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John Lennon

Subject: Music

B. John Winston Lennon, 9 October 1940, Liverpool, Lancashire, England, d. 8 December 1980, New York City, New York, USA. John Winston Ono Lennon has been exhumed in print more ...

Lennon, John

Lennon, John (1940–1980)   Quick reference

Who's Who in the Twentieth Century

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
History
Length:
307 words

...will be best remembered. ‘Whatever Gets You Through the Night’ (a duet with Elton John from Walls and Bridges ) was Lennon's only post-Beatle record to top the charts in the USA. In 1975 , after a long battle, Lennon was granted legal residency in the USA, and Yoko gave birth to their son (with Elton John as godfather). Thereafter Lennon became virtually a recluse for five years, concentrating on being a father. Just as he and Yoko were about to resume a public career, Lennon was murdered by a psychopath on the steps of his apartment...

Beatles

Beatles   Reference library

A. S. Hargreaves

The Oxford Companion to British History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
59 words

.... The Beatles, a 1960s Liverpool pop group, were the decade’s most commercially successful rock-pop musicians and a social phenomenon (‘Beatlemania’) in crystallizing youth culture. The later musical experimentalism of John Lennon (murdered, 1980 ) and Paul McCartney , the main songwriters of the ‘Fab Four’, subverted, revolutionized, and continues to influence popular culture for younger generations. A. S....

Michael X

Michael X (1933–1975)   Reference library

Camille Alexander

Dictionary of Caribbean and Afro–Latin American Biography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,216 words

...Racial Adjustment Action Society (RAAS), the acronym of which is Jamaican slang for “ass.” Michael also cofounded an organization called Defense, as well as the London Free School (LFS), with John “Hoppy” Hopkins, a political activist. He used his skills as a hustler and his charm with women to procure financial support from many notable patrons, including John Lennon and Yoko Ono. Michael organized the first Notting Hill Carnival with the LFS that year, converted to Islam, and took the name Michael Abdul Malik. In 1967 Malik became the first nonwhite...

Addison-Lewis, Carol Linda

Addison-Lewis, Carol Linda (1950s– )   Reference library

James Clyde Sellman

Dictionary of Caribbean and Afro–Latin American Biography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
818 words

...song, “Tricked and Trapped,” on the B-side. Her first full-length album, Born to Shine ( 1976 ), was released on the Trinidadian label KH Records. It featured American-style gospel-inflected soul music and included what became Addison’s signature numbers: “Born to Shine,” John Lennon’s “Imagine,” and “Take Me Back.” In 2012 , Peter Ray Blood, who covers music and entertainment for the Trinidad and Tobago Guardian , compiled a list of Trinidad’s top 50 pop hits from the 1960s through the 1990s, and he included all three selections. On the other hand,...

Rubalcaba, Gonzalo

Rubalcaba, Gonzalo (1963– )   Reference library

Jennifer Carolina Gómez Menjívar

Dictionary of Caribbean and Afro–Latin American Biography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,092 words

...Although the crowd outside waved Cuban flags, threw bottles, spat on concertgoers, and launched slurs at them, Rubalcaba went ahead with the performance. Before commencing the concert, he thanked the three hundred people who sat in the 1,700-seat theater and began to play John Lennon’s song “Imagine.” Gonzalo is recognized as one of the most accomplished Cuban musicians of his generation. As of 2015 he had received fifteen Grammy nominations, and won a Latin Grammy for Jazz Album of the Year, for Supernova ( 2001 ), and a Grammy for his coproduction of ...

Battle of Bunker Hill

Battle of Bunker Hill  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(17 June 1775)A battle in the American War of Independence ending in a British victory. Thomas Gage, the British commander besieged in Boston, sent 2400 troops (redcoats) to take the heights occupied ...
pornography

pornography  

Explicit depiction, in pictures, writing, or other material, of sexual subjects or activity in a manner intended to arouse. It does not include material intended for other educational, artistic or ...
Beatles

Beatles   Quick reference

A Dictionary of British History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
51 words

...The Beatles, a 1960s Liverpool pop group, were the decade's most commercially successful rock‐pop musicians and a social phenomenon (‘Beatlemania’) epitomizing youth culture. The later musical experimentalism of John Lennon (murdered, 1980 ) and Paul McCartney , the songwriters of the ‘Fab Four’, subverted, revolutionized, and continues to influence popular...

recusancy

recusancy   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Irish History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
365 words

...were extended to women, but were difficult to collect outside Dublin. Royal plans for a Spanish marriage followed by the Graces eased the pressure on Catholics until the lord justiceship of Richard Boyle and Adam Loftus in 1629 . Lennon, Colm , The Lords of Dublin in the Age of the Reformation (1989) McCavitt, John , Recusant History (1991) Hiram...

Hoover, J. Edgar

Hoover, J. Edgar (1895–1972)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to United States History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
502 words

...discredit” targeted individuals and organizations. The subjects of FBI investigations ranged from Communist party activists to Eleanor Roosevelt , the actor Rock Hudson, the author Ernest Hemingway , the baseball star Mickey Mantle, the poet Allen Ginsberg, and the rock star John Lennon. Furthermore, Hoover authorized a series of programs that targeted civil rights and radical organizations for the explicit purpose of discrediting and neutralizing them. Hoover particularly sought to discredit Martin Luther King Jr. , by circulating information about King's...

