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John Lennon

Subject: Music

B. John Winston Lennon, 9 October 1940, Liverpool, Lancashire, England, d. 8 December 1980, New York City, New York, USA. John Winston Ono Lennon has been exhumed in print more ...

Lennon, John

Lennon, John (1940–80)   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
94 words

..., John ( 1940–80 ) English singer and songwriter , a member of The Beatles . Lennon co-wrote the vast majority of The Beatles' songs with Paul McCartney , and appeared in the band's films and in How I Won the War ( 1967 ). He published In His Own Write ( 1964 ) and A Spaniard in the Works ( 1965 ). A major figure in the peace movement, he married Yoko Ono ( 1933 – ) in 1969 . His solo albums include Imagine ( 1971 ) and Double Fantasy ( 1980 ). On December 8, 1980 , Lennon was shot dead by Mark Chapman in New York...

Lennon, John

Lennon, John (1940–1980)   Quick reference

Who's Who in the Twentieth Century

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
History
Length:
307 words

...will be best remembered. ‘Whatever Gets You Through the Night’ (a duet with Elton John from Walls and Bridges ) was Lennon's only post-Beatle record to top the charts in the USA. In 1975 , after a long battle, Lennon was granted legal residency in the USA, and Yoko gave birth to their son (with Elton John as godfather). Thereafter Lennon became virtually a recluse for five years, concentrating on being a father. Just as he and Yoko were about to resume a public career, Lennon was murdered by a psychopath on the steps of his apartment...

Lennon, John

Lennon, John (9 Oct 1940)   Reference library

Jonas Westover

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
245 words

... Elton John and David Bowie . By 1975 , Lennon decided to take a break from the industry, not producing another record until just before he was killed in 1980 . Bibliography H.A. Goldman : The Lives of John Lennon (Chicago, 2001) B. Harry : The John Lennon Encyclopedia (London, 2000/ R ) P. Norman : John Lennon: the Life (New York, 2008) Jonas...

Lennon, John Anthony

Lennon, John Anthony (14 Jan 1950)   Reference library

James Chute

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
547 words

..., John Anthony ( b Greensboro, NC , 14 Jan 1950 ). Composer . He studied at the University of San Francisco (BA 1972 ) and the University of Michigan (MM 1975 , DMA 1978 ), where his composition teachers included william hugh Albright , Eugene Kurtz , George Wilson , and leslie Bassett . He has taught at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville ( 1977–94 ), and Emory University ( 1994 –). Among his awards are the Prix de Rome ( 1980 ), a Guggenheim Fellowship ( 1981 ), a Deutscher Akademischer Austauschdienst residency ( 1986 ), and grants from...

Lennon John

Lennon John   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Popular Music (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music
Length:
2,991 words

...John Lennon's Eyes (A Personal Sketchbook) , John Lennon . Cadence Books (USA).1993. In His Own Write , John Lennon . Jonathan Cape (UK).1964. The Penguin John Lennon , John Lennon . Penguin (UK).1966. The Playboy Interviews With John Lennon And Yoko Ono , John Lennon . New English Library (UK).1982. Search For Liberation: A Conversation Between John Lennon And Swami Bhaktiredant , John Lennon . Bhaktivedanta Book Trust (USA).1981. Skywriting By Word Of Mouth , John Lennon . Harper & Row (USA) Pan Books (UK).1986. A Spaniard In The Works , John Lennon ....

Lennon, John - Imagine

Lennon, John - Imagine   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Popular Music (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music
Length:
110 words

..., John - Imagine John Lennon’s magnificent solo debut, although powerful, did not have the universal commercial appeal of this album. Lennon veered from spitting anger in ‘How Do You Sleep?’, ‘Give Me Some Truth’ and cruel humour with ‘Crippled Inside’, yet the man was capable of intense romanticism as highlighted in ‘Jealous Guy’ and ‘Oh My Love’. Those who resented Lennon for his part in the Beatles break-up, finally relented and began to love him again with this collection. The title-track will stand as a classic of popular song and one that should be...

