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Joking Apart

A: Alan Ayckbourn Pf: 1978, Scarborough Pb: 1979 G: Com. in ...

Platée

Platée   Quick reference

The Grove Book of Operas (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
1,407 words

...by another storm symphony, during which Aquilons (North Winds) force the nymphs back into their swamp. A ct 2 The same Mercury explains to Cithaeron that he has hoodwinked Juno into going to Athens in the hope of surprising Jupiter and his new love. ‘Look, there she goes’, he jokes, pointing to a passing cloud. He and the king wait for Jupiter to arrive, and hide as his cloud descends. Plataea cautiously approaches the cloud (‘A l'aspect de ce nuage’). She is amazed when the god manifests himself first as a donkey (its braying, which Plataea mistakes for...

Gioconda, La

Gioconda, La   Quick reference

The Grove Book of Operas (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
2,276 words

...all fall on their knees in prayer, among them Gioconda, heartbroken at Enzo's betrayal, and La Cieca, who tries vainly to comfort her. Act 2 ‘The Rosary’ A brigantine It is night. Sailors and midshipmen are making ready to sail. Barnaba arrives in the guise of a fisherman and jokes with the crew, who echo the refrain of his barcarolle (‘Pescator, affonda l'esca’). He orders Isèpo to prepare an assault on the brigantine and leaves to fetch Laura. As he waits for her, Enzo apostrophizes the nocturnal scene in the aria ‘Cielo e mar’, one of the gems of the...

Morocco

Morocco   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
3,315 words

...dancing, the shikhat accompany the solo dancer of the moment on the bendir , the tarija , the sanuj (finger cymbals) and the guimbri . Whether dancing or playing, they are at ease and even careless of the presence of an audience, adjusting their clothing or sharing private jokes. Sub-Saharan Morocco Some of the blacks in Morocco have acculturated to the Berber and Arab communities in which they have settled, while others retain their sub-Saharan customs. An example of the former is found in Tissint, where the black inhabitants perform a duet in which the...

Ashton, Frederick

Ashton, Frederick (17 September 1904)   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
7,898 words

...Lord Berners and Cecil Beaton. The result nearly repeated the disaster of Cupid and Psyche , and for similar reasons: they tried too hard to be funny and in the process gave rise to the suspicion that they were out of touch with contemporary life. The time for little jokes about Edwardian high life had passed. Ashton soon hit his stride again. De Valois had established a second company, the Sadler's Wells Theatre Ballet, for which Ashton choreographed in 1947 a new ballet set to Ravel's Valses Nobles et Sentimentales , using a decor similar to...

Mexico

Mexico   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
10,405 words

... (“monarch”) or rey (“king”). Others take their names from historical figures, such as Montezuma or Malinche, or from religious figures, such as Santiago or Mahoma (Muḥammad). At almost all dances there are individuals whose function is to circle around the dancers and tell jokes to entertain the audience; they also maintain space between dancers and spectators. These persons are called gracejos (“buffoons”), chistosos (“jokesters”), corraleros (“managers”), or viejos (“elders”). Most costumes show a marked Spanish influence in their...

Musical theater

Musical theater   Reference library

Geoffrey Block, Kate Van Winkle Keller, Anne Dhu McLucas, Sandra Jean Graham, Orly Leah Krasner, Todd Decker, Paul R. Laird, Jessica Sternfeld, Garrett Eisler, John Koegel, Nancy Rao, Charles Hamm, and William A. Everett

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
15,860 words
Illustration(s):
3

...Immigrant Scene: Ethnic Amusements in New York, 1880–1920 (Minneapolis, MN, 2008) T. Hischak : The Oxford Companion to the American Musical: Theatre, Film, and Television (New York, 2008) J. Kenrick : Musical Theatre: a History (New York, 2008) S. Patinkin : “No Legs, No Jokes, No Chance”: a History of the American Musical Theatre (Evanston, IL, 2008) J. Koegel : Music in German Immigrant Theater: New York City, 1840–1940 (Rochester, NY, 2009) G.M. Rodger : Champagne Charlie and Pretty Jemima: Variety Theater in the Nineteenth Century (Urbana,...

