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Maya Angelou

Subject: Literature

1928– ) Black US writer, whose status as a national icon was confirmed by her reading one of her poems, ‘On the Pulse of the Morning’, at President Clinton's inauguration in ...

Angelou, Maya

Angelou, Maya (4 April 1928)   Reference library

Black Women in America (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
2,085 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Maya Angelou’s re-creation of the autobiography enhanced the breadth and scope of the American literary canon. Bibliography Angelou, Maya . Gather Together in My Name . New York: Random House, 1974. Angelou, Maya . The Heart of a Woman . New York: Random House, 1981. Angelou, Maya . I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings . New York: Random House, 1970. Angelou, Maya . Singin’ and Swingin’ and Getting’ Merry Like Christmas . New York: Random House, 1976. Angelou, Maya . A Song Flung Up to Heaven . New York: Random House, 2002. Bloom, Harold , ed. Maya Angelou,...

Angelou, Maya

Angelou, Maya (b. 4 April 1928)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of African American History 1896 to the Present

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,879 words

...“hypnotic”—she “performs, lectures, scolds, and teaches” (p. 7). Angelou is an exceptionally talented, skilled, and accessible author, speaker, and performer. [ See also Actors and Actresses ; Literature ; Roots ; and Southern Christian Leadership Conference .] Bibliography Angelou, Maya . The Collected Autobiographies of Maya Angelou . New York: Modern Library, 2004. Includes the full texts of the six autobiographies. Angelou, Maya . The Complete Collected Poems of Maya Angelou . New York: Random House, 1994. Thirty-eight poems from Just Give Me a...

Angelou, Maya

Angelou, Maya (1928)   Reference library

Dictionary of African Biography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,302 words

...Journal . Angelou published another cookbook, Great Food, All Day Long: Cook Splendidly, Eat Smart , in 2010 . bibliography Braxton, Joanne M. Maya Angelou’s I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings: A Case Book . New York: Oxford University Press, 1999. Lupton, Mary Jane . Maya Angelou: A Critical Companion . Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1998. Lupton, Mary Jane . “ Spinning in a Whirlwind: Sexuality in Maya Angelou’s Sixth Autobiography .” MAWA Review 18(2003): 1–6. McPherson, Dolly A. Order Out of Chaos: The Autobiographical Works of Maya Angelou . New...

Guy, Rosa Cuthbert

Guy, Rosa Cuthbert (1922–2012)   Reference library

Corinna M. McLeod

Dictionary of Caribbean and Afro–Latin American Biography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
629 words

...Guy took part in On Guard’s famous protest, at the United Nations, of the American 1961 invasion of Cuba. In the late 1950s and early 1960s, she was also an active supporter of the Congolese leader Patrice Lumumba, who was assassinated in 1961 . Along with the author Maya Angelou and he singer Abbey Lincoln, Guy was a committed member in the Cultural Association for Women of African Heritage, a civil rights organization with its membership drawn from artists and entertainers. Rosa Guy wrote her first play, Venetian Blinds , in 1954 . Her first two...

Marshall, Paule

Marshall, Paule (1929– )   Reference library

Katrina Myers Caldwell

Dictionary of Caribbean and Afro–Latin American Biography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,162 words

...class oppression that this society generates. Marshall helped shape a postwar black feminist literary tradition. She is one of several black women who began writing during the late 1940s and 1950s and essentially paved the way for authors like Toni Cade Bambara, Audre Lorde, Maya Angelou, and Alice Walker. She produced socially relevant art that contested mainstream expectations of a black woman’s place in society. She also wrote about the power of black women’s individual and collective action in overcoming their social conditions. Her art served an important...

Moore, Carlos

Moore, Carlos (1942– )   Reference library

Marzia Milazzo

Dictionary of Caribbean and Afro–Latin American Biography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
717 words

...money but a place where I would finally be treated decently.” Once in Harlem, however, through personal experiences, involvement with the political left through organizations like the Fair Play for Cuba Committee (FPCC), and friendships with intellectuals and artists such as Maya Angelou and Abbey Lincoln, Moore came to realize that the United States was far from being a racial paradise. In 1961 , now naively believing that the revolution had radically improved racial conditions in Cuba, Moore returned to his country, where he worked for the Ministry of...