Beatles, The

Beatles, The   Reference library

Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
832 words

...The . The British rock group called the Beatles grew out of a skiffle group called the Quarry Men, formed by the guitarist John Lennon ( 1940–1980 ) in 1956 ; members soon included the guitarists Paul McCartney ( b. 1942 ) and George Harrison ( 1943–2001 ). After changing names from the Silver Beetles to the Beatles the group turned from a light skiffle style to harder-edged rock and roll, mainly derived from American rhythm and blues. From late 1960 to late 1962 , the band played in and around Liverpool and developed their ability to perform a...

Broadwater Farm riots

Broadwater Farm riots   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Black British History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,034 words

...council invested considerable resources into the estate, with about £33 million spent on redesigning its layout, giving each block a unique identity. A huge mural painted on the side of one of the council blocks features Martin Luther King , M. K. Gandhi , Bob Marley , and John Lennon —four apostles of peace looking down on what many consider to be a transformed Broadwater Farm. Not only does the estate look and feel different; the previous ethnic mix of the predominately white working class and Afro‐Caribbean population has changed and the estate now boasts...

Pornography

Pornography   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Enlightenment

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945)
Length:
2,765 words

...Samuel Pepys among many others. Wagner, Peter . Eros Revived: Erotica of the Enlightenment in England and America . London, 1988. Although sloppily written and factually slipshod, this volume offers lavish illustrations and quotes copiously from pornographic texts. H. J. Ormsby-Lennon and Joseph...

Rationalism

Rationalism   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Enlightenment

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945)
Length:
4,522 words

...secundum principia D. Renati Descartes, first published in 1672. Leibniz, Gottfried Wilhelm . Philosophical Essays . Edited and translated by Roger Ariew and Daniel Garber . Indianapolis, 1989. Malebranche, Nicolas . The Search After Truth . Translated by Thomas M . Lennon and Paul J. Olscamp . Columbus, 1980. English translation of Recherche de la vérité, originally published in 1674. Mendelssohn, Moses . Philosophical Writings . Translated and edited by Daniel O. Dahlstrom . Cambridge, 1997. English translation of Philosophische Schriften ,...

Satire

Satire   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Enlightenment

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945)
Length:
2,833 words

...its classical and European contexts. Weinbrot, Howard D. Eighteenth-Century Satire: Essays on Text and Context from Dryden to Peter Pindar . Cambridge, 1988. A wide-ranging collection of scholarly essays that explore both satiric theory and individual authors. H. J. Ormsby-...

Literature

Literature   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Maritime History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
History, Military History
Length:
15,480 words
Illustration(s):
1

...It included “Tales from Hakluyt” as a regular feature from 1925 to 1927 . Although it was primarily interested in travel essays, it also published a number of sea essays, including some essays associated with Conrad, such as “The End of Conrad’s Earliest Command” (P. Ormsby Lennon’s obituary for Otago ) and “With Joseph Conrad on the High Seas,” by W. M. Parker . The magazine Sea Breezes , which was founded in 1916 by the Pacific Steam Navigation Company, continues to publish essays on ships and voyages. Hilaire Belloc, during the course of his...

Immigration to American Cities, 1800–1924

Immigration to American Cities, 1800–1924   Reference library

Hidetaka Hirota

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Urban History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
9,529 words

... 1860 13.2 1870 14.4 1880 13.3 1890 14.8 1900 13.6 1910 14.7 1920 13.2 Source : US Bureau of the Census, Historical Census Statistics on the Foreign-Born Population of the United States: 1850 to 1990 , compiled by Campbell Gibson and Emily Lennon (Washington, DC: US Bureau of the Census, Population Division, 1999), 22. The so-called “old” immigrant groups, such as the English, Irish, and Germans, continued to come to the United States. Traditional ethnic prejudice against the Irish and Germans never disappeared, but their...

Migrant Labor

Migrant Labor   Reference library

Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
6,356 words
Illustration(s):
2

...United States (Percent Distribution per Region of Birth) E urope A sia A frica O ceania L atin A merica N orth A merica 1880 86.2 1.6 — 0.1 1.3 10.7 1890 86.9 1.2 — 0.1 1.2 10.6 1980 39.0 19.3 1.5 0.6 33.1 6.5 1990 22.9 26.3 1.9 0.5 44.3 4.0 S ource : Campbell Gibson and Emily Lennon, Historical Census Statistics on the Foreign-born Population of the United States: 1850–1990 (Population Division Working Paper no. 29; Washington, D.C.: U.S. Census Bureau, 1999 ). Available at http://www.census.gov/population/www/documentation/twps0029/twps0029.html . Just...

Rock and Roll

Rock and Roll   Reference library

Eric Weisbard

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Urban History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
14,580 words

... 1964 the Beatles arrived in America, taking over Top 40 in a British Invasion. Much had happened earlier in the decade: a folk craze, girl groups and Beach Boys, Motown Records, the Twist. But Beatlemania was a rock and roll revival. “Nothing really affected me until Elvis,” John Lennon said, and the Fab Four used an Ed Sullivan TV appearance to become iconic much as Presley had. “I Want to Hold Your Hand” was not the message: that transmitted when the music surged in pace and girls in Sullivan’s audience screamed and took over the camera. 9 Unlike before, this...

McCartney, Sir Paul

McCartney, Sir Paul (1942– )   Quick reference

Who's Who in the Twentieth Century

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
History
Length:
369 words

...most successful post-Beatle career of the four. He was knighted in 1997 and made a Companion of Honour in 2017 . Born in Liverpool, he bought a guitar in 1956 and a year later joined the Quarrymen, a skiffle group led by John Lennon . This group later became the phenomenally successful band The Beatles. The combination of Lennon's acerbity and McCartney's melodic genius made them by far the most influential songwriters of the 1960s. After The Beatles broke up in 1970 , McCartney formed the band Wings, which was in existence longer than The Beatles...

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