Lennon, John - Shaved Fish

Lennon, John - Shaved Fish   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Popular Music (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music
Length:
133 words

..., John - Shaved Fish Once again the age of CD has surpassed this 1975 release with The John Lennon Collection , but at the time it was novel to have a greatest hits record from an ex-Beatle, such was his talent. His appalling death in 1980 prompted an uncomfortable jump in sales of his back catalogue, and a reissue of many of the hits contained herein. His anthems seemed to come alive when we came to terms with the reality of losing him. And he was right all along - just read the titles out aloud to yourself. John Lennon was a difficult man, sometimes...

Lennon, John - Mind Games

Lennon, John - Mind Games   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Popular Music (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music
Length:
189 words

..., John - Mind Games On this disc, Lennon tackled his usual messages including love (of Yoko and mankind in general), peppy optimism in the face of dire circumstances and humorous observations of crazy times and conditions. The breadth of his interests had always been gargantuan and somehow when Lennon switched between the global focus of the title track to the personal ‘Yoko (I’m Sorry, I’m Sorry, Yoko)’, he convinces us that these sentiments are not all that far apart. The playful, sexy ‘Tight As’ is a jaunty rock-a-billy number reminding us that Lennon...

Lennon, John - John Lennon/Plastic Ono Band

Lennon, John - John Lennon/Plastic Ono Band   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Popular Music (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music
Length:
127 words

..., John - John Lennon/Plastic Ono Band Now referred to as the primal scream album, John Lennon allowed his tonsils and heart to bleed in a powerful exorcism of many of his demons. The plea for his lost mother in ‘Mother’ is as desperate as the realization expressed in ‘I Found Out’, with ‘I’ve seen religion from Jesus to Paul’. His Yoko Ono songs are also a reassurance that, throughout this therapy, his Yoko was always there, and history has shown that it was his Yoko that helped him make it through. ‘Working Class Hero’ is another equally powerful track,...

Lennon, John - Walls And Bridges

Lennon, John - Walls And Bridges   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Popular Music (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music
Length:
185 words

...instrumental by the Bar-Kays, ‘Soul Finger’. ‘Ya Ya’ is a true oddity: Lennon and 11-year-old son Julian, future rock star in his own right, in a short, bluesy piano/drum duet. Of course there is also his duet with Elton John on the partying, fun-loving ‘Whatever Gets You Through The Night’. The gem of the bunch, though, is ‘#9 Dream’, easily one of Lennon’s best post-Beatles efforts, steering through myriad moods and grooves adding up to a bona fide pop masterpiece. See also John Lennon...

Lennon, John - Rock 'N' Roll

Lennon, John - Rock 'N' Roll   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Popular Music (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music
Length:
172 words

..., John - Rock 'N' Roll In the five years following the break-up of the Beatles, John Lennon established himself as a critically and commercially successful solo artist in addition to dealing with a number of private and public tribulations. Lennon eventually released Rock ‘N’ Roll , a batch of covers ranging the gamut of early rock classics from the 50s and 60s. Lennon threw himself lovingly into this project that hearkened back to the simpler times of being a teenager smitten with the sounds of Chuck Berry and Little Richard (both of whom are represented...

Lennon, John - Sometime In New York City

Lennon, John - Sometime In New York City   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Popular Music (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music
Length:
206 words

..., John - Sometime In New York City These were possibly the most tuneful agit-prop songs ever committed to disc. While Lennon claimed to have always been politically minded, given his working- class upbringing in the class-conscious UK, (‘I’ve been satirizing the system since my childhood’. he once mused), rock-pop sensibilities, clever wordplay or matters of the heart usually took precedence in his musical output. But here Lennon and Yoko, accompanied by New York’s Elephant’s Memory, sing and scream freely against sexism in ‘Woman Is the Nigger Of The...

Lennon, John, And Yoko Ono - Unfinished Music No 1: Two Virgins

Lennon, John, And Yoko Ono - Unfinished Music No 1: Two Virgins   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Popular Music (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music
Length:
110 words

..., John, And Yoko Ono - Unfinished Music No 1: Two Virgins Controversy raged when the sleeve for this album was first seen as it featured both performers naked. An equally vociferous furore surrounded its content. Those expecting Beatles-style melodies and a passive woman singer were thrown into disarray by its uncompromising, avant garde material, where found-sound and improvised instrumentation supported Yoko Ono’s strident, braying, largely wordless vocals. Borrowing the John Cage dictum that all noise is music, the pair demanded a response, suggesting...

