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Johann Gutenberg

Subject: Literature

(c.1396–1468), inventor of printing. He was a native of Mainz. In 1448 he borrowed money, probably for developing his printing process. He printed the Mazarin Bible (q.v.) and ...

Johann Gutenberg

Johann Gutenberg  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(c.1396–1468), inventor of printing. He was a native of Mainz. In 1448 he borrowed money, probably for developing his printing process. He printed the Mazarin Bible (q.v.) and other works.
Gutenberg Bible

Gutenberg Bible  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The edition of the Bible (Vulgate version) printed by the German printer Johannes Gutenberg (c. 1400–68). He was the first in the West to print using movable type, introduced typecasting using a ...
Johann Neumeister

Johann Neumeister  

(1430/40–1512),German printer who may have been a pupil of Gutenberg in Mainz. He worked from 1470 to 1474 in Foligno (near Assisi), where he published the first edition of ...
Schoeffer II, Peter

Schoeffer II, Peter  

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 (c.1475×80–1547) Printer and punchcutter.Son of Gutenberg’s and Fust’s partner, he worked in Mainz, Worms, Strassburg, Basel, and Venice, probably cutting roman, italic, Greek, Hebrew, and music ...
Johann Mentelin

Johann Mentelin  

(c.1410–1478),German printer, born in Schlettstadt (now French Sélestat). In about 1468 he became the first printer in Strassburg. In 1460 Mentelin published a 49-line Bible, which enabled him to ...
movable type

movable type  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
A printing system based on the use of separate elements to reproduce the individual symbols on a page. This technique was pioneered in China using ceramic pieces in the 11th century; the first ...
Karl Dziatzko

Karl Dziatzko  

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 (1842–1903) German librarian and bibliographer.As university librarian at Breslau (1872–86), he revolutionized cataloguing by introducing principles that adumbrated the influential ‘Prussian ...
Mazarin Bible

Mazarin Bible  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
A Latin Bible so called from a copy in the library of Card. Mazarin. It is also known as the ‘Gutenberg Bible’, after J. Gutenberg, its printer, and as the ‘42-line Bible’, from the number of lines ...
Mainz Psalters

Mainz Psalters  

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The first independent works (1457 and 1459) of Gutenberg’s former associates. Their imprints include dates and the names of Fust and Schoeffer. The 1457 psalter exists in two issues, the ...
Coster (Koster), Laurens Janszoon

Coster (Koster), Laurens Janszoon  

(legendary figure) Dutch printer supposed to have invented a printing technique in Haarlem in 1428, before Gutenberg. First mentioned by Hadrianus Junius in 1570, this remained a popular belief in ...
Berthold Ruppel

Berthold Ruppel  

(d. 1495),German printer. He was trained in Gutenberg's workshop in Mainz and in 1464 established the first printing workshop in Basel. One of his most popular publications was an edition of Gregory ...
Arnold Pannartz

Arnold Pannartz  

(fl.1463–77),German printers. They were apprenticed in Mainz, possibly in Gutenberg's workshop, and in 1463 moved to Italy, where they established the first printing press outside Germany in the ...
Mainz Catholicon

Mainz Catholicon  

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Overview Page
The Catholicon is an extensive, much-used dictionary preceded by a grammatical tract, completed in 1286 at Genoa by the Dominican Johannes Balbus. It was widely disseminated in MS until the ...
Coster, Laurens Janszoon

Coster, Laurens Janszoon  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Legendary inventor of the art of printing at Haarlem in about 1440. The story goes that walking through the local wood, he cut some letters from the bark of a ...
Johann Fust

Johann Fust  

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Overview Page
(d. 1467),German goldsmith. He financed Gutenberg's experiments in printing, but their partnership was dissolved probably in 1455 and Fust carried on with his son‐in‐law Peter Schöffer. Their Latin ...
Ulrich Zell

Ulrich Zell  

(d. 1507),German printer who established the first printing workshop in Cologne in 1464. In the course of his career he printed more than 200 titles, mostly works of theology ...
Peter Schöffer

Peter Schöffer  

(c.1425–c.1503),German printer. He was born in Gernsheim (Rhine) and by 1449 was working as a scriptor (i.e. manuscript copyist) in Paris. He later married Dyna (or Christina), the daughter ...
Illustrated Bibles.

Illustrated Bibles.  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The subject of illustrations to the Bible includes not only two‐dimensional designs, such as paintings, drawings, engravings, photographs, stained‐glass windows, and mosaics, but three‐dimensional ...
Circulation of the Bible.

Circulation of the Bible.  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
By the end of 1992, translations of the entire Bible had been published in 329 languages, the New Testament in 770 additional languages, and individual books of the Bible in ...
Laurens Janszoon Koster

Laurens Janszoon Koster  

(c.1370–c.1440),Dutch xylographer, born in Haarlem, where he worked as a printer of block books (or xylographs) and from 1417 to 1434 held a series of important civic posts, including ...

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