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Joking Apart

A: Alan Ayckbourn Pf: 1978, Scarborough Pb: 1979 G: Com. in ...

Haussmann, Baron Georges-Eugène

Haussmann, Baron Georges-Eugène (1809–91)   Reference library

Patrick Taylor

The Oxford Companion to the Garden

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

...the forced redistribution of households, compulsory purchases, and the destruction of countless historic buildings, among them virtually all the 17th-century and many earlier houses on the Île de la Cité; 350,000 people were moved from their homes and Haussmann felt able to make a joke of his skills as a ‘demolition artist’. Without such ruthlessness the harmonious pattern of streets, the creation of public parks and square gardens, and street planting would have been, if not impossible, very much more difficult. Under the supervision of Alphand , ...

Caricature

Caricature   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
2,229 words
Illustration(s):
1

...catalog, Grunwald Center for the Graphic Arts, University of California, Los Angeles. Freud, Sigmund . The Uncanny. In The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud , edited by James Strachey , vol. 17, pp. 217–252. London, 1955. Freud, Sigmund . Jokes and Their Relation to the Unconscious . In The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud , edited by James Strachey , vol. 8. London, 1960. Hannoosh, Michele . Baudelaire and Caricature: From the Comic to an Art of Modernity . University Park, Pa.,...

Caribbean Aesthetics

Caribbean Aesthetics   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
3,111 words

...great popularity are reggae (Jamaica), the plena (Puerto Rico), the cumbia (Colombia), the joropo (Venezuela), and the Dominican merengue . The literary arts also have great importance in the region. Afro-Caribbean oral literature includes myths, folktales, proverbs, jokes, and spells. Among the most often mentioned folktales are the stories of Anancy (a spider man) and Jicotea (a turtle man), which find their respective referents in West African cultures. Written literature embraces all genres and has attained unique forms in the marvelous...

Freud, Sigmund

Freud, Sigmund   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
14,329 words

...of the arts and their complex structures. In this regard should be mentioned Jokes and Their Relation to the Unconscious ( 1905 ), the first attempt to apply the psychoanalytic mode of thought to the problems of aesthetics. Jokes can be considered miniature narratives that employ all of the psychic processes outlined above in the introduction to Freud's theory. Condensation, displacement, and symbolic transformations of reality and of fantasy occur in jokes, and the book is to be recommended as a set of cultural experiments—as if the reader is...

Duchamp, Marcel

Duchamp, Marcel   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
6,266 words

...conditions of art. Duchamp uncovered the difficulty of deciding where to locate the demarcation. A bicycle wheel chosen ready-made and mounted on a stool can be taken simultaneously as a substantial challenge to accepted artistic practice or dismissed as an inconsequential joke. These kinds of antinomies are not easily reconciled. Contingency fascinated Duchamp, and he provided questions, not answers. He challenged the surety of modernism, and his methods exemplify the crosscurrent of avant-garde resistance that brushes against the grain of modernism...

Genius

Genius   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
10,954 words

...how the modern and more unified concept of genius and creativity came into existence. 1. Mantike . The word mantike refers to a state of being possessed by something divine and immortal, or to some other access to divine communication. In the Phaedrus , Plato has Socrates joke about the connection of the manic , which was (and is) the name for a kind of madness, and the mantic , which was a name for the condition that prophets and poets habitually found themselves in ( Phaedrus , 244c–e). Plato seems to have taken the lead in understanding poets and...

Metaphor

Metaphor   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
14,764 words
Illustration(s):
1

...how the metaphoric mode of expression of the contents of certain beliefs must be taken into account in order to show how they explain actions. Recent work on the noncognitive significance of metaphors (e.g., by Cohen, on creating a sense of intimacy), and their relation to jokes and riddles, also promises to illuminate other cognitive aspects of metaphor, for example, their sense of surprise. Although we are still far from possessing good answers to these many questions, the questions themselves exemplify how the study of metaphor, enriched and deepened...

