Johann Gutenberg

Subject: Literature

(c.1396–1468), inventor of printing. He was a native of Mainz. In 1448 he borrowed money, probably for developing his printing process. He printed the Mazarin Bible (q.v.) and ...

Economics of International Communication

Economics of International Communication   Reference library

Stefan H. Fritsch

The International Studies Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
Social sciences, Politics, Warfare and Defence
9,932 words

...State in a Globalized Knowledge Society The Post-Westphalian State States, as one of the main actors in the global political economy of communication, have been extensively analyzed in the last few decades. Until the invention of the printing press with moveable type by Johann Gutenberg , the production, storage, and dissemination of information in Latin through a European network of seminars and monasteries were largely controlled by the Catholic Church ( Dudley 1991 ). The cheap mass production of books in common languages not only challenged the...