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Nadar

1820–1910), French photographer, and a central figure in the extraordinary expansion of photography in the mid‐19th century. An exact contemporary of Charles Nègre and Gustave Le ...

Nadar

Nadar (1820–1910)   Reference library

Sylvie Aubenas

The Oxford Companion to the Photograph

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
538 words

...Nadar was also a pioneer in the field of aerial photography ( 1858 ) and photography by artificial light ( 1861 in the Paris catacombs, 1864–5 in the sewers). His main interest in the 1860s was aerial navigation, and he put much time and money into a balloon aptly named Le Géant . After the 1870s Nadar no longer played a significant role in photography, and let his son run the business. His exceptional longevity gave him time to work up his memories and become a living legend and an oracle for early photohistorians. SA Sylvie Aubenas Nadar, F. , ...

Nadar, Paul

Nadar, Paul (1856–1939)   Reference library

Kelley E. Wilder

The Oxford Companion to the Photograph

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
118 words

..., Paul ( 1856–1939 ), French photographer , son of Félix Nadar , whose studio he inherited. Known for his inventive approach to photography, he became famous after collaborating with his father in interviewing the chemist Chevreul on his 100th birthday, 31 August 1886 . Paul photographed Félix interviewing Chevreul, combining the photographs not only with transcriptions of the dialogue, but with a sound recording using Clément Ader's ( 1841–1925 ) phonophone. It was published in Le Journal illustré on 5 September 1886 , with twelve...

Nadar

Nadar  

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1820–1910), French photographer,and a central figure in the extraordinary expansion of photography in the mid‐19th century. An exact contemporary of Charles Nègre and Gustave Le Gray, this son of ...
Paul Nadar

Paul Nadar  

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(1856–1939), French photographer,son of Félix Nadar, whose studio he inherited. Known for his inventive approach to photography, he became famous after collaborating with his father in interviewing ...
Étienne Carjat

Étienne Carjat  

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(1828–1906), French portrait photographerof literary and artistic celebrities (Baudelaire, Corot, Courbet, Hugo, Zola, et al.), although also well known for his caricatures and writings. His career ...
photo-essay

photo-essay  

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Occasionally, photographers have captured a single event in sequential form: for example, Paul Nadar's photographs of the interview between the centenarian chemist Chevreul and Félix Nadar (1886), ...
Guillaume Duchenne de Boulogne

Guillaume Duchenne de Boulogne  

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(1806–75), French doctor and photographer.A noted neurologist associated with the Salpêtrière hospital in Paris, he wrote one of the most striking works of early ‘scientific’ photography. The way in ...
Auguste Lumière

Auguste Lumière  

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(1862–1954) and(1864–1948), French inventors.As well as earning lasting fame from the worldwide exhibition of their Cinématographe moving‐picture system in 1895–8, the Lumière brothers made notable ...
underground photography

underground photography  

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Photographing in caves, mines, and other structures beyond the penetration of daylight is closely tied to the development of artificial light and flash, some of which was designed specifically for ...
military photography

military photography  

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Photography carried out for military purposes by service personnel or civilian auxiliaries. Although often treated as synonymous with war photography, the latter has concentrated more on actual ...
Salon de l'Escalier

Salon de l'Escalier  

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An exhibition of modern photography and its precursors in the stairway gallery of the Théâtre des Champs‐Élysées, Paris, in May–June 1928. It was organized by the editor of L'Art vivant ...
celebrity photography

celebrity photography  

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The idea of using photography to disseminate images of famous men and women is as old as the medium itself. From the rise of the daguerreotype in the 1840s, astute ...
performing arts and photography

performing arts and photography  

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For obvious technical reasons, photography of dramatic, dance, or musical performances was impossible during the medium's early history. But demand for photography of performers, along with those of ...
photojournalism

photojournalism  

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A photographic genre characterized by the intention to communicate information about a topical event and by the immediacy of its images. It has generated many ‘*iconic’ photographs. See also decisive ...
aerial photography

aerial photography  

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(AP)[Te]A form of remote sensing that involves the detection and photographic recording of sites from satellites, aircraft, or balloons. Amongst other things such studies can help to understand the ...
literature and photography

literature and photography  

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Literature welcomed photography in 1839. Notwithstanding its potentially universal appeal and infinite documentary and imaginative possibilities, photography (writing with light, etymologically) ...
nude photography

nude photography  

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To 1920It seems likely, though not absolutely certain, that the first nude photograph was taken almost immediately after the medium was born. At all events, the optician Nicolas Lerebours ...
portraiture

portraiture  

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The fashion for hanging portraits of family and friends developed in the reign of Elizabeth I (1558–1603). Few families have portraits of ancestors before the 18th and 19th centuries, however, when ...
Edgar Degas

Edgar Degas  

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(1834–1917)French painter, graphic artist, and sculptor, one of the outstanding figures of Impressionism. He exhibited at seven out of the eight Impressionist exhibitions, but he stood somewhat aloof ...
Salon de l'Escalier

Salon de l'Escalier   Reference library

Robin Lenman

The Oxford Companion to the Photograph

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
94 words

...organized by the editor of L'Art vivant , Florent Fels, and the publisher Lucien Vogel in protest against what they regarded as the conservatism of mainstream shows. The exhibits included work by Man Ray , Abbott , Kertész , Outerbridge , and Hoyningen‐Huene , but also Nadar and Atget . Vogel's participation ensured plentiful publicity, and the exhibition heralded further, regular exhibitions at venues such as the Galérie de la Pléiade. RL Robin...

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