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New Zealand

Subject: History

New Zealand now has one of the world's least regulated economies New Zealand consists of two main islands. The larger, South Island, is also the more mountainous, dominated by ...

New Zealand

New Zealand   Reference library

Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
2,256 words
Illustration(s):
1

...New Zealand writers, like Katherine Mansfield , frequently also went to Europe, as did many skilled workers. In World War I New Zealand contributed a division to the imperial war effort. It suffered heavy casualties, notably at Gallipoli during 1915 as part of the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps ( ANZAC ). Gallipoli became a national symbol, but substantially more New Zealanders fell on the western front. Most servicemen volunteered, but conscription was introduced in 1916 , opposition to it leading to the creation of the New Zealand Labour...

New Zealand

New Zealand   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
1,655 words
Illustration(s):
1

...under its new leader, Jacinda Ardern, and she was able to form a governing coalition with the support of New Zealand First and the Greens. Winston Peters, of New Zealand First became deputy prime minister and foreign minister. An indication of a different political agenda was new legislation granting paid leave to victims of domestic violence and the banning the sale of houses to foreign nationals, designed to calm an inflated housing market. Relations with Australia became more difficult, especially over the increasing numbers of New Zealanders who were...

New Zealand First Party

New Zealand First Party   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
260 words

...came through New Zealand’s system of proportional representation). It is very much a party in the image of its founder and leader. In the 2017 election, it overtook the Green Party, to become the third largest party in a result in which no party had a majority. Holding the balance of power, Peters backed a coalition with Labour under its new leader, Jacinda Ardern , rather than with the National Party. As a result he became deputy prime minister and Foreign Minister. In addition the ministries of defence and internal affairs went to New Zealand First...

Democratic Party, New Zealand

Democratic Party, New Zealand   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
186 words

...Democratic Party, New Zealand Founded in 1953 as the Social Credit Political League , which followed the social credit ideas of C. H. Douglas, whereby a recession was caused by a lack of purchasing power within the population. In 1966 , it gained 14.4 per cent of the popular vote, though because of New Zealand's first‐past‐the‐post electoral system it only gained one seat. It split in 1972 , and in 1985 acquired its current name. Its major significance in New Zealand politics derived from its function as an expression of protest against the two...

National Party, New Zealand

National Party, New Zealand   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
660 words

...National Party, New Zealand Contemporary history (up to 1986) Established as New Zealand's main conservative party by a merger of the United and Reform Parties in 1936 , it derived its support from rural areas and the wealthier suburbs. After World War II, it benefited from the Labour Party 's increasing association with wartime controls, industrial unrest, and economic austerity. Led by Holland , it achieved a majority in 1949 , but despite its greater emphasis on private enterprise, the party did not seek to undo Muldoon 's and Fraser 's welfare...

Labour Party, New Zealand

Labour Party, New Zealand   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
832 words

... became leader after the 2014 defeat. The polls ahead of the 2017 election showed that Labour was making little headway against the National Party. However, it performed strongly under another new leader, Jacinda Ardern , and she was able to form a governing coalition with the support of New Zealand First and the Greens. http://www.labour.org.nz/ New Zealand's Labour Party official...

Reform Party, New Zealand

Reform Party, New Zealand   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
150 words

...Reform Party, New Zealand A conservative political grouping formed in 1909 from various political reform leagues organized at local level from 1905 onwards, under the leadership of Massey . It retained its loose organization, being principally opposed to the professionalization of politics which had emerged under Seddon 's Liberal Party government, and which continued to develop with the Labour Party in 1916 . As a result, the party was little more than a vehicle to keep Massey in power. This became particularly problematic after his death, when the...

Liberal Party, New Zealand

Liberal Party, New Zealand   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
409 words

...Liberal Party, New Zealand The Liberal Party emerged from 1890 , representing those candidates who advocated a progressive (graduated) land and income tax instead of the current flat tax rate on property, and who opposed the unrestricted sale (rather than lease) of Crown (state) lands to settlers. The National Liberal Association was founded in 1890 , and the party received support from many pre-existing interest groups, such as the trades and labour councils. Candidates who supported its two key demands achieved a majority in the 1890 elections, helped by...

New Zealand First Party

New Zealand First Party  

A party created in 1993 by Winston Raymond Peters (b. 1941), after Peters had been expelled from the National Party caucus in 1993. In 1996 the party gained seventeen seats and joined a coalition ...
Democratic Party, New Zealand

Democratic Party, New Zealand  

Founded in 1953 as the Social Credit Political League, which followed the social credit ideas of C. H. Douglas, whereby a recession was caused by a lack of purchasing power within the population. In ...
Reform Party, New Zealand

Reform Party, New Zealand  

A conservative political grouping formed in 1909 from various political reform leagues organized at local level from 1905 onwards, under the leadership of Massey. It retained its loose organization, ...
National Party, New Zealand

National Party, New Zealand  

Contemporary history (up to 1986)Established as New Zealand's main conservative party by a merger of the United and Reform Parties in 1936, it derived its support from rural areas and the wealthier ...
Liberal Party, New Zealand

Liberal Party, New Zealand  

The Liberal Party emerged from 1890, representing those candidates who advocated a progressive (graduated) land and income tax instead of the current flat tax rate on property, and who opposed the ...
Joseph Gordon Coates

Joseph Gordon Coates  

(1878–1943)New Zealand statesman. He represented the interests of the rural poor, including the Maori. Though he was a member of the conservative Reform Party, he advanced the New Zealand tradition ...
George William Forbes

George William Forbes  

(1869–1947)New Zealand statesman. A Member of Parliament for the Liberal (later United) Party, Forbes succeeded the Prime Minister, J. G. Ward, in 1930. He attempted to meet the Depression by ...
Labour Party

Labour Party  

(New Zealand) A major political party in New Zealand. It was formed in 1910 out of the trade union movement but was rivalled by the militant Red Feds. Re‐formed in 1916, the Party supported ...
Jane Campion

Jane Campion  

(1954– )New Zealand film director and screenwriter, whose film The Piano (1993) is already regarded as a classic of the cinema.Born at Waikanae, New Zealand, and trained at the Australian Film ...
Sir Joseph George Ward

Sir Joseph George Ward  

(1856–1930)New Zealand statesman. A minister of the first and successive Liberal cabinets, he provided low‐interest credit to farmers. As Prime Minister (1906–12) and in coalition with William Massey ...
Sir Keith Jacka Holyoake

Sir Keith Jacka Holyoake  

(b. 11 Feb. 1904, d. 8 Dec. 1983).Prime Minister of New Zealand 1957, 1960–72A successful farmer from the area north of Wellington, he entered New Zealand politics in 1932 as an MP for the Reform ...
William Ferguson Massey

William Ferguson Massey  

(b. 26 Mar. 1856, d. 10 May 1925).Prime Minister of New Zealand 1912–25Early careerBorn in Limavady, Ulster (Ireland), he emigrated to New Zealand with his family in 1870 and settled at Tamaki. He ...

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