Native American music

Native American music   Reference library

Bruno Nettl, Victoria Lindsay Levine, Bryan Burton, Gertrude Prokosch Kurath, and Victoria Lindsay Levine

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
16,585 words
Illustration(s):
11

...Another social dance, the Forty-Nine, takes place late at night after the powwow has ended. In this dance, which is mainly for young people, participants dance in concentric circles around the singers. Humor plays an integral role in American Indian dance events, in public jokes told by a master of ceremonies, in more private interactions among family and friends, and in the performance of dancers known in English as clowns. Operating through symbolic reversals, ceremonial clowns reinforce social expectations by displaying incorrect behavior. Humor lifts...

United States of America

United States of America   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
45,715 words

...jook-house tradition also went north and cross-fertilized the dances developing among northern urban blacks. Among the characteristics of African-American social dance are competition, dancing apart (couples do not touch), improvisation, call and response, mimicry, and derision. These elements can be observed in the competitive high kicking of the cakewalk, the apart dancing of the Black Bottom and the Charleston, and the improvisational Lindy Hop breakaway. The Susie Q, Truckin’, the Shorty-George, and the Slop are all dances that have been used in a...

opera

opera   Reference library

Denis Arnold, Nicholas Temperley, Geoffrey Norris, Paul Griffiths, Nicholas Temperley, and Nicholas Temperley

The Oxford Companion to Music

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Music
Length:
21,662 words

... and Shield , who fully orchestrated the songs and provided ensembles and other Italianate elements. It is not surprising that opera buffa was less easily imported by foreign countries than opera seria , for it depended on an understanding of colloquial Italian and of local jokes and customs. Within Italy itself, however, sophisticated comic opera had already been developed. By the 1720s it had become common to insert intermezzos between the acts of opere serie ; at the same time a new type of full-length opera of similar character was being given at some...

Harris Buddy

Harris Buddy   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Popular Music (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music
Length:
198 words

...on shows that blended sketches, jokes and music. He became best known as host of KGKO’s Morning Grinder , in Dallas, Texas, in the late 40s and early 50s. In addition to appearing on air, at different times during the 50s Harris was also general manager and programme director of the radio station. Among Harris’ on-air contributions was the recounting of amusing monologues. Also in Dallas, in 1951, Harris staged his Music Bar Show. This was a jazz show that he emceed and was restricted to black artists, thus setting Harris apart as the only white man on stage...

Robson And Jerome

Robson And Jerome   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Popular Music (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music
Length:
455 words

...acting careers. Green returned to the studio in 2002 to record his solo debut, Moment In Time . ALBUMS Robson & Jerome (RCA 1995) ٭ ٭ Take Two (RCA 1996) ٭ COMPILATIONS Happy Days: The Best Of Robson & Jerome (RCA 1997) ٭ ٭ DVD/VIDEOS So Far So Good (RCA/BMG 1995) Joking Apart (RCA/BMG 1996) See also Righteous Brothers , RCA Records , Adam And The Ants , Jimmy Ruffin...

My Favorite Year

My Favorite Year   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Popular Music (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music
Length:
539 words

...style with ‘20 Million People’ and finished on a high note with ‘My Favorite Year’, contained some clever numbers in amongst ‘The Musketeer Sketch’, ‘Waldorf Suite’, ‘’Rookie In The Ring’, ‘Manhattan’, ‘Naked In Bethesda Fountain’, ‘The Gospel According To King’, ‘Funny/The Duck Joke’, ‘Welcome To Brooklyn’, ‘If The World Were Like The Movies’, ‘Exits’, ‘Professional Show Business Comedy’, ‘The Lights Come Up’, and ‘Maxford House’. Critical reaction was tepid, with the thin book, Thommie Walsh’s musical staging, and Ron Lagomarsino’s direction taking much of...

Gelbart Larry

Gelbart Larry   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Popular Music (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music
Length:
490 words

...Illinois, USA. A pre-eminent screenwriter, librettist, director, and producer, Gelbart moved as a child with his family to California. His father was a barber, and used to cut the famous comedian Danny Thomas’ hair. When Gelbart was 16, he went to work for Thomas, writing jokes, and then moved on to other top radio comics such as Bob Hope and Eddie Cantor . Hope took Gelbart into television, where he met Burt Shevelove , and in 1958 the two of them set about the task of working through all 21 of the surviving comedies by the Roman playwright,...

