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John Lennon

Subject: Music

B. John Winston Lennon, 9 October 1940, Liverpool, Lancashire, England, d. 8 December 1980, New York City, New York, USA. John Winston Ono Lennon has been exhumed in print more ...

Ono, Yoko

Ono, Yoko (1933)   Reference library

Benezit Dictionary of Asian Artists

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

.... Neo-Dadaism, Fluxus. After settling in New York, Yoko Ono initially took an active role in the Fluxus group, organising concerts (particularly of La Monte Young) and putting up artists from the group (George Brecht, Allan Kaprow, George Segal). After marrying the singer John Lennon of the Beatles, she broke of from her own activities as an artist and took part in demonstrations for peace and for the emancipation of women. Following the assassination of her husband, she returned to her work as an artist. In the 1960s, during her period with the Fluxus ...

Fluxus

Fluxus   Reference library

Dore Bowen

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
4,677 words

...in her Fluxfilms—shot by Peter Moore on a high-speed camera that reduces the speed of the film—Ono further explores the problem. In Film No. 5 (Smile) ( 1968 ), for example, the camera focuses on John Lennon’s face as it prepares to smile, smiles, and relaxes. The film runs fifty-two minutes, and the viewer is challenged to isolate the precise moment when Lennon actually smiles. However, despite the fact that the film is subtitled “Smile,” Film No. 5 demonstrates the impossibility of perceiving a smile at the pace given by the film, thus suggesting that...

Portraiture

Portraiture   Reference library

Richard Brilliant and Ernst van Alphen

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
5,834 words
Illustration(s):
3

...order to secure its own being. The portrayer has enriched the interiority of the portrayed self by bestowing exterior form to it. Portrait of Frida Kahlo, ca . 1944 (gelatin silver print), Lola Alvarez Bravo. corcoran gallery of art, washington, d.c., usa / gift of mr. robert lennon and mr. ramon osuna / in memory of gene baro / the bridgeman art library The portrait, however, does more than this. Not only does it give authority to the self portrayed, but also to the mimetic conception of artistic representation that produces that increase of authority. Since...

Pipilotti Rist

Pipilotti Rist  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(1962– )Swiss Video and installation artist, born in Rheintal. Born Charlotte Rist, she changed her name to Pipilotti in 1986, the year she began studying video at Basle College of Design, as a ...
Yoko Ono

Yoko Ono  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(1933– )Japanese artist, active mainly in the USA. She had her first solo exhibition in New York in 1961; it included a Painting to be stepped on and a Smoke painting, made by lighting a painting ...
pornography

pornography  

Explicit depiction, in pictures, writing, or other material, of sexual subjects or activity in a manner intended to arouse. It does not include material intended for other educational, artistic or ...
Terence Conran

Terence Conran  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(1931– )Conran has played a seminal role in changing attitudes in design retailing in Britain since 1964 when he established the first Habitat in the Fulham Road, London. An active designer and ...
Leibovitz, Annie

Leibovitz, Annie (b. 1949)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Photograph

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
115 words

...( 1975 ). In 1983 she joined Vanity Fair , specializing in stylish, meticulously planned celebrity portraits. A cover picture of the actress Demi Moore, nude and pregnant ( 1991 ), was sensational. Iconic , however, had been her portrait of Yoko Ono and John Lennon shortly before Lennon's murder in 1980 . In 1999 she published Women , a collection of 170 American female portraits, mostly of non‐celebrities, with an introduction by Susan Sontag . Annie Leibovitz: Photographs 1970–1990 ...

Rist, Pipilotti

Rist, Pipilotti (1962–)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Modern and Contemporary Art (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
246 words

...colourful work draws on popular culture, and in Switzerland and Germany she has attained something of the status of a pop star. I'm not the girl who misses much ( 1986 ) shows the artist dancing ecstatically to the distorted singing of a John Lennon song. When a little over half-way through the actual voice of Lennon is heard, the warmth of the sound has an overwhelming impact. The original words are ‘ You're not the girl who misses much’: Rist has dramatized the effect of music on the psyche in a remarkably original manner. Ever is Over All ( 1997 ,...

Ono, Yoko

Ono, Yoko (1933–)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Modern and Contemporary Art (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
292 words

...of the audience to cut off her clothing. Influenced by John Cage 's ideas of noise as music she had the cutting sounds amplified. The performances are said to have been very different in mood, the New York one being far more aggressive, with blatant racism and sexism being displayed by the audience. When the work was recreated in Paris in 2003 as a demonstration for peace, The Guardian reported that the audience was disappointingly timid and polite. In 1966 Ono met the Beatle John Lennon ( 1940–80 ) at an exhibition of her work. They subsequently...

Monroe, Marilyn

Monroe, Marilyn (1926–62)   Reference library

Robin Lenman

The Oxford Companion to the Photograph

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
369 words

...of her, Beaton , Cartier‐Bresson , and Eisenstaedt . The last was Bert Stern in July 1962 , shortly before her death. Monroe photographs were also appropriated by artists from Warhol in the 1960s to the Chinese Dai Guangyu in the 1990s. With Dean, Elvis Presley , John Lennon , and Diana , princess of Wales, she was a global icon of the later 20th century, and perhaps the most photogenic. RL Robin Lenman Stern, B. , The Last Sitting (1982). Dienes, A. de , Marilyn Mon Amour (1986). Dyer, R. , Heavenly Bodies: Film Stars and Society ...

