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Joking Apart

A: Alan Ayckbourn Pf: 1978, Scarborough Pb: 1979 G: Com. in ...

Haussmann, Baron Georges-Eugène

Haussmann, Baron Georges-Eugène (1809–91)   Reference library

Patrick Taylor

The Oxford Companion to the Garden

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

...the forced redistribution of households, compulsory purchases, and the destruction of countless historic buildings, among them virtually all the 17th-century and many earlier houses on the Île de la Cité; 350,000 people were moved from their homes and Haussmann felt able to make a joke of his skills as a ‘demolition artist’. Without such ruthlessness the harmonious pattern of streets, the creation of public parks and square gardens, and street planting would have been, if not impossible, very much more difficult. Under the supervision of Alphand , ...

local legends

local legends   Quick reference

A Dictionary of English Folklore

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003

...legends . The most common folk narratives in England (apart from jokes) are stories about remarkable events in the history of a particular locality, the supposed origins of its landmarks and place-names, curious features of its buildings, etc. Their contents range across the whole spectrum of traditional themes, from the realistic, through the amazing-but-not-impossible (e.g. the Hangman 's Stone), to supernatural beliefs now outmoded (the Devil , fairies ), or still current ( ghosts , curses ). Some are so plausible that only experience can show...

Garrincha

Garrincha   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Sports Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Society and culture
Length:
409 words

...Holding Brazil: Football, Nationalism and Politics’, in A. Tomlinson and G. Whannel , eds, Off the Ball: The Football World, Cup 1986 ). ‘Good legs and good luck’ were Garrincha attributes, in the words of Eduardo Galeano , who notes too that the player ‘had fun cracking jokes with his legs’ ( Football in Sun and Shadow , 1997 ). His farewell match in 1973 , between a Brazil side and a World FIFA XI, attracted 131,000 spectators to the Maracanã stadium. Garrincha died of cirrhosis of the liver ten years later, in an alcoholic coma in Rio de Janeiro,...

Mascots

Mascots   Reference library

Kendall BLANCHARD

Berkshire Encyclopedia of World Sport (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Social sciences, Society and culture
Length:
4,184 words

...may be viewed as a substitute for that built-in sense of identity and belonging that characterizes European sport. This may be why people in the United States tend to take their mascots much more seriously than do the Europeans, who “frequently treat their mascots almost as a joke” ( Morris 1981 , 86 ). As US professional sports become more global, however, they are exporting not only the sport but also the mascot. For example, the relatively new European National Football League sports a rather jazzy list of mascot names, including the Fire, Galaxy, and...

Cambridge

Cambridge   Reference library

The Oxford Guide to Literary Britain & Ireland (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature, Society and culture
Length:
8,577 words

...to have been at Cambridge in 1504–5 . Richard Crashaw, an undergraduate at Pembroke, became a Fellow here ( 1637–43 ), but was expelled for refusing to accept the Solemn League and Covenant. Thomas Gray was here from 1734 to 1738 and again from 1743 to 1756 , when a practical joke by some students, who were amused by his dread of fire, caused him to find quarters at Pembroke. His rooms in the Fellows’ Building still have the bars he placed at his windows. Between 1961 and 1963 Kingsley Amis held a lectureship (somewhat unhappily) at Peterhouse; during...

Ghana

Ghana   Reference library

The Continuum Complete International Encyclopedia of Sexuality

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Society and culture
Length:
12,900 words
Illustration(s):
1

...culture of Ghana can be described as a paradox. Sexual matters are among the popular topics for conversation and gossip, but there is less evidence of serious societal debate about sexual issues. Though many cultural artifacts, Ghanaian traditional and “high life” music, dances, jokes, and gibes, are frequently woven around sex, the topic hardly comes into the forefront of any formal discussion, and blunt questions about sexual matters may encounter opposition. It must be stated that Ghanaian sexual mores, as elsewhere in Africa, can be well understood if one...

Kenya

Kenya   Reference library

The Continuum Complete International Encyclopedia of Sexuality

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Society and culture
Length:
14,187 words
Illustration(s):
2

...[ Update 2003 : The concept of sexual harassment is not Kenyan, and there is no vocabulary for sexual harassment in the local languages. So many times, this will be swept under the rug as the issue arises. Yet, there are so many unwelcome sexual behaviors, insults, remarks and jokes, unwanted physical contacts, requests, and even threats that create daily discrimination against so many women, particularly in Kenyan universities. In these universities, harassment occurs all the time. For example, women students are being groped and fondled as they queue for...

