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Joking Apart

A: Alan Ayckbourn Pf: 1978, Scarborough Pb: 1979 G: Com. in ...

local legends

local legends   Quick reference

A Dictionary of English Folklore

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003

...legends . The most common folk narratives in England (apart from jokes) are stories about remarkable events in the history of a particular locality, the supposed origins of its landmarks and place-names, curious features of its buildings, etc. Their contents range across the whole spectrum of traditional themes, from the realistic, through the amazing-but-not-impossible (e.g. the Hangman 's Stone), to supernatural beliefs now outmoded (the Devil , fairies ), or still current ( ghosts , curses ). Some are so plausible that only experience can show...

Lǐ Bái

Lǐ Bái (701–762 ce)   Reference library

Tao Tao LIU

The Berkshire Dictionary of Chinese Biography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
History, Regional and National History, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
5,498 words
Illustration(s):
4

...poems about the experience. Du Fu expressed great admiration for Li and spoke of him most warmly later, as in the poem “Thinking of Li Bai on a Day in Spring” 春日忆李白 ‎: Bai, the poet unrivalled, In fancy’s realm you soar alone. One poem allegedly written by Li Bai titled “A Joke for Du Fu” 戏赠杜甫 ‎, Since we last met, you have become too thin, It must be that you worked too hard upon your poems. (Translation by the author) This is sometimes seen as Li being condescending to the younger poet. This poem, however, is generally believed to be a fake since...

Dù Fǔ

Dù Fǔ (712–770 ce)   Reference library

Tao Tao LIU

The Berkshire Dictionary of Chinese Biography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
History, Regional and National History, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
5,158 words
Illustration(s):
2

...than the other way around. In fact, one poem by Li Bai to Du Fu has been offered as evidence that Li was condescending to the younger poet: Since we last met, you have become too thin, It must be that you worked too hard upon your poems. (Translation by the author) This poem “A joke for Du Fu” 戏赠杜甫 ‎, however, is generally looked at with some skepticism because it appears in a collection of anecdotes about Li and because Li did not have a reputation for using such a condescending tone with his friends. Whatever the nature of their relationship, the fact...

Musical theater

Musical theater   Reference library

Geoffrey Block, Kate Van Winkle Keller, Anne Dhu McLucas, Sandra Jean Graham, Orly Leah Krasner, Todd Decker, Paul R. Laird, Jessica Sternfeld, Garrett Eisler, John Koegel, Nancy Rao, Charles Hamm, and William A. Everett

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
15,860 words
Illustration(s):
3

...Immigrant Scene: Ethnic Amusements in New York, 1880–1920 (Minneapolis, MN, 2008) T. Hischak : The Oxford Companion to the American Musical: Theatre, Film, and Television (New York, 2008) J. Kenrick : Musical Theatre: a History (New York, 2008) S. Patinkin : “No Legs, No Jokes, No Chance”: a History of the American Musical Theatre (Evanston, IL, 2008) J. Koegel : Music in German Immigrant Theater: New York City, 1840–1940 (Rochester, NY, 2009) G.M. Rodger : Champagne Charlie and Pretty Jemima: Variety Theater in the Nineteenth Century (Urbana,...

Native American music

Native American music   Reference library

Bruno Nettl, Victoria Lindsay Levine, Bryan Burton, Gertrude Prokosch Kurath, and Victoria Lindsay Levine

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
16,585 words
Illustration(s):
11

...Another social dance, the Forty-Nine, takes place late at night after the powwow has ended. In this dance, which is mainly for young people, participants dance in concentric circles around the singers. Humor plays an integral role in American Indian dance events, in public jokes told by a master of ceremonies, in more private interactions among family and friends, and in the performance of dancers known in English as clowns. Operating through symbolic reversals, ceremonial clowns reinforce social expectations by displaying incorrect behavior. Humor lifts...

Orishas

Orishas   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Africa

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010

...Eleguá is a trickster and causes many problems, such as car trouble or other problems in travel, or inexplicable confusions. He is the orisha of choices, and he must be propitiated first, before all other orishas, so that he is kept content and so that he does not play disruptive jokes. Although considered dangerous, he is something of a childlike orisha in that he likes toys and candy. He manifests in his devotees at tambors, is taken along on vacations, and is kept close to his keepers—inside the house behind the door to guard the home, where practitioners can...

Swahili Civilization

Swahili Civilization   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Africa

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies, History, Regional and National History
Length:
4,892 words
Illustration(s):
1

...memory of the days of slavery set them apart from most of the peoples of the new countries of which they unwillingly became citizens. Yet in the face of these events the Swahili people themselves have retained their pride, their notable abilities as merchants and entrepreneurs, and their religion. Despite the decline of commerce, wealth, and power, and in many towns the insulting subjection to the demands of the tourist industry, they regard their own unique mercantile civilization as persisting and setting them apart from the surrounding world, giving sense...

Billings, William

Billings, William (7 Oct 1746)   Reference library

Karl Kroeger

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
5,256 words

...with four new verses by Billings including the line: “And gen’rals yield to beardless boys.” Billings's sense of humor is shown in his literary satire in the introduction (“An Historical Account of G. Gamut”) and mock dedication (“To the Goddess of Discord”), and in his musical joke, “Jargon,” in which he deliberately misapplied the rules of composition to produce a work of unresolved dissonance. The Singing Master's Assistant also includes a variety of music in other moods, such as the lyrical anthem “I Am the Rose of Sharon”; the majestic psalm tune...

Gospel music

Gospel music   Reference library

Stephen Shearon, Harry Eskew, James C. Downey, Stephen Shearon, and Robert Darden

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
18,026 words
Illustration(s):
6

...made particularly important contributions to the development of gospel hymnody. Alexander introduced a new informality to revival services, leading the singing with wide sweeping arm motions, using a piano rather than an organ for accompaniment, and lightening the atmosphere with jokes and entertaining banter. He also represented a new commercialism among gospel hymnodists, becoming a man of considerable means through the income from his popular (and strictly copyright-protected) collections, which included such well-known songs as “His eye is on the sparrow” (...

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