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John Lennon

Subject: Music

B. John Winston Lennon, 9 October 1940, Liverpool, Lancashire, England, d. 8 December 1980, New York City, New York, USA. John Winston Ono Lennon has been exhumed in print more ...

Lennon, John

Lennon, John (9 Oct 1940)   Reference library

Jonas Westover

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
245 words

... Elton John and David Bowie . By 1975 , Lennon decided to take a break from the industry, not producing another record until just before he was killed in 1980 . Bibliography H.A. Goldman : The Lives of John Lennon (Chicago, 2001) B. Harry : The John Lennon Encyclopedia (London, 2000/ R ) P. Norman : John Lennon: the Life (New York, 2008) Jonas...

Lennon, John Anthony

Lennon, John Anthony (14 Jan 1950)   Reference library

James Chute

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
547 words

..., John Anthony ( b Greensboro, NC , 14 Jan 1950 ). Composer . He studied at the University of San Francisco (BA 1972 ) and the University of Michigan (MM 1975 , DMA 1978 ), where his composition teachers included william hugh Albright , Eugene Kurtz , George Wilson , and leslie Bassett . He has taught at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville ( 1977–94 ), and Emory University ( 1994 –). Among his awards are the Prix de Rome ( 1980 ), a Guggenheim Fellowship ( 1981 ), a Deutscher Akademischer Austauschdienst residency ( 1986 ), and grants from...

Beatles, the

Beatles, the   Reference library

Walter Everett

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,249 words

...the . English pop group. George Harrison ( b Liverpool, England, 25 Feb 1943 ; d Los Angeles, CA, 29 Nov 2001 ), John Lennon (John Winston (Ono) Lennon; b Liverpool, 9 Oct 1940 ; d New York, NY, 8 Dec 1980 ), Paul McCartney ( James Paul McCartney ; b Liverpool, 18 June 1942 ), and Ringo Starr ( Richard Starkey ; b 7 July 1940 ). They were the world's most popular musical force from 1964 through their 1970 break-up, and their legacy has continued to be highly influential for subsequent artists, the entertainment industry,...

Ono, Yoko

Ono, Yoko (1933)   Reference library

Benezit Dictionary of Asian Artists

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

.... Neo-Dadaism, Fluxus. After settling in New York, Yoko Ono initially took an active role in the Fluxus group, organising concerts (particularly of La Monte Young) and putting up artists from the group (George Brecht, Allan Kaprow, George Segal). After marrying the singer John Lennon of the Beatles, she broke of from her own activities as an artist and took part in demonstrations for peace and for the emancipation of women. Following the assassination of her husband, she returned to her work as an artist. In the 1960s, during her period with the Fluxus ...

Lennon, Sean

Lennon, Sean (9 Oct 1975)   Reference library

Wendy F. Hsu

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
306 words

..., Sean ( Taro Ono ) ( b New York, NY , 9 Oct 1975 ). Rock songwriter , singer , guitarist , and musician ; son of john Lennon and yoko Ono . Sean Lennon was born in New York City on his father's 35th birthday. He attended a boarding school in Switzerland and, briefly, Columbia University. His earliest musical endeavors were associated with his mother Yoko Ono. On Season of Glass , he recited a story that his father used to tell him. He also collaborated with his mother on the albums It's Alright (I See Rainbows) and Starpeace . In 1995 ,...

Ono, Yoko

Ono, Yoko (18 Feb 1933)   Reference library

David W. Bernstein and Wendy F. Hsu

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
784 words

...screams, sighs, moans, gasps, and multi-phonics. After Ono's marriage to john Lennon in 1969 , the couple performed as a group throughout the late 1960s and 70s. A notable music project of this era was the Plastic Ono Band, a concept band consisting Ono, Lennon, and a rotating group of musicians. Ono conceived of the band first as an imaginary ensemble with tape recorders and microphones, as a supergroup with a flexible membership. Intersecting rock music and avant-garde styles, Lennon and Ono performed alongside Eric Clapton, Klaus Voorman, and Alan White at...

