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Jeanne d'Albret

(1528–72), Queen of Navarre, was the daughter of Henri II d'Albret, king of Navarre, and Marguerite d'Angoulême, sister of King Francis I. She married Antoine de Bourbon, who ...

Jeanne d'Albret

Jeanne d'Albret   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
121 words

... d'Albret or (English) Joan III ( 1528–72 ), Queen of Navarre, was the daughter of Henri II d'Albret, king of Navarre, and Marguerite d'Angoulême , sister of King Francis I . She married Antoine de Bourbon , who succeeded his father-in-law as king of Navarre in 1555 . As queen she publicly professed Protestantism. On King Antoine's death in 1562 , Queen Jeanne acted as protector to her young son King Henri III of Navarre (later King Henri IV of France), whom she raised as a Protestant. Shortly before her death in June 1572 she arranged the...

Navarre

Navarre   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
146 words

...and from 1314 to 1328 Navarre was incorporated into France. The kingdom subsequently came within the ambit of the crown of Aragon, but in 1484 the crown passed by marriage to the French house of Albret. In 1512 Ferdinand of Aragon conquered southern Navarre, which remained a viceroyalty until being made a province of Spain in 1833 . Queen Jeanne d'Albret and her consort King Antoine de Bourbon retained as their own fief a portion of French Navarre, which remained an independent kingdom until it was absorbed into France by their son King Henri IV ...

Viret, Pierre

Viret, Pierre (1511–71)   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Literature in French

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
104 words

...Reformer , friend of Calvin and often a moderating influence upon him. Viret was chief pastor of the congregation at Lausanne for 23 years and also conducted important ministries at Nîmes and Lyon; he spent his last years teaching in Béarn under the protection of Jeanne d'Albret . A prolific writer of satires and dialogues in French, Viret used a simple, direct, and often sardonic style to persuade both his opponents, in apologetic works such as L'Interim ( 1565 ), and his co‐religionists, in exhortations such as the Remonstrances aux fidèles (...

Jeanne of Navarre

Jeanne of Navarre (1528–1572)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Religion
Length:
1,252 words

... of Navarre (Fr., Jeanne d'Albret ; 1528–1572 ), queen of Navarre. Her ancestry largely determined her character and career. Her father, Henry d'Albret, inherited the rump of the medieval kingdom of Navarre left on the northern side of the Pyrenees after the conquest of the southern part by Ferdinand of Aragon in 1512 . The reconquest of the lost part was d'Albret's lifelong obsession. He insisted on the imaginary title “king of Navarre”—his real possessions being the remnant, Basse-Navarre, and the vicomté of Béarn. This all-consuming ambition...

Antoine de Bourbon

Antoine de Bourbon   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
160 words

...de Bourbon or (Spanish) Antonio de Borbón ( 1518–62 ), King of Navarre, was a scion of a cadet branch of the French Bourbon family . In 1548 , when he was duke of Vendôme, Antoine married Jeanne d'Albret , the heiress of Navarre, and in 1555 he became king of Navarre. He converted to the Protestantism of his wife, but was capable of professing Catholicism when it was to his political advantage to do so. When Francis II of France died in 1561 and was succeeded by his 10-year-old brother Charles IX , Antonio attempted to secure the regency,...

Bourbon family

Bourbon family   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
157 words

...Anne of France (eldest daughter of King Louis XI ), became duke of Bourbon in 1488 . Their daughter Suzanne married her cousin Charles, the future duke of Bourbon and constable of France. After the constable's death the title passed to Antoine de Bourbon, who married Jeanne d'Albret , heiress of Navarre. Antoine became king of Navarre and their son Henri became King Henri IV of France. A. Leguai Histoire de Bourbonnais (2nd edn.,...

Antoine of Navarre

Antoine of Navarre (1518–1562)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Religion
Length:
753 words

...a biographical entry on Antoine. Haag, Eugène , and Émile Haag . La France Protestante . 10 vols. 2d ed. Reprint, Geneva, 1966. See vol. 2, pp. 429–437, for a biography of Antoine. Roelker, Nancy Lyman . Queen of Navarre, Jean d'Albret, 1528–1572 . Cambridge, Mass., 1968. See especially chaps. 3 and 4. Ruble, Alphonse de . Le Mariage de Jeanne d'Albret . Paris, 1877. ——. Antoine de Bourbon et Jeanne d'Albret . 4 vols. Paris, 1881–1886. ——. Jeanne d'Albret et la guerre civile . Paris, 1897. Nancy Lyman...

