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Joking Apart

A: Alan Ayckbourn Pf: 1978, Scarborough Pb: 1979 G: Com. in ...

Lǐ Bái

Lǐ Bái (701–762 ce)   Reference library

Tao Tao LIU

The Berkshire Dictionary of Chinese Biography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
History, Regional and National History, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
5,498 words
Illustration(s):
4

...poems about the experience. Du Fu expressed great admiration for Li and spoke of him most warmly later, as in the poem “Thinking of Li Bai on a Day in Spring” 春日忆李白 ‎: Bai, the poet unrivalled, In fancy’s realm you soar alone. One poem allegedly written by Li Bai titled “A Joke for Du Fu” 戏赠杜甫 ‎, Since we last met, you have become too thin, It must be that you worked too hard upon your poems. (Translation by the author) This is sometimes seen as Li being condescending to the younger poet. This poem, however, is generally believed to be a fake since...

Dù Fǔ

Dù Fǔ (712–770 ce)   Reference library

Tao Tao LIU

The Berkshire Dictionary of Chinese Biography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
History, Regional and National History, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
5,158 words
Illustration(s):
2

...than the other way around. In fact, one poem by Li Bai to Du Fu has been offered as evidence that Li was condescending to the younger poet: Since we last met, you have become too thin, It must be that you worked too hard upon your poems. (Translation by the author) This poem “A joke for Du Fu” 戏赠杜甫 ‎, however, is generally looked at with some skepticism because it appears in a collection of anecdotes about Li and because Li did not have a reputation for using such a condescending tone with his friends. Whatever the nature of their relationship, the fact...

Farrell, Roberto (Bobby) Alfonso

Farrell, Roberto (Bobby) Alfonso (1949–2010)   Reference library

Gregory Richardson

Dictionary of Caribbean and Afro–Latin American Biography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,113 words

...was particularly known for his charismatic dancing and flamboyant style. Furthermore, his multilingual abilities and humor made him a popular figure, since he could identify and communicate with diverse audiences. Family and friends called him payaso (clown) in reference to his joking personality. Roberto “Bobby” Alfonso Farrell . Photo © Erwin Winkelman/Wikimedia Commons/CC BY-NC-SA. Bobby, as he is most commonly known, was the first and most popular male performer of the famous European-based 1970s disco/pop group Boney M. Together with the Jamaicans Liz...

Sobers, Garfield St. Auburn

Sobers, Garfield St. Auburn (1936– )   Reference library

Pedro L. V. Welch

Dictionary of Caribbean and Afro–Latin American Biography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
2,010 words

...the Australian team in their tour of the West Indies. However, after this excellent performance, the fortunes of the team began to wane as the stars of the 1950s retired from the game. It was not surprising that in these changed circumstances Sobers became the butt of unsavory jokes and unfair criticism. In 1968 , during the West Indies tour of Australia, Sobers was absent during an important pre-Test game. It appeared that he had traveled to Melbourne to see Prue Kirby, a woman in whom he had developed an interest. He was severely criticized in Australia...

Clubs and Societies

Clubs and Societies   Reference library

George W. Boudreau

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of the American Enlightenment

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...the buttocks of one of the jesters. A few nights later, the men took Rees into a cellar, where they spilled burning liquor on him, causing burns so severe that they led to his death a few days later. Eventually, a jury would order that Dr Jones be branded for the fatal practical joke he had played on the young would-be mason. The fallout from Rees’s death was just one of many challenges to freemasonry’s power in the mid-eighteenth century. On January 7, 1751 , the Boston Evening-Post ran an engraving depicting one man sodomizing another with a club...

La Reina de la Raza: The Making of the India Bonita

La Reina de la Raza: The Making of the India Bonita   Reference library

Natasha S. Varner

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Mexican History and Culture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
7,496 words
Illustration(s):
1

...to normalize the performance of indigeneity by non-indigenous actors. María Conesa, a Spanish-born diva on the Mexican género chica circuit, depicted the India Bonita in a bawdy tanda show that premiered about a month into the contest. The show—a tribute peppered with off-color jokes 22 —was so well received that Conesa was ultimately honored alongside María Bibiana in her coronation as the India Bonita. 23 Because indigenous identity had been reduced to a few symbols and characteristics throughout the pageant, it was easier for people like Conesa to...