Lennon, John, And Yoko Ono - Unfinished Music No 2: Life With The Lions

Lennon, John, And Yoko Ono - Unfinished Music No 2: Life With The Lions   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Popular Music (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music
Length:
119 words

..., John, And Yoko Ono - Unfinished Music No 2: Life With The Lions The second collaborative album by pop’s premier couple exemplified their avant garde aspirations. On ‘Cambridge 69’, recorded live at the city’s Lady Mitchell Hall, John Lennon’s feedback guitar and Yoko Ono’s spontaneous vocals were accompanied by free music acolytes John Tchikai (saxophone) and John Stevens (drums). Other deeply personal selections chronicled the pair’s travails. ‘Baby’s Heartbeat’ was a tangible momento of a child later miscarried, while on ‘No Bed For Beatle John’, Ono...

Dark Tourism

Dark Tourism   Reference library

John Lennon

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Crime, Media, and Popular Culture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
9,558 words

...was vacant for many years, and the push for demolition was very strong before a local conservation society eventually succeeded in promoting the building to commemorate the life of President John F. Kennedy (see Lennon & Foley, 2000 , for further discussion). In the U.K., the disguise of another address associated with notorious crimes was evident at the home of John Christie at 10 Rillington Place, London. This location underwent a name change after the execution of its owner in 1953 . Christie, who confessed to the murders of four women including his...

Beatles, The

Beatles, The   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Music (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music
Length:
209 words

...The English pop group. Attained worldwide popularity and critical acclaim during 1960s, chiefly in songs by two of the members, John Lennon ( b Liverpool , 1940 ; d NY , 1980 ) and Paul McCartney ( b Liverpool , 1942 ). Formed and named in Liverpool c. 1957 by Lennon , with McCartney and George Harrison ( b Liverpool , 1943 ; d Los Angeles , 2001 ). Played at Casbah and Cavern Clubs, Liverpool, until invited to Hamburg, 1960 , wheretwo extra members were Stuart Sutcliffe (electric bass guitar) and Pete Best (drums)....

Beatles

Beatles   Reference library

A. S. Hargreaves

The Oxford Companion to British History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
59 words

.... The Beatles, a 1960s Liverpool pop group, were the decade’s most commercially successful rock-pop musicians and a social phenomenon (‘Beatlemania’) in crystallizing youth culture. The later musical experimentalism of John Lennon (murdered, 1980 ) and Paul McCartney , the main songwriters of the ‘Fab Four’, subverted, revolutionized, and continues to influence popular culture for younger generations. A. S....

Beatles

Beatles   Quick reference

A Dictionary of British History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
51 words

...The Beatles, a 1960s Liverpool pop group, were the decade's most commercially successful rock‐pop musicians and a social phenomenon (‘Beatlemania’) epitomizing youth culture. The later musical experimentalism of John Lennon (murdered, 1980 ) and Paul McCartney , the songwriters of the ‘Fab Four’, subverted, revolutionized, and continues to influence popular...

McCartney, Sir Paul

McCartney, Sir Paul (1942)   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Music (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music
Length:
62 words

...Sir Paul ( b Liverpool , 1942 ) English songwriter, guitarist, pianist , and organist . Wrote first song 1956 . Member of the Beatles 1960–70 ; formed new group Wings 1971 . Comp. Liverpool Oratorio (with Carl Davis ), 1991 , and many songs (some with John Lennon ) incl. Eleanor Rigby, Yesterday . Music for several films. Over 200,000,000 recordings of his comps. sold. Knighted 1997...

Beatles, the

Beatles, the   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Companion to English Literature (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Literature
Length:
105 words

...George Harrison , John Lennon , Paul McCartney , and ‘Ringo Starr ’), whose songs and lifestyle, from 1962 until their break‐up in 1970 , attracted a vast following. Many of their lyrics (e.g. ‘Penny Lane’, ‘Eleanor Rigby’, ‘She's Leaving Home’) have been highly praised, and they had a considerable influence on the success of the Liverpool poets and the underground poetry movement. Philip Larkin described their work as ‘an enchanting and intoxicating hybrid of Negro rock‐and‐roll with their own adolescent romanticism’. John Lennon was murdered in...

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