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Joking Apart

A: Alan Ayckbourn Pf: 1978, Scarborough Pb: 1979 G: Com. in ...

Humor

Humor   Reference library

Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
2,163 words
Illustration(s):
1

...centuries. They stand apart from folktales, which rely much more heavily on narrative detail. A third argument is that the joke is different from the jest and is the product of modern mass media and its needs for short, detail-free, stripped-down comic products; the joke does not appear until the rise of vaudeville and modern show business in the 1870s. In the latter case, topicality of jokes and the need for constant updating of subject matter while preserving form and structure is seen as specific to the modern idea of the joke. Humor plays important...

Drug Subcultures in the American City

Drug Subcultures in the American City   Reference library

Chris Elcock

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Urban History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
7,972 words

...exclusion from American society. In this context they were encouraged to move closer to the underworld. 7 Smoking, unlike taking morphine, was a social habit and smokers congregated in opium dens scattered in every major city, because they liked to have conversations and share jokes under the influence. As well, prospective users, who usually required a letter of introduction before they became regulars, needed the assistance of more experienced peers to prepare the drug. As in many subcultures, codes of conduct and ethics structured the behavior of smokers....

Nationalism

Nationalism   Reference library

Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
13,262 words
Illustration(s):
1

...from Peru and Bolivia, depriving the latter of its littoral provinces. Henceforth, “the outlet to the sea” became a nationalist slogan in Bolivia, while the tensions between Chile and Peru constantly resurface in diplomatic relations, the media, school textbooks, and popular jokes. In the Caribbean, Dominicans' national identity is heavily shaped by contrast with their poorer and blacker Haitian neighbors. Mexico's two great postindependence wars—the U.S.-Mexican war of 1845–1848 , in which Mexico lost half of its territory to an expanding United States,...

Rock and Roll

Rock and Roll   Reference library

Eric Weisbard

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Urban History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
14,580 words

...singer Big Mama Thornton dressed as a man, presenting a transgressive sexuality. Houston record label, Peacock, was a black-owned independent. Presley’s later version built on a comic parody; Freddie Bell and the Bellboys did white takes on R&B in Las Vegas lounges. But the joke was at first on Presley, a former truck driver, when rock and roll hating New York TV host Steve Allen had him don black tie to sing “Hound Dog” to an actual basset. Furious, Presley recorded “Hound Dog” the next day, turning Thornton’s gender blur into class outrage: “you said...

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