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Joking Apart

A: Alan Ayckbourn Pf: 1978, Scarborough Pb: 1979 G: Com. in ...

Psychological Imagery in Sport and Performance

Psychological Imagery in Sport and Performance   Reference library

Krista J. Munroe-Chandler and Michelle D. Guerrero

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

...occupations, are required to perform at some point or another. Successful lawyers need to deliver persuading and emotionally moving closing statements to the members of the jury; stand-up comedians are required to provide entertainment by mastering the pace and timing of every joke. Individuals of such occupations could undoubtedly benefit from imagery. Furthermore, as eSports (online competitive gaming) and competitive eating continue to gain popularity, exploring the potential for imagery as a performance enhancement technique for competitive gamers and...

memes

memes   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Mind (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, Philosophy
Length:
1,008 words

...but having no children means he can devote his time and resources to spreading the memes of his religion, including celibacy. So the meme for celibacy succeeds. Apart from religions, other viral memes include alternative therapies that do not work, new-age fads and cults, and astrology, which is immensely popular even though most of its claims have been shown to be false. Children's games, jokes, and urban legends also spread infectiously, and epidemiological methods can be used to study them. The vast majority of memes are not viruses but are the very...

Feynman, Richard

Feynman, Richard (1918–1988)   Reference library

David Kaiser

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the History of American Science, Medicine, and Technology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...in quantum theory, nuclear physics, condensed-matter physics, and gravitation, Feynman also became a celebrated teacher and popular author. His three-volume Feynman Lectures on Physics ( 1964 ) remains a pedagogical classic, and his autobiographical essays—“ Surely You’re Joking, Mr. Feynman! ” ( 1985 ) and “ What Do You Care What Other People Think? ” ( 1988 )—became best sellers. Late in life, Feynman made headlines when he served on the official investigating commission into the 1986 Challenger space shuttle explosion. His most memorable...

Advertising

Advertising   Reference library

C. Michael HALL

Berkshire Encyclopedia of Sustainability

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Science and technology, Social sciences
Length:
2,555 words

...capture and transfer by elements of advertisements. Journal of Marketing , 68 (2), 36–50. Rumbo, Joseph D. (2002). Consumer resistance in a world of advertising clutter: The case of Adbusters. Psychology and Marketing , 19 (2), 127–148. Woodside, Sven . (2001). Every joke is a tiny revolution: Culture jamming and the role of humour. (Master’s thesis). Amsterdam, The Netherlands: University of Amsterdam, Media Studies. Zinkhan, George M. , & Carlson, Les . (1995). Green advertising and the reluctant consumer. Journal of Advertising , 24 (2), 1–4...

Dinosaurs

Dinosaurs   Reference library

Magic Universe: A Grand Tour of Modern Science

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Science and technology, History of Science
Length:
1,828 words

...reptiles of a raptorial persuasion, although we more often call them birds. That they are dinosaurs in a new incarnation was fairly obvious to many experts for more than a century. The idea of farmyard chickens being related to the fearsome Tyrannosaurus rex seems like a joke at first, until you remember that the tyrannosaurs ran about on two legs, as birds do, after hatching out of giant chicken's eggs. And the superficial similarities are plainer still when you compare some of the raptors—small, fast-running dinosaurs—with flightless birds like...

altered state of consciousness

altered state of consciousness   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Consciousness

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, Philosophy
Length:
1,457 words

...be, but there are cases of obvious conflict with how things appear from the outside—think of the staggering drunk with slurred speech who claims to be perfectly sober and about to drive his car, or the first‐time marijuana user who grins uncontrollably and giggles at the feeblest joke while claiming to feel no effect. In these cases we may think that an objective definition would be more useful. Even in cases where the person's own words seem the best guide there are problems. For example some states, such as mystical experiences, are said to be ineffable—that...

health

health   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Body

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences
Length:
1,333 words

...while some Christians found value in mortifying the flesh, thereby turning their thoughts to the immortality of the soul. Medieval Islamic culture elaborated the Greek ideal of the healthy, happy aristocrat, and cultivated royal doctors famous for entertaining stories and jokes. It also promoted musicians, all to preserve the health of noble patrons. Medieval scholastic philosophers, rather surprisingly, took up another Islamic pursuit, alchemy. From the thirteenth century the Pope, who ideally ruled for life, patronized Christian alchemists. They argued...

Islam and the body

Islam and the body   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Body

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences
Length:
3,050 words

...position of women was closely linked to that of sexuality in Islamic society. Intense sensitivities about nakedness and the honour of the individual and the family did not prevent the rise of a lively and often quite open attitude toward sexuality, at least among men. Sexual jokes and anecdotes, hilarious and often quite graphic, appeared in even very respectable literary texts, and sexual poetry was highly developed. Guides and advice manuals on sexual intercourse, many of them illustrated, were popular, and medical compendia routinely contained chapters...

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