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Johann Gutenberg

Subject: Literature

(c.1396–1468), inventor of printing. He was a native of Mainz. In 1448 he borrowed money, probably for developing his printing process. He printed the Mazarin Bible (q.v.) and ...

Gutenberg Bible

Gutenberg Bible  

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The edition of the Bible (Vulgate version) printed by the German printer Johannes Gutenberg (c. 1400–68). He was the first in the West to print using movable type, introduced typecasting using a ...
Schoeffer II, Peter

Schoeffer II, Peter  

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 (c.1475×80–1547) Printer and punchcutter.Son of Gutenberg’s and Fust’s partner, he worked in Mainz, Worms, Strassburg, Basel, and Venice, probably cutting roman, italic, Greek, Hebrew, and music ...
Karl Dziatzko

Karl Dziatzko  

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 (1842–1903) German librarian and bibliographer.As university librarian at Breslau (1872–86), he revolutionized cataloguing by introducing principles that adumbrated the influential ‘Prussian ...
Mainz Psalters

Mainz Psalters  

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The first independent works (1457 and 1459) of Gutenberg’s former associates. Their imprints include dates and the names of Fust and Schoeffer. The 1457 psalter exists in two issues, the ...
Mainz Catholicon

Mainz Catholicon  

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The Catholicon is an extensive, much-used dictionary preceded by a grammatical tract, completed in 1286 at Genoa by the Dominican Johannes Balbus. It was widely disseminated in MS until the ...
Coster, Laurens Janszoon

Coster, Laurens Janszoon  

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Legendary inventor of the art of printing at Haarlem in about 1440. The story goes that walking through the local wood, he cut some letters from the bark of a ...
Johann Fust

Johann Fust  

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(d. 1467),German goldsmith. He financed Gutenberg's experiments in printing, but their partnership was dissolved probably in 1455 and Fust carried on with his son‐in‐law Peter Schöffer. Their Latin ...
vellum

vellum  

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A writing material, vellum is a fine kind of parchment made from the delicate skins of young (sometimes stillborn) animals. During the Renaissance parchment and vellum were almost entirely superseded ...
broadside

broadside  

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A sheet of paper printed on one side only, forming one large page; a term generally used of ballads, etc., so printed.
textbook

textbook  

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Pl. n.Textbooks may be cited in court to assist in the interpretation of the law. They have no authority as a source of law but merely provide an expert opinion as to the current state of the law. ...
printing

printing  

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Any automated or mechanical process of reproducing multiple copies of written text, pictures, and/or photographs, through the controlled application of inks or dyes onto a surface, or in the case of ...
book

book  

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A book is the emblem of St Anne, St Augustine, St Bernard, and other saints.Recorded from Old English (in form bōc, originally meaning also ‘a document or charter’), the word is of Germanic origin, ...

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