Caricature

Caricature   Reference library

Michèle Hannoosh

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
2,272 words
Illustration(s):
1

.... “Das Passagen-Werk.” In Gesammelte Schriften , edited by Rolf  Tiedemann , Vol. 5. Frankfurt: Suhrkamp, 1982. Grunwald Center for the Graphic Arts . French Caricature and the French Revolution, 1789–1799 . Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1988. Freud, Sigmund . “Jokes and Their Relation to the Unconscious.” In The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud , edited by James Strachey , Vol. 8. London: Hogarth, 1960. Freud, Sigmund . “The Uncanny.” In The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund...

Caribbean Aesthetics

Caribbean Aesthetics   Reference library

Antonio Benítez-Rojo and R. Kelly Washbourne

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
3,209 words

...great popularity are reggae (Jamaica), the plena (Puerto Rico), the cumbia (Colombia), the joropo (Venezuela), and the Dominican merengue. The literary arts also have great importance in the region. Afro-Caribbean oral literature includes myths, folktales, proverbs, jokes, and spells. Among the most often mentioned folktales are the stories of Anancy (a spider man) and Jicotea (a turtle man), which find their respective referents in West African cultures. Written literature embraces all genres and has attained unique forms in the “marvelous...

Postdramatic Theater

Postdramatic Theater   Reference library

Elinor Fuchs

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
3,547 words
Illustration(s):
1

...recited with deliberate lack of affect by a single actor sitting upstage. In another notable instance of postdramatic use of a dramatic text, Lee Breuer’s production of Ibsen’s A Dollhouse , as The Mabou Mines Dollhouse ( 2003 ), with its freak show references, wild dances, jokes, direct address to the audience, falling melodrama silks, opera riffs, and live pianist winking at the actors who in turn wink at the audience, fit many criteria of Lehmann’s postdramatic. With characters, plot, a strong sequential story line, and a delivery almost entirely in...

Sontag, Susan

Sontag, Susan (1933–2004)   Reference library

Sohnya Sayres

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
3,268 words

...them, simply offensive? Sontag was apt to point out in these years that moral rules are not that complicated. Can there be an art that is “tactless”? Aggressive, assaultive, confined to a singular passion (as in her defense of pornography as literature), but not as a tasteless joke? Her remarks on Diane Arbus’s photographs reveal her discomfiture when serious artwork flirts with such material. Can art be apathetic? By the time Sontag is writing Regarding the Pain of Others ( 2003 ), her own antiwar statement, she does not humor the question. “The only...

Freud, Sigmund

Freud, Sigmund   Reference library

Margaret P. Kuhns, Richard Kuhns, Beau Shaw, Ellen Handler Spitz, Marcia Cavell, and Stuart Feder

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
14,655 words

...understanding of the arts and their complex structures. In this regard should be mentioned Jokes and Their Relation to the Unconscious ( 1905 ), the first attempt to apply the psychoanalytic mode of thought to the problems of aesthetics. Jokes can be considered miniature narratives that employ all of the psychic processes outlined above in the introduction to Freud’s theory. Condensation, displacement, and symbolic transformations of reality and fantasy occur in jokes, and the book is to be recommended as a set of cultural experiments—as if the reader is...

Postmodernism

Postmodernism   Reference library

Daniel Herwitz, Sally Banes, and Charles Altieri

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
13,080 words
Illustration(s):
1

...flow of life itself. Architecture could hardly survive indefinitely on a joking style, and it tended to move in a variety of directions in accord with Venturi’s injunctions: to build contextually in terms of local vernaculars, in terms of the desires of local patrons, the specific needs of cities, towns, and distinctive populations, etc.; to play the game of stylistic juxtaposition and pluralism; and to retain the game of high modernist send-up (turning it into a somewhat stale joke). Architecture also continued modernist stylistics in a number of ways,...