Hilburn

Hilburn (25 Sept 1939)   Reference library

Eric Hung

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
363 words

...until his retirement in 2005 . He published his memoirs, Corn Flakes with John Lennon and Other Tales from a Rock ‘n’ Roll Life (Emmaus, PA, 2009 ). Hilburn's writings for the Los Angeles Times established him as one of the world's preeminent pop critics. He believes that a critic's main tasks are to discover great young talent and to follow the careers of major artists. Some find his writings to be flowery and overly reverential to his favorite musicians, such as John Lennon, Bruce Springsteen, Bob Dylan, and Bono. His ability to conduct insightful...

Spector, Phil(lip Harvey)

Spector, Phil(lip Harvey) (25 Dec 1940)   Reference library

Paul D. Fischer

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
520 words

...circulated. Largely retired in the 1970s, Spector reemerged professionally to produce John Lennon's album Instant Karma. He then mixed The Beatles’ Let It Be , winning an Oscar for the film soundtrack. He also produced George Harrison's All Things Must Pass and Lennon/Ono's Some Time in New York City , and recorded The Concert for Bangladesh , winning a Grammy Award. Later production credits ranged from Leonard Cohen's Death of a Ladies’ Man and John Lennon's Imagine to The Ramones’ End of the Century . Widely acclaimed for his studio wizardry,...

King Curtis

King Curtis (7 Feb 1934)   Reference library

David Brackett

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
247 words

...successfully under his own name ( 1962–70 ). These recordings capitalized on the popularity of soul jazz, using blues-derived harmonic progressions, open-ended vamps and syncopated riffs. In the late 1960s he became the musical director for Aretha Franklin and was working on John Lennon's album Imagine at the time of his death in 1971 . King Curtis was inspired by such saxophonists as Louis Jordan, Illinois Jacquet, Earl Bostic, and Gene Ammons. Although he was influenced by the rhythm and blues “honkin’” style of the 1940s and 50s, his playing reveals a...

Geffen

Geffen   Reference library

Thane Tierney

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
293 words

...years later, striking a deal with Warner's chairman Steve Ross to form a joint venture label, fully funded by Warner. Geffen Records started by signing well-known artists, including John Lennon and Donna Summer (whose album The Wanderer was the label's first release), but the roster quickly expanded to a mix of emerging and established acts, including Sammy Hagar, Asia, Elton John, Neil Young, Joni Mitchell, and Peter Gabriel. In 1984 Geffen approached Ross to obtain a $5 million advance against the company's future profits, but Ross countered by offering...

Jones, Joe

Jones, Joe (19 June 1934)   Reference library

David W. Bernstein

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
323 words

...In Smoking (Fluxfilm no.18), for example, Jones exhales smoke from a cigarette. In 1969 Jones opened the Music Store in Manhattan, a shop in which his self-playing mechanical instruments could be activated by visitors or passersby. Several Fluxus events featuring John Lennon and Yoko Ono took place in this venue. Jones left New York in 1972 , eventually settling in Wiesbaden. A retrospective exhibition of his work was held at the DAAD Galerie, Berlin in 1990 . Bibliography GroveI (H. Davies) Joe Jones: Music Machines from the Sixties until Now ...

Crawford, Michael

Crawford, Michael (19 Jan 1944)   Reference library

Jessica Sternfeld

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
273 words

...Woman in White , which ran in London in 2004 . His numerous film credits include several musicals and music-related films; he played Hero with Zero Mostel in Sondheim's A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum ( 1966 ), appeared in How I Won the War ( 1967 ) with John Lennon , and played Cornelius in Hello, Dolly! (with Barbra Streisand, 1969 ). His other awards include the Olivier for best actor in a musical for the British productions of Barnum ( 1981 ) and Phantom of the Opera ( 1986 ). He also has a successful career as a solo singer and...

Foster, David (Walter)

Foster, David (Walter) (1 Nov 1949)   Reference library

S. Timothy Maloney

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
266 words

... ( b Victoria, BC , 1 Nov 1949 ). Record producer , songwriter , arranger , and pianist . After playing keyboards with Chuck Berry and Ronnie Hawkins in his teens, he went to Los Angeles, where he became a studio musician recording in the mid-1970s with Michael Jackson, John Lennon, and other major artists. By the early 1980s, Foster had become a leading record producer, collaborating with musicians ranging from Bryan Adams, Mariah Carey, Chicago, and Alice Cooper to Barbra Streisand, Neil Diamond, and Andrea Bocelli. Three of his biggest commercial and...