Autobiography

Autobiography   Reference library

Heidi E. Bollinger

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Cultural and Intellectual History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...denied by the institution of slavery. The slave narrative, with its themes of self-definition and racial uplift, has influenced successive African American autobiographies including Booker T. Washington's Up from Slavery ( 1901 ), Richard Wright's Black Boy ( 1945 ), Maya Angelou's I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings ( 1969 ), and Barack Obama's Dreams from My Father ( 1995 ). In the twentieth century, literary modernism and postmodernism influenced autobiography significantly, resulting in the production of texts that depart from conventional...

John, Errol

John, Errol (1924–1988)   Reference library

Anne Margaret Castro and Ifeoma Kiddoe Nwankwo

Dictionary of Caribbean and Afro–Latin American Biography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,143 words

...Workshop staged John’s play for the first time in Trinidad in 1968 , where it has since continued to be regularly taught and performed. Other prominent productions of Moon include the 1962 New York premiere starring James Earl Jones and a 1988 London revival directed by Maya Angelou. John also wrote and starred in the 1963 television drama The Dawn , written for the BBC, in which he played an African American Harvard graduate and writer sent to Africa to get a story about black nationalism. In 1968 he played the leading role in another of his own...

Senior, Olive Marjorie

Senior, Olive Marjorie (1941– )   Reference library

Dorsia Smith Silva

Dictionary of Caribbean and Afro–Latin American Biography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,176 words

...strong, though, and she has continued to visit Jamaica on a yearly basis. In addition, she has sustained her significant cultural connections by frequently using Jamaica as a central focus in her texts. The short-story collection Quartet ( 1994 ) contains stories by Senior, Maya Angelou, Alice Walker, and Lorna Goodison. Senior’s contributions again used the Jamaican setting, as did her next collection of short stories, Discerner of Hearts ( 1995 ). Quartet received positive reviews, but it was overshadowed by the accolades bestowed upon Discerner of...

Nunez, Elizabeth

Nunez, Elizabeth (1944– )   Reference library

Maria Grazia Sindoni

Dictionary of Caribbean and Afro–Latin American Biography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,153 words

...funding from the National Endowment for the Humanities, Reed Foundation, and Nathan Cummings Foundation. From 1986 to 2000 , she directed the National Black Writers Conference, whose panelists have included outstanding black authors, such as Derek Walcott, Alice Walker, and Maya Angelou. She was also chair of the PEN American Open Book Committee, whose aim is to facilitate access to the publishing industry for black people, for example, with the launch of the PEN Beyond Margins Award. Her interest in the world of contemporary book publishing culture has also...

Renaissance, African

Renaissance, African   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of African Thought

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Regional and National History, Philosophy
Length:
2,521 words

...perspective, then, is an epic story of the rise of a once enslaved people across the globe. It is a continuing revolution that unfolds toward the total liberation of people of African origin in the political, economic, cultural, educational, technological, and social spheres. Maya Angelou’s poem, “Still I Rise,” read at the 1992 inauguration of U.S. president Bill Clinton, expresses a central motif on the African Renaissance—the inexorable rise of people of African descent universally: Just like moons and like suns, With the certainty of tides, Just like...

Literature and Criticism

Literature and Criticism   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of African Thought

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Regional and National History, Philosophy
Length:
13,550 words

...Octavia E. Butler, a prolific speculative-fiction novelist and the mother of Afro-futurism, combined meditations on race, gender, class, and history, for which she won Nebula, Hugo, and McArthur Genius awards. With the election of President Bill Clinton, the poet and essayist Maya Angelou became the first presidential poet laureate. The best known and most acclaimed among these writers is the novelist and critic Toni Morrison, a winner of the National Book Award and the Pulitzer Prize, and the first African American Nobel laureate ( 1993 ). Morrison’s interest...

Snipes, Wesley

Snipes, Wesley (b. 31 July 1962)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of African American History 1896 to the Present

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
392 words

... ( 1998 ) and Blade 2 ( 2002 ), in which he played a vampire slayer. In addition to his acting abilities, Snipes also created a production company, Amen Ra Films, which has produced a number of projects including the Blade films; Down in the Delta ( 1998 ), directed by Maya Angelou ; and John Henrik Clarke: A Great and Mighty Walk ( 1996 ), which chronicles the life of the pioneering authority on African and Afro-Caribbean studies. John Henrik Clarke gained critical acclaim at the Sundance Film Festival in 1997 and won the Grand Jury Prize for Best...

