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Nadar

1820–1910), French photographer, and a central figure in the extraordinary expansion of photography in the mid‐19th century. An exact contemporary of Charles Nègre and Gustave Le ...

Nadar

Nadar (1820–1910)   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Literature in French

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
65 words

... (pseud. of Félix Tournachon ) ( 1820–1910 ). French photographer . He began as a writer of satirical sketches and a caricaturist. In 1853 he opened a photographic studio; here, influenced by contemporary research in physiognomy, he produced a remarkable series of portraits, including profound images of Nerval , Baudelaire , Desbordes‐Valmore , Hugo , and many other literary figures. Subsequently he invented aerial photography, working from a balloon. [ Peter France...

Richard Howard

Richard Howard  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1929–),Ohio-born poet, after an A.B. and M.A. from Columbia and study at the Sorbonne published his first collections, Quantities (1962) and The Damages (1967), followed by the Pulitzer ...
Jules Verne

Jules Verne  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1828–1905),French novelist, author of a long series of books combining adventure and popular science. Among his most successful stories are: Voyage au centre de la terre (1864, Journey to the Centre ...
Howard, Richard

Howard, Richard (1929–)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Companion to American Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002
Subject:
Literature
Length:
190 words

... Two-Part Inventions ( 1974 ) consists of six fictitious dialogues, such as one between Oscar Wilde and Whitman in the latter’s home. Misgivings ( 1979 ) contains commentaries of Sarah Bernhardt, Victor Hugo, and other subjects on their portraits by the French photographer Nadar, and Lining Up ( 1984 ) contains further dramatic monologues and dialogues. Alone with America ( 1969 ) is a prose work on 41 contemporary U.S. poets, and Preferences ( 1974 ) is his edition with commentary on works chosen by 51 contemporary American poets from their own...

photography

photography   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to English Literature (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature
Length:
180 words

...became highly fashionable in Europe and America in the mid‐19th century, with writers' portraits among the most popular subjects. In England, Julia Margaret Cameron ( 1815–79 ) photographed Alfred Tennyson , Robert Browning , Charles Darwin , and Thomas Carlyle . In France, Nadar ( Gaspard‐Félix Tournachon , ( 1820–1910 ) recorded all the great composers, artists, and writers of the era, including Honoré de Balzac , Victor Hugo , Charles Baudelaire , and Émile Zola . Many 20th‐century writers became proficient photographers: Leonid Andreev adopted...

Howard, Richard [Joseph]

Howard, Richard [Joseph] (1929)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to American Literature (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Literature
Length:
178 words

...Inventions ( 1974 ) consists of six fictitious dialogues, such as one between Oscar Wilde and Whitman in the latter's home. Misgivings ( 1979 ) contains commentaries of Sarah Bernhardt , Victor Hugo , and other subjects on their portraits by the French photographer Nadar , while Lining Up ( 1984 ) contains further dramatic monologues and dialogues of the same genre. Alone with America ( 1969 ) is a prose work on 41 contemporary U.S. poets, and Preferences ( 1974 ) is his edition with commentary on works chosen by 51 contemporary American...

Photography

Photography   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Literature in French

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
463 words

...Niépce ( 1765–1833 ) who in the 1820s, cooperating with Daguerre , developed the process from which modern photography derives. In the 19th c. the new invention was used in France as elsewhere to record aspects of reality. It had its greatest success in portraiture [ see Nadar ], but also served to depict exotic places ( Du Camp left memorable images of the Egypt he visited with Flaubert ) or to record social reality closer to home. Scientists used the camera to investigate movement—a development which contributed to the invention of the cinematograph...

Verne, Jules

Verne, Jules (1828–1905)   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Literature in French

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
724 words

...appeared in the Musée in 1852 , and Verne abandoned his studies, though his success in theatre was slight: on his marriage in 1857 he bought into a financial agency in Paris. In 1859 and 1861 he visited Scotland and Norway with Hignard, and in 1862 his friendship with Nadar led him to write the story which, revised on the publisher Hetzel 's advice, was serialized in 1862 and published in volume form in 1863 as Cinq semaines en ballon . Success was immediate, and Hetzel retained Verne as a regular contributor to the Magasin d'éducation et de...

VERNE, Jules

VERNE, Jules (1828–1905)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Children's Literature (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Children's literature studies
Length:
629 words

...for the legal profession himself, but, as a young man living in Paris, began to have some small success as a playwright. He became a stockbroker and meanwhile wrote Cinq Semaines en ballon ( Five Weeks in a Balloon , 1863 ), which was suggested by the project of his friend ‘Nadar’ (Feliz Tournachon) to ascend in a huge gas balloon. Verne wrote the story at his club, because the crying of his baby son annoyed him. The novel was accepted by the publisher Hetzel, who wanted serials for a new journal, the Magasin d’éducation et de récréation . Voyage au...

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