Johann Gutenberg

Subject: Literature

(c.1396–1468), inventor of printing. He was a native of Mainz. In 1448 he borrowed money, probably for developing his printing process. He printed the Mazarin Bible (q.v.) and ...

Print and Printing

Print and Printing   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to the English Language (2 ed.)

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Subject Reference
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Language reference, History of English, Linguistics
1,234 words

...prompted speculation and experiment. The Western invention of printing from movable type is generally ascribed to Johann Gutenberg , a goldsmith from Mainz in Germany. Although scholars dispute the details of the early production of his press, the first dated item is a copy of a 42-line Bible, which a scribe finished rubricating (entering capitals and other matter) on 24 August 1456 . There had been printing from woodblocks before Gutenberg. His genius was to perfect a number of separate but available technologies for printing from type. He appears to...