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Johann Gutenberg

Subject: Literature

(c.1396–1468), inventor of printing. He was a native of Mainz. In 1448 he borrowed money, probably for developing his printing process. He printed the Mazarin Bible (q.v.) and ...

Gutenberg, Johann

Gutenberg, Johann (1394)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
291 words

..., Johann ( c. 1394 / 9 – 1468 ), Inventor of printing, born in Mainz, the son of Friele Gensfleisch ; the name Gutenberg derives from the name of the family home, Haus zum Gutenberg. He trained as a goldsmith and in 1430 moved to Strassburg, where he worked with a goldsmith and began to experiment with printing techniques. He returned to Mainz c. 1448 and in 1450 borrowed 800 gulden from Johann Fust (who was later to invest another 800 gulden and become his business partner) in order to establish a printing workshop. He worked with Fust and...

Fust, Johann

Fust, Johann (c.1400–1466)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
117 words

...Johann ( c. 1400–1466 ), German printer, a Mainz lawyer who in 1450 lent Johann Gutenberg 800 gulden to finance the publication of the 42-line Bible. He subsequently invested another 800 gulden and became Gutenberg's partner. When Gutenberg became bankrupt in 1455 , Fust assumed control of the press together with his son-in-law Peter Schöffer . On 14 August 1457 Schöffer and Fust published the elegant Mainz Psalter, which was the first book to use colours, and in 1462 they published a two-volume Latin Bible. Their edition of Cicero 's De...

Neumeister, Johann

Neumeister, Johann (1430)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
115 words

...Johann or Johann Numeister ( 1430 / 40 – 1512 ), German printer who may have been a pupil of Gutenberg in Mainz. He worked from 1470 to 1474 in Foligno (near Assisi), where he published the first edition of Dante 's Divine Comedy ( 1472 ). He subsequently worked in Mainz ( 1479 ) and then moved to France, first living in Albi, north-east of Toulouse ( 1480 ), and then settling in Lyon ( 1483 ), where his press was an important element in the development of Lyon as a printing centre. The best-known products of his press were his two editions...

Mentelin, Johann

Mentelin, Johann (c.1410–1478)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

...Johann ( c. 1410–1478 ), German printer, born in Schlettstadt (now French Sélestat). In about 1468 he became the first printer in Strassburg. In 1460 Mentelin published a 49-line Bible, which enabled him to print the entire text on 850 pages (as opposed to Gutenberg 's 1,286 pages); in 1466 he published the first Bible in German . His workshop also printed popular romances. Neue Deutsche Biographie...

Schöffer, Peter

Schöffer, Peter (c.1425–c.1503)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
167 words

...Peter ( c. 1425– c. 1503 ), German printer. He was born in Gernsheim (Rhine) and by 1449 was working as a scriptor (i.e. manuscript copyist) in Paris. He later married Dyna (or Christina), the daughter of Johann Fust , and in 1466 succeeded his late father-in-law in his printing business in Mainz. He was, together with Gutenberg , one of the earliest printers, and he is said to be the first printer to have developed a satisfactory method of stamping matrices. On 14 August 1457 Schöffer and Fust published the elegant Mainz Psalter, which...

printing

printing   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
611 words

...of Gutenberg and his partners Johann Fust and Peter Schöffer , included Johannes Amerbach (Basel), Beatus Rhenanus (Basel), Théodore de Bry (Frankfurt), Sigmund Feyerabend (Frankfurt), Johann Froben (Basel), Christoph Froschauer (Zürich), Pamphilius Gegenbach (Basel), Anton Köberger (Nuremberg), Johann Mentelin (Strassburg), Johannes Oporinus (Basel), Albrecht Pfister (Bamberg), Heinrich Quentell (Cologne), Erhard Ratdolt (Augsburg), Berthold Ruppel (Basel), Johann Schönsperger (Augsburg), Günther Zainer (Augsburg), Johann ...

Johann Neumeister

Johann Neumeister  

(1430/40–1512),German printer who may have been a pupil of Gutenberg in Mainz. He worked from 1470 to 1474 in Foligno (near Assisi), where he published the first edition of ...
Johann Mentelin

Johann Mentelin  

(c.1410–1478),German printer, born in Schlettstadt (now French Sélestat). In about 1468 he became the first printer in Strassburg. In 1460 Mentelin published a 49-line Bible, which enabled him to ...
Berthold Ruppel

Berthold Ruppel  

(d. 1495),German printer. He was trained in Gutenberg's workshop in Mainz and in 1464 established the first printing workshop in Basel. One of his most popular publications was an edition of Gregory ...
Arnold Pannartz

Arnold Pannartz  

(fl.1463–77),German printers. They were apprenticed in Mainz, possibly in Gutenberg's workshop, and in 1463 moved to Italy, where they established the first printing press outside Germany in the ...
Ulrich Zell

Ulrich Zell  

(d. 1507),German printer who established the first printing workshop in Cologne in 1464. In the course of his career he printed more than 200 titles, mostly works of theology ...
Peter Schöffer

Peter Schöffer  

(c.1425–c.1503),German printer. He was born in Gernsheim (Rhine) and by 1449 was working as a scriptor (i.e. manuscript copyist) in Paris. He later married Dyna (or Christina), the daughter ...
Laurens Janszoon Koster

Laurens Janszoon Koster  

(c.1370–c.1440),Dutch xylographer, born in Haarlem, where he worked as a printer of block books (or xylographs) and from 1417 to 1434 held a series of important civic posts, including ...
Erhard Ratdolt

Erhard Ratdolt  

 (1447–c.1528) Printer in Venice and Augsburg.Ratdolt’s Venetian press (1476–86) developed numerous typographical innovations (Renaissance initials and borders, printing in multiple colours), and ...

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