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Overview

Johann Gutenberg

Subject: Literature

(c.1396–1468), inventor of printing. He was a native of Mainz. In 1448 he borrowed money, probably for developing his printing process. He printed the Mazarin Bible (q.v.) and ...

movable type

movable type  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
A printing system based on the use of separate elements to reproduce the individual symbols on a page. This technique was pioneered in China using ceramic pieces in the 11th century; the first ...
printing

printing   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Journalism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
172 words

...of newspapers and magazines . Although earlier forms of printing had been around for hundreds of years, notably in China and Korea, it was Johann Gutenberg’s ( c .1395–1468 ) development of a system of printing involving moveable metal type around 1450 that paved the way for the (relative) mass production of chapbooks , newsbooks , pamphlets , and other nascent forms of journalism in Europe. Gutenberg’s innovations also contributed to the Enlightenment and the growth of democratic thought. William Caxton ( c. 1422–92 ) is credited with taking...

movable type

movable type   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Media and Communication (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
192 words

...begun. Around 1450 the German printer Johann Gutenberg ( c .1400– c .1468) created his own printing system, using a hand-operated printing press and metal movable type which could produce far more copies than woodblocks, with less deterioration. The use of movable metal type was also a much quicker method than the earlier use of a woodblock for each page. The relatively limited number of Western alphabetical letters made movable type more practicable than it was with thousands of Chinese characters. The Gutenberg Bible of 1455 was one of the first books...

typecasting

typecasting   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Media and Communication (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
62 words

...kind of role because of their appearance and their familiarity to audiences in such roles. 2. Stereotyping someone. 3. Historically, producing individual letter-shapes for printing by pouring molten metal into bronze moulds, a technique used by the German printer Johann Gutenberg ( c .1400– c .1468 ), but already well known; see also movable type...

mass media

mass media   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Media and Communication (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
408 words

...hot and cool media ; hypermedia ; independent media ; interactive media ; mobile media ; multimedia ; new media ; print media ; social media ). The origins of the mass media are typically traced back to the commercial exploitation of printing by the German printer Johann Gutenberg ( c .1400– c .1468 ) around 1450 , or to early newspapers in the 17th century. 2. Key economic, political, and social institutions based on producing and disseminating materials using such channels. Typically large-scale organizations concentrated either in the hands of...

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