Genius

Genius   Reference library

Timothy Gould and Christine Battersby

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
12,926 words

...the modern and more unified concept of genius and creativity came into existence. 1. Mantike . The word “ mantike ” refers to a state of a human being who is possessed by something divine and immortal, or to some other access to divine communication. In the Phaedrus , Socrates jokes about the connection of the manic , which is still the name for a kind of madness, and the mantic , which was a name for the condition that prophets and poets habitually find themselves in ( Phaedrus , 1961 , 244c–e). Plato seems to have taken the lead in understanding poets...

Vorticism

Vorticism   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Art (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
310 words

...only one exhibition, at the Doré Gallery, London, in June 1915 . Apart from the formal members of the movement, the artists taking part included David Bomberg and Christopher Nevinson . Jacob Epstein was not included, but his work was reproduced in Blast and he is generally considered part of the movement. Several of the artists represented in the exhibition were now producing pure abstracts, and the show was far too advanced for the critics, who treated it as an incomprehensible joke. By this time the war was scattering the Vorticists (...

Vorticism

Vorticism   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
305 words

...held only one exhibition, at the Doré Gallery, London, in June 1915 . Apart from the formal members, the artists taking part included David Bomberg and C. R. W. Nevinson . Jacob Epstein was not included, but his work was reproduced in Blast and he is generally considered part of the movement. Several of the artists represented in the exhibition were now producing pure abstracts, and the show was far too advanced for the critics, who treated it as an incomprehensible joke. By this time the war was scattering the Vorticists (Gaudier-Breszka had...

Arcimboldo [Arcimboldi], Giuseppe

Arcimboldo [Arcimboldi], Giuseppe (?1527)   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Northern Renaissance Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
1,255 words
Illustration(s):
1

..., 1573 ; Paris, Louvre), may best be regarded as serious jokes. This notion is an expression of the Renaissance love for paradox, according to which serious content could be presented in fanciful form. Jokes were long employed to present a serious point entertainingly; this idea among others was discussed in another treatise on laughter by Fontana ( De risu , Vienna, Österreich. Nbib.). Moreover, from antiquity it was thought to be a sign of a ruler's urbanitas that he could take and tell a joke. The wit of Arcimboldo's inventions contin-ued in the...

Beethoven, Ludwig van

Beethoven, Ludwig van   Reference library

Birgit Lodes and Johanna M. Baboukis

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and the Arts

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Religion, Art & Architecture
Length:
3,416 words

...choir singing the Lamentations of Jeremiah on the piano (the organ not being used during Lent; Wegeler and Ries, 1988 , p. 20). Beethoven harmonized the chorale so audaciously that his accompaniment threw the singer Ferdinand Heller off track—and he had written out this musical joke beforehand, as documented in Beethoven’s so-called Kafka Sketchbook. Beethoven in Vienna, the First 20 Years (1792–1812). With Beethoven’s move to Vienna, the main focus of his work changed. There is hardly anything more for organ, but he further built his reputation as an...

Germany

Germany   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Northern Renaissance Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
23,530 words
Illustration(s):
4

...the higher temperatures required to make stoneware. The centres of stoneware production in Germany from the early 16th century—apart from a few smaller pottery towns—were in the Rhineland, the main centres being Cologne–Frechen and Siegburg, in a region south of Aachen with the main centres at Raeren (now in Belgium), Creussen in Franconia, and Waldenburg, Freiberg and Altenburg in Saxony and Muskau and Bunzlau in Silesia. Apart from the production of simple, utilitarian tableware, the highly artistic stoneware made in these centres was used for display,...

Rap and Hip-Hop Music

Rap and Hip-Hop Music   Reference library

Brent A. Strawn

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and the Arts

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Religion, Art & Architecture
Length:
7,982 words

...of rap to the praise of God). In many cases, especially in conscious rap, the entities that are marked for destruction are not specific individuals (let alone competitors) but systemic societal evils like poverty or racism (e.g., Public Enemy, “Burn Hollywood Burn” and “911 Is a Joke,” Fear of a Black Planet , Def Jam Recordings and Columbia Records, 1990 ). A particularly intriguing aspect of rap’s poetic form—both lyrically and instrumentally—is the way it abounds in reuse of prior materials and allusion to the same. Hip-hop’s not infrequent citation of...

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