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Overview

Johann Gutenberg

Subject: Literature

(c.1396–1468), inventor of printing. He was a native of Mainz. In 1448 he borrowed money, probably for developing his printing process. He printed the Mazarin Bible (q.v.) and ...

Law

Law   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Religion
Length:
10,024 words

...Studien zur Konkordienformel der lutherischen Reformation . Edited by Wenzel Lohff . Stuttgart, 1977. See pp. 197–222. Neuser, H. Der Ansatz der Theologie Philipp Melanchthons . Neukirchen, 1957. Räcke, G. “Gesetz und Evangelium bei Calvin.” Diss., Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz, 1953. Schloemann, Martin . Natürliches undgepredigtes Gesetz bei Luther . Berlin, 1961. Stakemeier, Eduard . Der Kampf um Augustin auf dem Tridentinum . Paderborn, 1937. Tschackert, Paul . Die Entstehung der lutherischen und der reformierten Kirchenlehre...

Reading and Reading Practices

Reading and Reading Practices   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Enlightenment

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945)
Length:
3,737 words

...constitute a reading revolution? For those in doubt, there are strong arguments stemming from the permanence of the same conditions of printed production. In the eighteenth century, the fabrication of the book remained, in effect, what it had been since the time of Johannes Gutenberg , without major changes in techniques, labor, or print runs (generally limited to 1,250 or 1,500 copies per edition). Furthermore, publishing activity remained subject (except in England after 1695 ) to preliminary censorship by political authorities, who accorded privileges...

Publishing

Publishing   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Enlightenment

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945)
Length:
4,875 words

...to print and sell books that had nothing to do with the Enlightenment, as well as the texts of the philosophes. Even Franklin, in his printing days, moved quickly to cash in on the religious enthusiasm of the Great Awakening in the American colonies. The same authors who hailed Gutenberg's invention also frequently lamented the role it played in circulating what they saw as superstitious, frivolous, or vulgar ideas. Enlightenment texts never dominated the eighteenth-century book market; indeed, the printing of books was just one part of the printing industry,...

20th century

20th century: 1900 - 1999  

Reference type:
Timeline
Current Version:
2012

...in consumer protection with Unsafe at Any Speed , attacking the US automobile industry Nader, Ralph (1934) World Encyclopedia 1 1960s Social and domestic Society North America United States 1965 1965 18-year-old Dutch footballer Johann Cruyff joins Ajax, the club with which he will be associated in numerous successes Cruyff, Johann (1947– ) Who's Who in the Twentieth Century 1 1960s Sports and games Europe Netherlands Society 1965 1965 18-year-old Austrian body-builder Arnold Schwarzenegger becomes Junior Mr Europe (on his way to Mr World and Mr Universe)...

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