Standard

Standard   Reference library

Richard Carlin

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
327 words

...of the 1950s or Frank Sinatra. Composers such as Irving Berlin, Jerome Kern, George Gershwin, and their contemporaries are most likely to see their works accepted into this category, with a few more recent composers such as Stephen Sondheim or Jerry Herman also recognized. John Lennon and Paul McCartney in their most commercial work—such as in songs like “Yesterday” or “In My Life”—also have earned their placement in this club. Although originally defined by music critics and scholars—notably writers such as Alec Wilder in his landmark study American...

Blood, Sweat and Tears

Blood, Sweat and Tears   Reference library

George Double

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
462 words

...material. The band played jazz standards such as Billie Holiday 's “God bless the child” and Herbie Hancock 's “Maiden Voyage,” as well as versions of songs by Laura Nyro (“And When I Die,” “He's a runner”), Brenda Holloway (“You’ve made me so very happy”), John Lennon and Paul McCartney (“Got to get you into my life”), and Mick Jagger and Keith Richards (“Sympathy for the Devil”). Much of the original material framing these came from Katz and the band's second and longest-serving singer, the Canadian David Clayton-Thomas, who joined...

Brecker, Michael

Brecker, Michael (29 March 1949)   Reference library

Brenda Pennell and Barry Long

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
591 words

...Gomez , and Steve Gadd (later replaced by Peter Erskine ). From 1970 he also worked frequently as a session musician with a number of jazz and rock artists, contributing to more than 400 projects. His collaborators included Eric Clapton , Chick Corea , Don Grolnick , John Lennon , Joni Mitchell , Pat Metheny , Charles Mingus , Jaco Pastorius , David Sanborn , Bruce Springsteen , James Taylor , and Frank Zappa . His characteristic style is perhaps best captured on Metheny's album 80/81 ( 1980 , ECM), which also offers an exquisitely beautiful...

Bermel, Derek

Bermel, Derek (14 Oct 1967)   Reference library

Eliot Gattegno

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
607 words

...glissandi and quarter-tones to capture the emotional and even sensual nature of gospel music. Elixir is a work that reflects Bermels eclectic musical influences. The composer calls it “a spectral love potion,” reflecting influences as varied as Charles Ives , Gesualdo , John Lennon , and the Isley Brothers . He has received numerous commissions from prestigious organizations, established ensembles and renowned performers, including the Music Society of Lincoln Center, Indianapolis SO, New Jersey SO, Pittsburgh SO, Saint Louis SO, eighth blackbird, the...

Hinduism

Hinduism   Reference library

Guy L. Beck

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,218 words

...admiration for Hinduism and its music among the hippie generation. Shankar also made an imprint upon the American composers Philip Glass and Terry Riley, as well as on jazz legend John Coltrane. Shankar's concertos for sitar and orchestra are performed and conducted by sitarist anoushka Shankar , who inherited her father's legacy. The association of Beatles John Lennon and George Harrison with Maharishi Mahesh Yogi and A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami made it desirable for musicians to maintain affiliations with Hindu gurus. In the 1970s, Swami Nadabrahmananda...

Hancock, Herbie

Hancock, Herbie (12 April 1940)   Reference library

Bill Dobbins and Barry Long

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,215 words

...crossover influences and collaborators. His recording River: the Joni Letters ( 2007 , Verve) featured compositions by Joni Mitchell and became only the second jazz album to win the Grammy Award for Album of the Year, and his tribute to John Lennon, The Imagine Project ( 2010 , Hancock), included such varied artists as John Legend, Dave Matthews, and The Chieftains. Works ( selective list ) Inst: Driftin’, Watermelon Man (from Takin’ Off; 1962 , BN); Cantaloupe Island, One Finger Snap (from Empyrean Isles; 1964 , BN); Dolphin Dance, Little One, Maiden...

Rolling Stones, the

Rolling Stones, the   Reference library

Rob Bowman

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,298 words

...his death in 1985 . Incredibly, a month after Oldham became involved, they signed a contract with Decca Records, releasing their first single, a cover of Chuck Berry's “Come On,” in June. “Come On” peaked at number 21 in the UK charts. The band's second single, a cover of Lennon and McCartney's “I wanna be your man,” did a bit better, reaching the number 12 position in the British charts. In February 1964 , the group's third single, a cover of Buddy Holly's “Not Fade Away,” shot straight to number 3. The Stones first toured North America in June 1964 ...

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