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Johann Gutenberg

Subject: Literature

(c.1396–1468), inventor of printing. He was a native of Mainz. In 1448 he borrowed money, probably for developing his printing process. He printed the Mazarin Bible (q.v.) and ...

Magnetism

Magnetism   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Maritime History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
History, Military History
Length:
8,656 words
Illustration(s):
2

... ( 1729 , 1744 ), the VOC captain Nicolaas van Ewyk ( 1752 ), the English cartographer Samuel Dunn ( 1775 ), the German-Swiss natural philosopher Johann Heinrich Lambert ( 1777 ), the French astronomer Pierre Charles Le Monnier ( 1778 ), and the English surveyor James Rennell ( 1798 ). The first world chart depicting isoclinics (lines of equal dip) was published by the Swedish physicist Johann Karl Wilcke in 1768 , primarily based upon inclinations observed at sea by the French abbot Nicolas-Louis de la Caille ( 1750–1754 ) and Karl Gustav...

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