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Print and Printing Quick reference
...prompted speculation and experiment. The Western invention of printing from movable type is generally ascribed to Johann Gutenberg , a goldsmith from Mainz in Germany. Although scholars dispute the details of the early production of his press, the first dated item is a copy of a 42-line Bible, which a scribe finished rubricating (entering capitals and other matter) on 24 August 1456 . There had been printing from woodblocks before Gutenberg. His genius was to perfect a number of separate but available technologies for printing from type. He appears to...
Typography Reference library
...selected and assembled to compose a text. The typographic text is then reproduced by printing: a series of identical images, ‘impressions’, are made from each original type page. 1. Early typography The first typographic book in Europe was a Vulgate Latin Bible printed by Johann Gutenberg around 1455 in Mainz. Within 50 years, an estimated 8 to 20 million books (representing 10,000 to 15,000 titles) had been printed—a number said to exceed that of all the manuscripts written in Europe in the preceding millennium. Typographic printing propagated literature...