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Overview

Johann Gutenberg

Subject: Literature

(c.1396–1468), inventor of printing. He was a native of Mainz. In 1448 he borrowed money, probably for developing his printing process. He printed the Mazarin Bible (q.v.) and ...

Print and Printing

Print and Printing   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to the English Language (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Language reference, History of English, Linguistics
Length:
1,234 words

...prompted speculation and experiment. The Western invention of printing from movable type is generally ascribed to Johann Gutenberg , a goldsmith from Mainz in Germany. Although scholars dispute the details of the early production of his press, the first dated item is a copy of a 42-line Bible, which a scribe finished rubricating (entering capitals and other matter) on 24 August 1456 . There had been printing from woodblocks before Gutenberg. His genius was to perfect a number of separate but available technologies for printing from type. He appears to...

Typography

Typography   Reference library

International Encyclopedia of Linguistics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Linguistics
Length:
2,108 words
Illustration(s):
3

...selected and assembled to compose a text. The typographic text is then reproduced by printing: a series of identical images, ‘impressions’, are made from each original type page. 1. Early typography The first typographic book in Europe was a Vulgate Latin Bible printed by Johann Gutenberg around 1455 in Mainz. Within 50 years, an estimated 8 to 20 million books (representing 10,000 to 15,000 titles) had been printed—a number said to exceed that of all the manuscripts written in Europe in the preceding millennium. Typographic printing propagated literature...

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