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Johann Gutenberg

Subject: Literature

(c.1396–1468), inventor of printing. He was a native of Mainz. In 1448 he borrowed money, probably for developing his printing process. He printed the Mazarin Bible (q.v.) and ...

Gutenberg, Johann

Gutenberg, Johann (1400–1468)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to English Literature (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature
Length:
111 words

..., Johann ( c. 1400–1468 ) The inventor of printing with movable type. Born at Mainz, he learned printing skills in Strasbourg, where he lived from 1434 . Returning to Mainz in 1444 , he borrowed money from Johann Fust ( c. 1400–1466 ) in 1448 , founding a press with him. Fust dissolved the partnership acrimoniously in 1455 , taking possession of the equipment and stock. Books published up to 1455 cannot be assigned certainly to Gutenberg or Fust or Fust's son‐in‐law Peter Schöffer ( c. 1425–1503 ), but the 42‐line Latin Bible (the ‘Gutenberg...

Gutenberg, Johann

Gutenberg, Johann (c.1400–1468)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Companion to English Literature (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Literature
Length:
103 words

..., Johann ( c. 1400–1468 ) The inventor of printing with movable type. Born at Mainz, he learned printing skills in Strasbourg, where he lived from 1434 . Returning to Mainz in 1444 , he borrowed money from Johann Fust ( c. 1400–1466 ) in 1448 , founding a press with him. Fust dissolved the partnership acrimoniously in 1455 , taking possession of the equipment and stock. Books published up to 1455 cannot be assigned certainly to Gutenberg or Fust or Fust's son‐in‐law Peter Schöffer ( c. 1425–1503 ), but the 42‐line Latin Bible (the ‘Gutenberg...

Johann Gutenberg

Johann Gutenberg  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(c.1396–1468), inventor of printing. He was a native of Mainz. In 1448 he borrowed money, probably for developing his printing process. He printed the Mazarin Bible (q.v.) and other works.
Morrison, [Philip] Blake

Morrison, [Philip] Blake (1950– )   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Writers and their Works (3 ed.)

...And When Did You Last See Your Father? ( 1993 ) Non-Fiction The Cracked Pot ( 1995 ) Drama Pendle Witches ( 1996 ) Poetry As If ( 1997 ) Non-Fiction Too True ( 1998 ) Fiction Short Stories / Non-Fiction Selected Poems ( 1999 ) Poetry The Justification of Johann Gutenberg ( 2000 ) Fiction Oedipus ( 2001 ) Things My Mother Never Told Me ( 2002 ) Non-Fiction Antigone ( 2003 ) Drama The Man with Two Gaffers ( 2006 ) Drama South of the River ( 2007 ) Fiction Lisa's Sex Strike ( 2007 ) Drama The Last Weekend ( 2010 ) Fiction We Are...

Gutenberg Bible

Gutenberg Bible  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The edition of the Bible (Vulgate version) printed by the German printer Johannes Gutenberg (c. 1400–68). He was the first in the West to print using movable type, introduced typecasting using a ...
Schoeffer II, Peter

Schoeffer II, Peter  

Reference type:
Overview Page
 (c.1475×80–1547) Printer and punchcutter.Son of Gutenberg’s and Fust’s partner, he worked in Mainz, Worms, Strassburg, Basel, and Venice, probably cutting roman, italic, Greek, Hebrew, and music ...
Karl Dziatzko

Karl Dziatzko  

Reference type:
Overview Page
 (1842–1903) German librarian and bibliographer.As university librarian at Breslau (1872–86), he revolutionized cataloguing by introducing principles that adumbrated the influential ‘Prussian ...
Mainz Psalters

Mainz Psalters  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The first independent works (1457 and 1459) of Gutenberg’s former associates. Their imprints include dates and the names of Fust and Schoeffer. The 1457 psalter exists in two issues, the ...
Mainz Catholicon

Mainz Catholicon  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The Catholicon is an extensive, much-used dictionary preceded by a grammatical tract, completed in 1286 at Genoa by the Dominican Johannes Balbus. It was widely disseminated in MS until the ...
Coster, Laurens Janszoon

Coster, Laurens Janszoon  

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Overview Page
Legendary inventor of the art of printing at Haarlem in about 1440. The story goes that walking through the local wood, he cut some letters from the bark of a ...
Johann Fust

Johann Fust  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(d. 1467),German goldsmith. He financed Gutenberg's experiments in printing, but their partnership was dissolved probably in 1455 and Fust carried on with his son‐in‐law Peter Schöffer. Their Latin ...
Des Minnesangs Frühling

Des Minnesangs Frühling  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
A collection of Minnelieder up to and including those of Reinmar der Alte, but excluding those of Walther von der Vogelweide and later poets. There are some anonymous poems; the ...
vellum

vellum  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A writing material, vellum is a fine kind of parchment made from the delicate skins of young (sometimes stillborn) animals. During the Renaissance parchment and vellum were almost entirely superseded ...
broadside

broadside  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A sheet of paper printed on one side only, forming one large page; a term generally used of ballads, etc., so printed.
Blake Morrison

Blake Morrison  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1950– ),journalist and poet, born in Skipton, Yorkshire, and educated at Nottingham. While working as a newspaper literary editor, he published two collections of poetry, Dark Glasses (1984) and The ...
textbook

textbook  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Pl. n.Textbooks may be cited in court to assist in the interpretation of the law. They have no authority as a source of law but merely provide an expert opinion as to the current state of the law. ...
printing

printing  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Any automated or mechanical process of reproducing multiple copies of written text, pictures, and/or photographs, through the controlled application of inks or dyes onto a surface, or in the case of ...
book

book  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A book is the emblem of St Anne, St Augustine, St Bernard, and other saints.Recorded from Old English (in form bōc, originally meaning also ‘a document or charter’), the word is of Germanic origin, ...
Erlbruch, Wolf

Erlbruch, Wolf   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Children's Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Literature, Children's literature studies
Length:
228 words

...to illustrate classical and historic texts: for example, the witches' counting rhyme from Johann Wolfgang von Goethe 's Faust ( 1998 ) or the humanitarian alphabet book of the 18th-century pedagogue Karl Philipp Moritz ( 2003 ). In recognition of the range of his talent Erlbruch was in 2003 awarded both the government- funded Deutscher Jugendliteraturpreis Sonderpreis (Special Children's Literature Prize) for his life's work and the annual Gutenberg Prize for book art. See also Germany ; Illustrations ; and Picture Books . Gillian...

Fust, Johann

Fust, Johann (c.1400–c.1466)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to German Literature (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
44 words

...Johann ( c. 1400– c. 1466 ), financed Gutenberg 's printing-press, which he later took over. It was managed for him by his son-in-law Peter Schöffer , who continued it after Fust's death. Fust is believed to have died of the plague in Paris while on a business...

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