Claustre [Cloître], Martin

Claustre [Cloître], Martin (c.1480)   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Northern Renaissance Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
248 words

..., Paris, Bib. N.). In 1521 he sculpted the tomb of Charlotte dAlbret in the church of La Motte-Feuilly, Indre (fragments). As a result of these commissions Claustre settled in Blois, where in 1524 he was engaged to construct the tomb (untraced) of Guillaume de Montmorency and his wife Anne Pot , a commission passed on to Benoît Bomberault by Claustre's widow. Gaignières's drawings and the attribution of a badly weathered recumbent funerary effigy of Jeanne de Penthièvre ( d 1514 ; marble; Paris, Louvre) are all that remains to illustrate...

Viret, Pierre

Viret, Pierre   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
194 words

...centres such as Geneva, Montpellier, and Lyon. He eventually settled in Béarn under the protection of Jeanne d'Albret . Viret's writings included satires, dialogues, exhortations to the faithful ( Remonstrances aux fidèles , 1547 ), excoriations of opponents ( L'Interim , 1565 ), and a popular version of the theology of Calvin's Institutes , the Instruction chrétienne ( 1564 ). Jean Barnaud , Pierre Viret: Sa Vie et son œuvre (1511–1571) (1911); R. D. Linder , The Political Ideas of Pierre Viret ...

Navarre, House of

Navarre, House of   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Religion
Length:
2,212 words

...tuberculosis, on 9 June 1572 ; she was forty-four. The death of Jeanne d'Albret left the burden of the family of Fois-Navarre-Albret-Bourbon to her nineteen-year-old son. He was King of Navarre, sovereign lord in the duchy of Béarn and the count of Soule, duke and peer in Albret, duke of Vendôme and of Beaumont, and count of Foix, Bigorre, Armagnac, Rodez, Pèrigord, and Marle; in addition he held three viscounties and a host of lesser lordships, many of them dependent upon his greater titles. He also had grander prospects. While no one could have predicted a...

Marguerite de Navarre

Marguerite de Navarre (1492–1549)   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Literature in French

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
424 words

...de Navarre (also known as Marguerite d'Angoulême or d'Alençon ) ( 1492–1549 ). Born in Angoulême, daughter of Charles d'Angoulême and Louise de Savoie , she received the same humanist education as her younger brother, the future François I er . She was married in 1509 to Charles d'Alençon ( d. 1525 ), then in 1527 to Henri d'Albret , king of Navarre . Her daughter, Jeanne d'Albret , was mother of the future Henri IV . Throughout her life she was intimately involved in the political life of France, particularly in the period...

Marguerite d'Angoulême

Marguerite d'Angoulême   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
399 words

...d'Angoulême or d'Alençon or de Navarre ( 1492–1549 ), Queen of Navarre, author, and patron, was the daughter of Charles of Valois, count of Angoulême, and Louise of Savoy . In 1509 she married Charles, duke of Alençon, and in 1527 , two years after his death, married Henri II D'Albret (Spanish Enrique II ), king of Navarre. Their daughter Jeanne d' Albret was to become the mother of King Henri IV of France. In 1515 Marguerite's younger brother François became King Francis I of France, and thereafter she became a patron of...

Béarn

Béarn   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Religion
Length:
1,729 words

...Arnaud de Salette et son temps: Le Béarn sous Jeanne d'Albret . Proceedings of an international conference, Orthez, France, 16–18 February 1983. Orthez, 1984. Babelon, Jean-Pierre . Henri IV . Paris, 1982. Bordenave, N. de . Histoire de Béarn et Navarre . Edited by Paul Raymond . Paris, 1873. Bulletin de la Société des sciences, lettres et arts de Pau et du Béarn . Bulletin du Centre d'étude du protestantisme béarnais . Dufour, Alain . La Réformation en Béarn d'après la lettre de Théodore de Bèze à Jeanne d'Albret de Janvier 1567. In Actes du Colloque...

