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Johann Gutenberg

Subject: Literature

(c.1396–1468), inventor of printing. He was a native of Mainz. In 1448 he borrowed money, probably for developing his printing process. He printed the Mazarin Bible (q.v.) and ...

Gutenberg, Johannes

Gutenberg, Johannes   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Economic History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Social sciences, Economics
Length:
614 words
Illustration(s):
1

... The Printing Revolution in Early Modern Europe . Cambridge, 1983. Ing, Janet . Johann Gutenberg and his Bible . New York, 1988. König, Eberhard , ed. Zur Situation der Gutenberg-Forschung . Münster, 1995. Ruppel, Aloys . Johannes Gutenberg: Sein Leben und sein Werk . Berlin, 1939, 1947; reprint, Nieuwkoop, Netherlands, 1967. Venzke, Andreas . Johannes Gutenberg: Der Erfinder des Buchdrucks und seine Zeit . Munich, 2000. Widmann, Hans , ed. Der gegenwärtige Stand der Gutenberg-Forschung . Stuttgart, 1972. Andreas...

Music Industry

Music Industry   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Economic History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Social sciences, Economics
Length:
4,930 words
Illustration(s):
2

...method known as engraving; or individual lines, notes, notations, and text could be set in movable type following a much more complex variant of the processes believed to have been invented by Johann Gutenberg (1397–1468) . Engraved music tended to be of higher quality than typeset music, but the typesetting method was greatly improved during the 1750s by Johann G. I. Breitkopf (1719–1794) of Leipzig. In the early years of the nineteenth century a new process, stone lithography, reduced music publishing costs. Further cost reductions and quality...

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