Croatia

Croatia   Reference library

The Continuum Complete International Encyclopedia of Sexuality

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Society and culture
Length:
18,611 words
Illustration(s):
1

...behavior of older people, and none on the sexuality of disabled persons. In addition, these topics are never even touched upon by the media and they remain completely invisible. The only information about the social perception of older people's sexuality can be found in the jokes that circulate in public. All of them, but especially those involving older female characters, reflect extremely youth-centered, prejudicial, and negative attitudes. [ Update 2002 : As previously mentioned, the Croatian Association of Societies of Persons with Mental Handicap...

Botswana

Botswana   Reference library

The Continuum Complete International Encyclopedia of Sexuality

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Society and culture
Length:
8,454 words
Illustration(s):
1

...there is intense stimulation by the male partner on the woman's labia and clitoral regions. This stimulation results in copious production of secretions (thought to come from Bartholin's glands). People talk about it openly, sometimes mixed with a sense of humor and intertribe jokes. Some researchers have blamed this practice for the high incidence and prevalence of HIV and STDs. The implications of this kind of information for action plans (resource inputs and sociocultural issues) are enormous. Now that these behaviors have been brought into public...

Dublin

Dublin   Reference library

The Oxford Guide to Literary Britain & Ireland (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature, Society and culture
Length:
9,179 words

... when James II was persecuting the Protestants and so caused Trinity to be closed for a time. George Farquhar entered Trinity in 1694 as a sizar (a student receiving an allowance in exchange for menial duties), but the story goes that he was expelled for making a profane joke. He then served in the army for a time before becoming an actor, but gave up the latter career after accidentally wounding a fellow player in a duelling scene. He turned instead to writing comedies (of which The Recruiting Officer ( 1706 ) and The Beaux’ Stratagem ( 1707 )...

Tanzania

Tanzania   Reference library

The Continuum Complete International Encyclopedia of Sexuality

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Society and culture
Length:
11,262 words
Illustration(s):
1

...there is intense stimulation by the male partner on the woman's labia and clitoral regions. This stimulation results in copious production of secretions (thought to come from Bartholin's glands). People talk about it openly, sometimes mixed with a sense of humor and intertribe jokes. Some researchers have blamed this practice for the high incidence and prevalence of HIV and STDs. The implications of this kind of information for action plans (resource inputs and sociocultural issues) are enormous. Now that these behaviors have been brought into public...

Nigeria

Nigeria   Reference library

The Continuum Complete International Encyclopedia of Sexuality

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Society and culture
Length:
30,636 words
Illustration(s):
1

...is intense stimulation by the male partner on the woman's labia and clitoral regions. This stimulation results in copious production of secretions (thought to come from the Bartholin's glands). People talk about it openly, sometimes mixed with a sense of humor and intertribal jokes. Some researchers have blamed this practice for the high incidence and prevalence of HIV and STDs. The implications of this kind of information for action plans (resource inputs and sociocultural issues) are enormous. Now that these behaviors have been brought into public...

Puerto Rico

Puerto Rico   Reference library

The Continuum Complete International Encyclopedia of Sexuality

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Society and culture
Length:
11,264 words
Illustration(s):
1

... Diaz Perez 1985 ). Sexual Harassment This is a relatively new concept that has not been widely accepted in Puertorican society. Most people believe that these are the natural behavioral patterns in the relationships between men and women ( Alvarado 1987 ). Sexual innuendoes, jokes, and repeatedly asking for dates are all expected in male-female interactions ( Martinez et al 1988 ). Recent studies have found harassment rates of 44% among women attending a conference on women in the workplace, to as high as 73% for women working in the healthcare sector...

Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka   Reference library

The Continuum Complete International Encyclopedia of Sexuality

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Society and culture
Length:
12,972 words
Illustration(s):
1

...asked to consider their parent's sexuality. It is for these reasons that the government has been considering implementing sex education courses in public schools in recent years. B. Informal Sources of Sexual Knowledge The primary informal sources of sexual knowledge are gossip, jokes, and stories told by peers. Most sexual knowledge is obtained through what James Scott ( 1991 ) referred to as “hidden transcripts,” that is, stories or information disseminated in secret between friends. Because of the cramped sleeping quarters among the poor and in most rural...

Japan

Japan   Reference library

The Continuum Complete International Encyclopedia of Sexuality

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Society and culture
Length:
44,393 words
Illustration(s):
6

..., contains a number of segments showing the essential role—and great importance—of women in farm life as recently as the 1950s, the decade of the film's setting. [These agrarian traditions are associated with sexual customs. Anthropologist John Embree described open sexual joking and flirtation in village life ( 1939 / 1995 ), and the 1999 Kodansha Japanese encyclopedia notes that “night visiting” and multiple liaisons long continued in the provinces (Embree 1939 / 1995 , 193–194; Japan 1999 , 413). In some areas, such as fishing villages in Western...

Bahrain

Bahrain   Reference library

The Continuum Complete International Encyclopedia of Sexuality

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Society and culture
Length:
35,139 words
Illustration(s):
1

...during sexual activities. There have been no studies on practices related to sexuality in the home or bedroom. After sexual intercourse, all Muslims are expected to wash, and for the woman to wash completely, including her hair. If a woman arrives at a party with wet hair, then jokes may be made about her possibly preceding sexual activities. Women who smoke are considered to be sexy by young men according to informants. Traditionally, some Bahraini women smoked the hubbly-bubbly ( Al-gadow ) at home, at the village springs, and at parties when offered (...

Thailand

Thailand   Reference library

The Continuum Complete International Encyclopedia of Sexuality

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Society and culture
Length:
37,958 words
Illustration(s):
1

...but data are still scarce (see Section 5B, Interpersonal Heterosexual Behaviors, Adult Sexual Behavior). Sexual matters are not typically discussed in a serious fashion in the Thai society. When sex is mentioned, it is often in the context of playful banter or humor. Playful joking about sex with striking curiosity and candor is not uncommon. For example, a newlywed couple would be teased lightheartedly and openly: “Did you have fun last night? Was last night happy? How many times?” ( Allyn 1991 ). As in many cultures, Thai people have an extensive sexual...

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland   Reference library

The Continuum Complete International Encyclopedia of Sexuality

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Society and culture
Length:
37,226 words
Illustration(s):
1

...to confront sexual harassment, as dominant workplace ideologies that legitimize unsolicited sexual behavior and mitigate against confrontation, remain. It is also clear that the pervasive and everyday nature of much sexual harassment (especially in the form of sexual remarks and joking) in many workplaces makes it unrealistic to expect an immediate changeover to zero tolerance. Results from many studies have shown that sexual harassment can have a devastating effect for victims, both in terms of their performance at work and their personal well-being....

United States of America

United States of America   Reference library

The Continuum Complete International Encyclopedia of Sexuality

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Society and culture
Length:
234,746 words
Illustration(s):
2

...workplace. [ “Dirty” Jokes : Feminists often claim that dirty jokes are the male method of intimidating women. In fact, men tell dirty jokes to peers in order to bond, not intimidate. When a male boss tells a dirty joke, it's often his unconscious way of getting his staff to not take him so seriously and, therefore, not be intimidated (see also Fekete 1994 ; Roiphe 1993 ). [ Hazing Versus Harassment . Historically, men knew that if a man was preoccupied with his vulnerability, he couldn't protect. So a short guy will be hazed with jokes like, “Which is...

London

London   Reference library

The Oxford Guide to Literary Britain & Ireland (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature, Society and culture
Length:
76,697 words

...house from 1962 to 1963 with her two children after separating from Hughes. In her Letters Home (ed. Aurelia S. Plath, 1975 ), she describes how she came to rent the flat: [I] had the uncanny feeling I had got in touch with Yeats' spirit … I opened a book of his plays … as a joke for a ‘message’ and read ‘Get wine and food to give you strength and courage, and I will get the house ready.’ She published a novel, The Bell Jar , in 1963 under the pen‐name Victoria Lucas (reprinted under her own name, 1966 ), and wrote some of her best poetry here (...

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