 , and became a member of Parliament in 1929 . As finance minister ( 1935–49 ), he helped to introduce the Labour Party's wide-ranging social security...

Auckland

Auckland   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
92 words

...Largest city, chief port, and region of New Zealand, lying on an isthmus on nw North Island. The port, built on land purchased from the Maoris in 1840 , handles around 60% of New Zealand's trade. The first immigrants arrived from Scotland in 1842 and in 1854 the first New Zealand parliament opened here. It remained the capital until 1865 . Within the city there are many volcanic cones. Industries: vehicle assembly, boatbuilding, footwear, food canning, chemicals. Auckland has the largest Polynesian population ( c .65,000) of any city in the...

Niue

Niue   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
70 words

...Island territory in the s Pacific Ocean, 2160km (1340mi) ne of New Zealand; the capital is Alofi. The largest coral island in the world, Niue was first visited by Europeans in 1774 . In 1901 , it was annexed to New Zealand. In 1974 it achieved self-government in free association with New Zealand. Its economy is mainly agricultural. The major export is coconut. Area: 260sq km (100sq mi). Pop. ( 2000 ) 2000...

North Island

North Island   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
74 words

...Island Smaller but more densely populated of the two main islands of New Zealand; separated from South Island by Cook Strait . The chief cities are Wellington , Auckland , and Hamilton. The island contains several mountain ranges, Lake Taupu (New Zealand's largest lake), fertile coastal plains, and numerous hot springs. Most of New Zealand's dairy produce comes from North Island. Industries: wood pulp and paper, mining, fishing. Area: 114,729sq km (44,297sq mi). Pop. ( 2001 )...

takahe

takahe   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
34 words

...Rare, flightless New Zealand bird, related to the rail and gallinule. Turkey-sized, it has a heavy, curved bill, a reddish shield on the forehead and bright, blue-green plumage. Family Rallidae; species Notornis mantelli...

Christchurch

Christchurch   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
39 words

...City on South Island, New Zealand; main town of Canterbury. It was founded as a Church of England settlement ( 1850 ). The University of Canterbury ( 1873 ) is here. Industries: fertilizers, rubber, woollen goods, electrical goods, furniture. Pop. ( 2001 )...

geyser

geyser   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
39 words

...Hot spring that erupts intermittently, throwing up jets of superheated water and steam to a height of c .60m (200ft), followed by a shaft of steam with a thunderous roar. Geysers occur in Iceland, New Zealand and the...

Waitangi, Treaty of

Waitangi, Treaty of (1840)   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
42 words

...Treaty of ( 1840 ) Pact between Britain and several New Zealand Maori tribes. The agreement protected and provided rights for Maoris, guaranteeing them possession of certain tracts of land, while permitting Britain formally to annex the islands and purchase other land...

kiwi

kiwi   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
39 words

...Any of three species of flightless, fast-running, forest and scrubland birds of New Zealand; especially the common brown kiwi, Apteryx australis . It has a long, flexible bill with which it probes for food in the ground. Family...

Oceania

Oceania   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
34 words

...Collective term applied to the islands in the central and s Pacific Ocean. It includes the islands of Melanesia , Micronesia , and Polynesia and, sometimes, Australasia (Australia and New Zealand) and the Malay...

Australasia

Australasia   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
83 words

...Region that includes Australia, New Zealand and Papua New Guinea. The term Australasia is inexact. It is sometimes used to include various Asian countries (usually Indonesia and Malaysia), or extended to include Pacific island groups and the Australian and New Zealand territories in Antarctica. Many botanists and zoologists use the term to mean the lands and seas to the e and s of Wallace's Line. The native flora and fauna on one side of the line differ from those on the...

Ross Dependency

Ross Dependency   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
42 words

...Dependency Region of Antarctica that includes Ross Island, the coast along the Ross Sea and nearby islands. It has been under the jurisdiction of New Zealand since 1923 . Area: land mass, c .415,000sq km (160,000sq mi); ice shelf, c .450,000sq km (174,000sq...

rush

rush   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
57 words

...Any of c .700 species of perennial tufted bog plants found in temperate regions. It has long, narrow leaves and small flowers crowded into dense clusters. The most familiar rush is Juncus effusus , found in Europe, Asia, North America, Australia, and New Zealand. It has brown flowers and ridged stems. Height: 30–152cm (1–5ft). Family...

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