Gordone, Charles Edward

Gordone, Charles Edward (b. 12 October 1925)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of African American History 1896 to the Present

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
594 words

...directed the plays Rebels and Bugs ( 1958 ) and Faust ( 1959 ). Gordone married Jeanne Warner in 1959 , and they eventually had two children. He had his next prominent acting role from 1961 to 1965 in The Blacks , which featured the notable African American actors Maya Angelou , James Earl Jones , and Cicely Tyson . During this same period, Gordone cofounded with Godfrey Cambridge the Committee for the Employment of Negro Performers in 1962 . Building on his experience as a waiter in Greenwich Village, Gordone wrote No Place To Be Somebody . The...

Height, Dorothy

Height, Dorothy (b. 24 March 1912)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of African American History 1896 to the Present

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
682 words

....] Bibliography Collier-Thomas, Bettye , and V. P. Franklin , eds. Sisters in the Struggle: African American Women in the Civil Rights–Black Power Movement . New York: New York University Press, 2001. Height, Dorothy . Open Wide the Freedom Gates: A Memoir . Foreword by Maya Angelou. New York: Public Affairs, 2003. — Stephanie...

Taylor, Susan

Taylor, Susan (b. 23 January 1946)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of African American History 1896 to the Present

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
695 words

...community activism as tools for black women's empowerment. The early Essence magazine, launched during the nascent stages of the so-called black woman's literary renaissance—a movement that saw an explosion of publications by writers such as Alice Walker , Toni Morrison , Maya Angelou , and Toni Cade Bambara —featured articles on politics, beauty, health, and parenting. It also introduced and showcased famous African American writers, artists, and politicians, moving beyond a narrow focus on beauty concerns and offering access to literary, political, and...

Woodard, Alfre

Woodard, Alfre (8 November 1953)   Reference library

Black Women in America (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,012 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Golden Globe nomination; The Piano Lesson ( 1995 ), for which she received an Emmy nomination and a Screen Actors Guild Best Actress Award; Miss Evers’ Boys ( 1997 ), which resulted in an Emmy, a Golden Globe, and a SAG Award; and Down in the Delta ( 1998 ), directed by Maya Angelou . It seems as though every time she appears on screen, Woodard is nominated for—and frequently wins—an award. Woodard was also nominated for a 2003 Emmy Award for her performance on the television series The Practice . In addition to her film and television work, Woodard...

Million Man March

Million Man March   Reference library

Encyclopedia of African American History 1896 to the Present

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
930 words

... march, however, had placed specific demands on Congress—for example, the need for civil rights legislation—whereas the Million Man March chose not to follow this tradition. Prominent speakers included: the U.S. congressmen Charles Rangel and Donald Payne , Rosa Parks , Maya Angelou , Cornel West , Jesse Jackson , Benjamin Chavis , Stevie Wonder , Issac Hayes , the Baltimore mayor Kurt Schmoke , the Washington, D.C., mayor Marion Barry , and Dorothy Height . A number of young, previously unknown voices such as Ayene Baptiste also spoke movingly to...

Norman, Jessye

Norman, Jessye (15 September 1945)   Reference library

Black Women in America (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
848 words

...later her collaboration with the choreographer Bill T. Jones , How! Do! We! Do! , opened in New York as part of Lincoln Center’s Great Performers New Visions series. In 2000 she premiered the song cycle woman.life.song composed by Judith Weir to texts by Morrison, Maya Angelou , and Clarissa Pinkola Estés . In July 2003 she provided a musical complement to the film 7th November by the artist Steve McQueen at the Tate Gallery in London as part of the performance series Tate and Egg Live. Her recordings include Mythodea by Vangelis and I Was...

Simpson, Valerie

Simpson, Valerie (26 August 1948)   Reference library

Black Women in America (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
845 words
Illustration(s):
1

...the soundtrack of the motion picture The Bodyguard . Simpson’s career also included many roles as a commercial singer, as well as a back-up singer for Paul Simon and Steely Dan . Simpson appeared as a guest DJ for Kiss FM in New York and released an album with novelist Maya Angelou in 1996 . Throughout her forty-year career as a songwriter, singer, and producer, Simpson established a strong reputation in the entertainment industry. Along with her husband, she created an extraordinary body of work that included dozens of hit singles. Together Simpson...

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