Taylor-Wood, Sam

Taylor-Wood, Sam (1967–)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Modern and Contemporary Art (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
450 words

...icons, with Elton John in the centre holding court. The artist regarded it as a contemporary version of the Parthenon frieze. The Crying Men ( 2002 ) is a series of videos of weeping film stars including Paul Newman and Robin Williams . David ( 2004 , National Portrait Gallery) is a one-hour video of the well-known footballer David Beckham asleep. Now known as Sam Taylor-Johnson, she has moved into the world of mainstream commercial film-making as the director of Nowhere Boy ( 2009 ), an account of the early life of John Lennon, and Fifty Shades...

iconic photographs

iconic photographs   Reference library

Robin Lenman

The Oxford Companion to the Photograph

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
489 words

... Kiss at the Hôtel de Ville ( 1950 ) evidently chimed with a hunger for individual self‐fulfilment after years of austerity and, for Americans perhaps especially, ideas of ‘romantic Europe’. Korda's Che Guevara ( 1962 ) inspired rebellious 1960s youth; Leibovitz's John Lennon and Yoko Ono ( 1980 ) filled them with nostalgia. War has generated a disproportionate number of iconic images. Capa's Falling Soldier ( 1936 ) and Omaha Beach photographs ( 1944 ) rapidly transcended the events they depicted. So did Rosenthal's Raising of the Stars and...

Fluxus

Fluxus   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of American Art and Artists (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
1,218 words

...writing appears in a number of published volumes. She continues to reside in Barrytown. Their daughter Jessica Higgins also is an artist, while Hannah Higgins, her twin, is an art historian. Yoko Ono ( 1933–  ), widely known to a popular audience after her marriage to John Lennon in 1969 , had previously established herself as a versatile New York–based conceptual artist , assemblage artist, painter, sculptor, installation artist , musician, performer, and filmmaker. Born in Tokyo, as a child she lived with her family for periods of time in the...

Conran, Terence

Conran, Terence (1931– )   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Modern Design (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
1,045 words

...and Design ( see Central School of Arts and Crafts ) in 1949 , Conran worked at the Rayon Centre, London, in 1950 and, in the following year, as a designer in Denis Lennon’s studio. Conran played a minor role designing furniture for the 1951 Festival of Britain before setting up a small furniture and design workshop in 1952 , his early clients including Edinburgh Weavers and John Lewis. He commenced his entrepreneurial career in the mid‐1950s with the launch of his Soup Kitchen restaurant, the first of three in London, with a fourth in Cambridge....

Ono, Yoko

Ono, Yoko (18 Feb 1933)   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of American Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
968 words

...with the Liverpool Daily Post dubbing her the “high priestess of the happening.” In her 1967 Lisson Gallery exhibition, Half-A-Wind , she showed household furnishings cut in half and painted white. Ono's public collaboration with Lennon debuted in June 1968 with the exhibition Four Thoughts: Yoko Ono and John Lennon at London's Arts Lab. They also released an album of musique concrete , Unfinished Music No. 1: Two Virgins , the first record issued on the Beatles' Apple label, later that year. The couple's collaborative performance works, such as...

Min, Yong Soon

Min, Yong Soon (1953)   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of American Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
667 words
Illustration(s):
1

...with Allan de Souza , a British-American Kenyan-born artist of Indian descent, on projects that often involved performances. In their Will **** for Peace ( 2002 ), the two artists reinterpreted the event Bed In for Peace that Yoko Ono and John Lennon staged to protest the war in Vietnam. They expanded Ono and Lennon's event into a multi-year, multi-media exhibition and performance in North America and in China for the 2008 Guangzhou Triennial. Min and de Souza's audience participated in expressing their views about the war in Iraq and their hopes for...

Hague, Raoul

Hague, Raoul (28 March 1905)   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of American Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
588 words

...and Twelve Americans ( 1956 ), both at the Museum of Modern Art, New York. Writings Raoul Hague (New York, 1999) Bibliography Twelve Americans (exh. cat., ed. D. Miller ; New York, MOMA, 1956) Raoul Hague (exh. cat., Washington, DC, Gal. Mod. A., 1964) J. Weinberg and B. Lennon , eds.: Raoul Hague: Sculpture 1947–1989 (New York, 1990) T. Wolf and J. Bloodgood : The Maverick: Hervey White's Colony of the Arts (Woodstock, NY, 2006) Mary M....

Leibovitz, Annie

Leibovitz, Annie (2 Oct 1949)   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of American Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
1,608 words

...poses, are imbued with the saturated colors that become Leibovitz's signature style. She later collaborated with her portrait subjects, directing them with props at various locations. For Rolling Stone her most famous image depicts a nude John Lennon curled around a clothed Yoko Ono, photographed in 1981 on the day Lennon died. Other work relating to popular music includes her photography for album covers, such as Bruce Springsteen's Born in the USA album and Cyndi Lauper's True Colors album. In the dance world, Leibovitz has documented the White Oak...

U2

U2   Reference library

Jeffrey F. Keuss

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and the Arts

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Religion, Art & Architecture
Length:
2,182 words

...and hymns were my first taste of inspirational music. I liked the words but wasn’t sure about the tunes—with the exception of Psalm 23, “The Lord is my Shepherd.” I remember them droned and chanted rather than sung. Still, in an odd way, they prepared me for the honesty of John Lennon, the baroque language of Bob Dylan and Leonard Cohen, the open throat of Al Green and Stevie Wonder—when I hear these singers, I am reconnected to a part of me I have no explanation for … my “soul” I guess. ( 1999 , p. ix) The U2 catalog is peppered through with biblical...

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