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Maya Angelou

Subject: Literature

1928– ) Black US writer, whose status as a national icon was confirmed by her reading one of her poems, ‘On the Pulse of the Morning’, at President Clinton's inauguration in ...

Angelou, Maya

Angelou, Maya (4 April 1928)   Reference library

Black Women in America (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
2,085 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Maya Angelou’s re-creation of the autobiography enhanced the breadth and scope of the American literary canon. Bibliography Angelou, Maya . Gather Together in My Name . New York: Random House, 1974. Angelou, Maya . The Heart of a Woman . New York: Random House, 1981. Angelou, Maya . I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings . New York: Random House, 1970. Angelou, Maya . Singin’ and Swingin’ and Getting’ Merry Like Christmas . New York: Random House, 1976. Angelou, Maya . A Song Flung Up to Heaven . New York: Random House, 2002. Bloom, Harold , ed. Maya Angelou,...

Angelou, Maya

Angelou, Maya (b. 4 April 1928)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of African American History 1896 to the Present

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,879 words

...“hypnotic”—she “performs, lectures, scolds, and teaches” (p. 7). Angelou is an exceptionally talented, skilled, and accessible author, speaker, and performer. [ See also Actors and Actresses ; Literature ; Roots ; and Southern Christian Leadership Conference .] Bibliography Angelou, Maya . The Collected Autobiographies of Maya Angelou . New York: Modern Library, 2004. Includes the full texts of the six autobiographies. Angelou, Maya . The Complete Collected Poems of Maya Angelou . New York: Random House, 1994. Thirty-eight poems from Just Give Me a...

Angelou, Maya

Angelou, Maya (b. 1928)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Women in World History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History
Length:
727 words

...1991. Braxton, Joanne M. “A Song of Transcendence: Maya Angelou.” In her Black Women Writing Autobiography: A Tradition within a Tradition , pp. 181–201. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1989. Braxton, Joanne M. “Symbolic Geography and Psychic Landscapes: A Conversation with Maya Angelou.” In Maya Angelou's “I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings”: A Casebook , edited by Joanne M. Braxton , pp. 3–20. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999. Tate, Claudia . “Maya Angelou: An Interview.” In Maya Angelou's “I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings”: A Casebook ,...

Angelou, Maya

Angelou, Maya (1928–2014)   Quick reference

Who's Who in the Twentieth Century

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
History
Length:
266 words

..., Maya ( Marguerita Johnson ; 1928–2014 ) Black US writer, whose status as a national icon was confirmed by her reading one of her poems, ‘On the Pulse of the Morning’, at President Clinton 's inauguration in 1993 . Born in St Louis, Missouri, she adopted her brother's pet name for her, Maya, and the surname of her first husband, who was of Greek descent. Raped at eight, knifed by her father's mistress, and a mother at sixteen, she was brought up in Arkansas and California. Maya Angelou is best known for the first volume of her autobiography, I...

Angelou, Maya

Angelou, Maya (1928)   Reference library

Dictionary of African Biography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,302 words

...Journal . Angelou published another cookbook, Great Food, All Day Long: Cook Splendidly, Eat Smart , in 2010 . bibliography Braxton, Joanne M. Maya Angelou’s I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings: A Case Book . New York: Oxford University Press, 1999. Lupton, Mary Jane . Maya Angelou: A Critical Companion . Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1998. Lupton, Mary Jane . “ Spinning in a Whirlwind: Sexuality in Maya Angelou’s Sixth Autobiography .” MAWA Review 18(2003): 1–6. McPherson, Dolly A. Order Out of Chaos: The Autobiographical Works of Maya Angelou . New...

Guy, Rosa Cuthbert

Guy, Rosa Cuthbert (1922–2012)   Reference library

Corinna M. McLeod

Dictionary of Caribbean and Afro–Latin American Biography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
629 words

...Guy took part in On Guard’s famous protest, at the United Nations, of the American 1961 invasion of Cuba. In the late 1950s and early 1960s, she was also an active supporter of the Congolese leader Patrice Lumumba, who was assassinated in 1961 . Along with the author Maya Angelou and he singer Abbey Lincoln, Guy was a committed member in the Cultural Association for Women of African Heritage, a civil rights organization with its membership drawn from artists and entertainers. Rosa Guy wrote her first play, Venetian Blinds , in 1954 . Her first two...

Marshall, Paule

Marshall, Paule (1929– )   Reference library

Katrina Myers Caldwell

Dictionary of Caribbean and Afro–Latin American Biography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,162 words

...class oppression that this society generates. Marshall helped shape a postwar black feminist literary tradition. She is one of several black women who began writing during the late 1940s and 1950s and essentially paved the way for authors like Toni Cade Bambara, Audre Lorde, Maya Angelou, and Alice Walker. She produced socially relevant art that contested mainstream expectations of a black woman’s place in society. She also wrote about the power of black women’s individual and collective action in overcoming their social conditions. Her art served an important...

Moore, Carlos

Moore, Carlos (1942– )   Reference library

Marzia Milazzo

Dictionary of Caribbean and Afro–Latin American Biography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
717 words

...money but a place where I would finally be treated decently.” Once in Harlem, however, through personal experiences, involvement with the political left through organizations like the Fair Play for Cuba Committee (FPCC), and friendships with intellectuals and artists such as Maya Angelou and Abbey Lincoln, Moore came to realize that the United States was far from being a racial paradise. In 1961 , now naively believing that the revolution had radically improved racial conditions in Cuba, Moore returned to his country, where he worked for the Ministry of...