R.E.M.

R.E.M.   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Popular Music (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music
Length:
2,253 words

...the UK Top 30 the same June. Apart from demonstrating their environmental awareness, particularly on ‘You Are The Everything’, the album laid more emphasis on Stipe’s vocals and lyrics. This, to the singer’s dismay, led to his elevation as ‘spokesman for a generation’, particularly with the apparent self-revelation of ‘World Leader Pretend’. Already hero-worshipped by adoring long-term fans who saw him as both pin-up and creative genius, Stipe insisted: ‘Rock ‘n’ roll is a joke, people who take it seriously are the butt of the joke’. The world tour that...

Cavern, The

Cavern, The   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Popular Music (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music
Length:
2,087 words

...approached by two Scouse girls. ‘What do you do then?’, they asked. ‘We play rhythm and blues, ’ said Alan Price proudly, ‘have you heard of it?’. ‘Heard it?’, said one of the girls, ‘We invented it.’ As expected, the Beatles soon grew too big to play the Cavern, but almost as a joke, they returned to play their 292nd (and last) appearance on 3 August 1963 for a fee of £20. ‘They were the same old Beatles, ’ recalls Paddy Delaney, ‘ John Lennon would say, “Okay, tatty-head, we’ll do this number for you.”’ By then, several of the major groups had left...

Jolson Al

Jolson Al   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Popular Music (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music
Length:
2,912 words

...saved from bankruptcy and Jolson’s piece of the action made him even richer than he already was. His follow-up film, The Singing Fool , (1928) included a song especially written for him by the team of De Sylva , Brown And Henderson . Although they treated the exercise as a joke, the results were a massive hit and Jolson’s recording of ‘Sonny Boy’ became one of the first million sellers. Although Jolson’s films were popular and he was one of the highest paid performers in Hollywood, the cinema proved detrimental to his career. The cameras never fully...

Aladdin

Aladdin   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the American Musical

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Performing arts, Music
Length:
491 words

...played by Will B. Able ) to help him win the Princess Mei Ling (Victoria Mallory). The tuneful score was by Jim Eiler and Jeanne Bargy , and the teleplay was written by Paul Zindel , author of teen novels and a few Broadway plays. Unlike the 1958 version with its sly jokes about society, this Aladdin is strictly for kids with little in it for adults. The young Mallory, who would later be featured on Broadway in Follies ( 1971 ) and A Little Night Music ( 1973 ), is the highlight of the...

Astaire, Fred

Astaire, Fred (1899–1987)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the American Musical

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Performing arts, Music
Length:
640 words
Illustration(s):
1

... ( 1987 ); Starring Fred Astaire , Stanley Green ( 1977 ); The Fred Astaire–Ginger Rogers Book , Arlene Croce ( 1972 ). Fred Astaire . By usual Hollywood standards, Astaire should not have been a movie star. Yet when he was dancing, singing, joking, and charming his way on the screen, all the rules fell apart. In Funny Face (1957) he tries to convince Audrey Hepburn that she has the makings of a model, as if we had any doubts about that....

Billings, William

Billings, William (7 Oct 1746)   Reference library

Karl Kroeger

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
5,256 words

...with four new verses by Billings including the line: “And gen’rals yield to beardless boys.” Billings's sense of humor is shown in his literary satire in the introduction (“An Historical Account of G. Gamut”) and mock dedication (“To the Goddess of Discord”), and in his musical joke, “Jargon,” in which he deliberately misapplied the rules of composition to produce a work of unresolved dissonance. The Singing Master's Assistant also includes a variety of music in other moods, such as the lyrical anthem “I Am the Rose of Sharon”; the majestic psalm tune...

Gospel music

Gospel music   Reference library

Stephen Shearon, Harry Eskew, James C. Downey, Stephen Shearon, and Robert Darden

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
18,026 words
Illustration(s):
6

...made particularly important contributions to the development of gospel hymnody. Alexander introduced a new informality to revival services, leading the singing with wide sweeping arm motions, using a piano rather than an organ for accompaniment, and lightening the atmosphere with jokes and entertaining banter. He also represented a new commercialism among gospel hymnodists, becoming a man of considerable means through the income from his popular (and strictly copyright-protected) collections, which included such well-known songs as “His eye is on the sparrow” (...

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