Santa Anna and His Legacy

Santa Anna and His Legacy   Reference library

Will Fowler

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Mexican History and Culture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
9,855 words

...simply not around long enough to give direction and authority to his ministers’ reforms. It also became apparent that notwithstanding Trigueros’s impressive results at collecting taxes, Santa Anna and his cronies displayed a tendency to spend what was not theirs on themselves. The joke that Santa Anna’s bronze statue in the Plaza del Velador was pointing at the treasury because he was planning on embezzling its funds dates from these years. During these years the constituent congress of 1842, which drafted a federal charter that was never adopted, was closed down...

historical fiction

historical fiction   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Irish History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
818 words

...to focus on history as experienced from below through its impact on everyday lives. Joyce's Stephen Dedalus called history ‘a nightmare from which I am trying to awaken’; Birchwood ( 1973 ) by John Banville has been described as presenting Irish history as an enormous black joke. The Scottian tradition has, however, survived and even been revivified by greater willingness to face up to pain, loss, and defeat. Significant historical fictions have continued to be produced, whether in support of accepted self‐images ( W. F. Marshall , Planted by a River (...

Negro History Week/Month

Negro History Week/Month   Reference library

Encyclopedia of African American History 1896 to the Present

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
844 words

...and that without its continuance as Black History Month Americans would be all too likely to accept blacks as part of the present national experience without thinking about the long preceding period. It is also still extremely important in fighting racial stereotypes that films, jokes, and sociological studies show still exist. References to white supremacy and the Ku Klux Klan more than doubled in leading national magazines in the 1990s. [ See also Education ; Journal of Negro History ; Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture ; and Woodson, Carter...

Estefan, Emilio, Jr.

Estefan, Emilio, Jr. (b. 1953)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Latinos and Latinas in the United States

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,150 words

...of a friend / with a direct line to that heaven filled with so many stars.” That's how the group Bacilos summed up the reputation of Emilio Estefan Jr. as Latin music's biggest star maker in the 2002 hit song “Mi Primer Millón” (My First Million). The verse is something of an in-joke for Bacilos's singer-songwriter Jorge Villamizar , who did indeed contact Estefan while a struggling musician in Miami. But the music mogul was not interested; Villamizar made his “first million” without any help from Estefan's famed sound machine. Yet the song illustrates the...

Arnaz, Desi

Arnaz, Desi (1917–1986)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Latinos and Latinas in the United States

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,345 words

...Ricky Ricardo (broadcast January 19, 1953, the same day their son Desi Arnaz IV was born) was seen by a record 44 million viewers. By the end of that season I Love Lucy had been the top-rated show for eleven consecutive months. While Ricky Ricardo's ethnicity was fodder for jokes—Lucy often made fun of his accent, and his rapid-fire tirades in Spanish were played for laughs—it was not an object of ridicule. Ricky Ricardo was restorer of the order upset by his wacky wife. Variations on this sitcom husband can be found in just about every family television...

Lesbianism

Lesbianism   Reference library

Black Women in America (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
6,931 words
Illustration(s):
1

... Fay Jackson Robinson , with whom she had a relationship from 1930 to 1931 : You did not need to creep into my heart The way you did. You could have smiled And knowing what you did, have kept apart From all my inner soul. But you beguiled Deliberately. (quoted in Hull , 1985) Dunbar-Nelson’s poem “Little Roads” also contains a reference to Robinson. Apart from the evidence of woman-identification in private lives, the issue of lesbianism came up in the stereotypes of black women prevalent in the culture and the media. In the late nineteenth century,...

Morrison, Toni

Morrison, Toni (18 February 1931)   Reference library

Black Women in America (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
8,160 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Morrison was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature on 7 October 1993. The Swedish Academy, in bestowing the award, described her work as “characterized by visionary force and poetic import.” Photograph by Timothy Greenfield-Sanders Morrison’s growing years were filled with the jokes, lore, music, language, and myths of African American culture. Her mother sang to the children, her father told them folktales, and they both, she recalled, “told thrillingly terrifying ghost stories.” It was at their knees that she heard the tales of Brer Rabbit and of Africans...

Orishas

Orishas   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Africa

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010

...Eleguá is a trickster and causes many problems, such as car trouble or other problems in travel, or inexplicable confusions. He is the orisha of choices, and he must be propitiated first, before all other orishas, so that he is kept content and so that he does not play disruptive jokes. Although considered dangerous, he is something of a childlike orisha in that he likes toys and candy. He manifests in his devotees at tambors, is taken along on vacations, and is kept close to his keepers—inside the house behind the door to guard the home, where practitioners can...

Swahili Civilization

Swahili Civilization   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Africa

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies, History, Regional and National History
Length:
4,892 words
Illustration(s):
1

...memory of the days of slavery set them apart from most of the peoples of the new countries of which they unwillingly became citizens. Yet in the face of these events the Swahili people themselves have retained their pride, their notable abilities as merchants and entrepreneurs, and their religion. Despite the decline of commerce, wealth, and power, and in many towns the insulting subjection to the demands of the tourist industry, they regard their own unique mercantile civilization as persisting and setting them apart from the surrounding world, giving sense...

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