Autobiography

Autobiography   Reference library

Heidi E. Bollinger

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Cultural and Intellectual History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...denied by the institution of slavery. The slave narrative, with its themes of self-definition and racial uplift, has influenced successive African American autobiographies including Booker T. Washington's Up from Slavery ( 1901 ), Richard Wright's Black Boy ( 1945 ), Maya Angelou's I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings ( 1969 ), and Barack Obama's Dreams from My Father ( 1995 ). In the twentieth century, literary modernism and postmodernism influenced autobiography significantly, resulting in the production of texts that depart from conventional...

John, Errol

John, Errol (1924–1988)   Reference library

Anne Margaret Castro and Ifeoma Kiddoe Nwankwo

Dictionary of Caribbean and Afro–Latin American Biography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,143 words

...Workshop staged John’s play for the first time in Trinidad in 1968 , where it has since continued to be regularly taught and performed. Other prominent productions of Moon include the 1962 New York premiere starring James Earl Jones and a 1988 London revival directed by Maya Angelou. John also wrote and starred in the 1963 television drama The Dawn , written for the BBC, in which he played an African American Harvard graduate and writer sent to Africa to get a story about black nationalism. In 1968 he played the leading role in another of his own...

Senior, Olive Marjorie

Senior, Olive Marjorie (1941– )   Reference library

Dorsia Smith Silva

Dictionary of Caribbean and Afro–Latin American Biography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,176 words

...strong, though, and she has continued to visit Jamaica on a yearly basis. In addition, she has sustained her significant cultural connections by frequently using Jamaica as a central focus in her texts. The short-story collection Quartet ( 1994 ) contains stories by Senior, Maya Angelou, Alice Walker, and Lorna Goodison. Senior’s contributions again used the Jamaican setting, as did her next collection of short stories, Discerner of Hearts ( 1995 ). Quartet received positive reviews, but it was overshadowed by the accolades bestowed upon Discerner of...

Nunez, Elizabeth

Nunez, Elizabeth (1944– )   Reference library

Maria Grazia Sindoni

Dictionary of Caribbean and Afro–Latin American Biography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,153 words

...funding from the National Endowment for the Humanities, Reed Foundation, and Nathan Cummings Foundation. From 1986 to 2000 , she directed the National Black Writers Conference, whose panelists have included outstanding black authors, such as Derek Walcott, Alice Walker, and Maya Angelou. She was also chair of the PEN American Open Book Committee, whose aim is to facilitate access to the publishing industry for black people, for example, with the launch of the PEN Beyond Margins Award. Her interest in the world of contemporary book publishing culture has also...

Renaissance, African

Renaissance, African   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of African Thought

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Regional and National History, Philosophy
Length:
2,521 words

...perspective, then, is an epic story of the rise of a once enslaved people across the globe. It is a continuing revolution that unfolds toward the total liberation of people of African origin in the political, economic, cultural, educational, technological, and social spheres. Maya Angelou’s poem, “Still I Rise,” read at the 1992 inauguration of U.S. president Bill Clinton, expresses a central motif on the African Renaissance—the inexorable rise of people of African descent universally: Just like moons and like suns, With the certainty of tides, Just like...

Literature and Criticism

Literature and Criticism   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of African Thought

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Regional and National History, Philosophy
Length:
13,550 words

...Octavia E. Butler, a prolific speculative-fiction novelist and the mother of Afro-futurism, combined meditations on race, gender, class, and history, for which she won Nebula, Hugo, and McArthur Genius awards. With the election of President Bill Clinton, the poet and essayist Maya Angelou became the first presidential poet laureate. The best known and most acclaimed among these writers is the novelist and critic Toni Morrison, a winner of the National Book Award and the Pulitzer Prize, and the first African American Nobel laureate ( 1993 ). Morrison’s interest...

incest

incest  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
The criminal offence of an act of penetration (penetrating or allowing to be penetrated) between close family members, which generally includes a lineal ancestor, lineal descendant, sibling or ...
Joe Louis

Joe Louis  

1914–1981)US boxer, known as ‘The Brown Bomber’, and world heavyweight champion (1937–49).Born at Lexington, Alabama, Joe Louis was a Golden Gloves champion and turned professional in 1934. Within ...
North Carolina

North Carolina  

In the early twenty-first century Latinos and Latinas represent the largest foreign-born population in North Carolina, and their numbers are growing rapidly in the state. What is the relative size ...
Cicely Tyson

Cicely Tyson  

(b. 19 December 1933), actor.Three-time Emmy Award winner Cicely Tyson was an actress, humanitarian, and activist. She was a woman who exuded strength and dignity and personified excellence, much ...
Alfre Woodard

Alfre Woodard  

(b. 8 November 1953), actor.Alfre Woodard is an actor’s actor. She can play a lead or a supporting character with equal ease. She has played doctors, drug addicts, social ...
Snipes, Wesley

Snipes, Wesley (b. 31 July 1962)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of African American History 1896 to the Present

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
392 words

... ( 1998 ) and Blade 2 ( 2002 ), in which he played a vampire slayer. In addition to his acting abilities, Snipes also created a production company, Amen Ra Films, which has produced a number of projects including the Blade films; Down in the Delta ( 1998 ), directed by Maya Angelou ; and John Henrik Clarke: A Great and Mighty Walk ( 1996 ), which chronicles the life of the pioneering authority on African and Afro-Caribbean studies. John Henrik Clarke gained critical acclaim at the Sundance Film Festival in 1997 and won the Grand Jury Prize for Best...

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