Bourbon, House of

Bourbon, House of   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Religion
Length:
1,377 words

...branch of the family, as head of the House of Bourbon and first prince of the blood, in line to inherit the throne if the Valois line expired. In 1548 his son Antoine ( 1518–1562 ) married Jeanne d'Albret ( 1528–1572 ), daughter of Marguerite d'Angoulême ( 1492–1549 ), Francis I's sister, and of King Henry d'Albret of Navarre ( 1503–1555 ). From her father Jeanne inherited Navarre, which straddled the Pyrenees; she passed it and the Reformed religion on to her son Henry, king of Navarre (from 1572 ). Henry's claim to the throne of France was through his...

Duval, Marc

Duval, Marc (c.1545)   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Northern Renaissance Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
390 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Réunion des Musées Nationaux/Art Resource, NY Among Duval's surviving signed engravings are the small, full-length portrait of the brothers Odet, Gaspard and François de Coligny ( 1579 ; preparatory drawing, Paris, Bib. N.) and portraits of Catherine de’ Medici and Jeanne dAlbret (both 1579 ). He also executed a set of engravings of the Seasons with satyrs and grotesques in the style of the Fontainebleau school. An engraving of 1579 after the Woman Taken in Adultery (Paris, Louvre) by Lorenzo Lotto ( c. 1480–1556 ) indicates that Duval was a...

Henri IV

Henri IV   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
564 words

...IV ( 1553–1610 ), King of France and Navarre, born in Pau on 14 December 1533 , the son of Antoine de Bourbon (duke of Vendôme) and Jeanne d'Albret (queen of Navarre); he was baptized as a Catholic but raised as a Protestant, and until his succession to the throne of France was known as Henry of Navarre . In the Wars of Religion he fought on the Protestant side under Gaspard de Coligny ( August 1568–August 1570 ). He became king of Navarre on 9 June 1572 , and two months later ( 18 August ) married Marguerite de Valois in Paris; the next week...

Borgia, Cesare

Borgia, Cesare   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
735 words

...to Jeanne de France , which had become an impediment to his desire to marry Anne of Brittany . In exchange for this favour, King Louis created Cesare duke of Valentinois and Dios and pledged military assistance to Pope Alexander and Cesare in their campaign to subdue the Papal state . In France Cesare again met Carlotta of Naples, but despite the fact that since their last meeting he had secured permission from his father to renounce the priesthood ( August 1498 ), his suit was again rejected. In May 1499 he married Charlotte d'Albret , sister...

La Rochelle, Synod of

La Rochelle, Synod of   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Religion
Length:
753 words

...La Rochelle was in many ways the most important of the national synods of the French Reformed churches. The first national synod to be held with the permission of the royal government, it was attended by virtually all the political leaders of French Protestantism, including Jeanne d'Albret (queen of Navarre), Henry of Navarre (the future Henry IV), Henry of Bourbon (the prince of Condé), Count Louis of Nassau (the younger brother of William of Orange), Admiral Gaspard II de Coligny , and, to quote the acts of the synod, “diverse lords and gentlemen.”...

Henry IV of France

Henry IV of France (1553–1610)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Religion
Length:
1,263 words

...IV of France ( 1553–1610 ), known in his early days as “Henry of Navarre” and, more familiarly, as “Le vert galant,” king between 1589 and 1610 . Henry was the son of Jeanne of Navarre ( Jeanne d'Albret ), an early adherent to Protestantism. He was brought up partly by his devout mother and partly at the royal court of the Valois line, and this led to a number of religious shifts. “Converted” to Catholicism in 1562 at the court, he reverted to Protestantism when he left it in 1567 , only to be forcibly reconverted after the Saint Bartholomew's Day...

Morély, Jean

Morély, Jean (1524?–1594)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Religion
Length:
1,066 words

...to reconcile himself with the Reformed church by admitting his guilt but failed to convince the Genevan ministers of his sincerity. Meanwhile he gained increasing numbers of disciples in France, particularly among the nobility. During the summer of 1566 he was chosen by Jeanne d'Albret , queen of Navarre, as the tutor of her son, who was to reign as Henry IV . Soon afterward, however, some compromising letters, in which he mocked the ministers in general and Théodore de Bèze in particular, were discovered and publicized. Though he was an excellent...

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