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Jeanne d'Albret

(1528–72), Queen of Navarre, was the daughter of Henri II d'Albret, king of Navarre, and Marguerite d'Angoulême, sister of King Francis I. She married Antoine de Bourbon, who ...

Jeanne of Navarre

Jeanne of Navarre (1528–1572)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Religion
Length:
1,252 words

... of Navarre (Fr., Jeanne d'Albret ; 1528–1572 ), queen of Navarre. Her ancestry largely determined her character and career. Her father, Henry d'Albret, inherited the rump of the medieval kingdom of Navarre left on the northern side of the Pyrenees after the conquest of the southern part by Ferdinand of Aragon in 1512 . The reconquest of the lost part was d'Albret's lifelong obsession. He insisted on the imaginary title “king of Navarre”—his real possessions being the remnant, Basse-Navarre, and the vicomté of Béarn. This all-consuming ambition...

Antoine of Navarre

Antoine of Navarre (1518–1562)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Religion
Length:
753 words

...a biographical entry on Antoine. Haag, Eugène , and Émile Haag . La France Protestante . 10 vols. 2d ed. Reprint, Geneva, 1966. See vol. 2, pp. 429–437, for a biography of Antoine. Roelker, Nancy Lyman . Queen of Navarre, Jean d'Albret, 1528–1572 . Cambridge, Mass., 1968. See especially chaps. 3 and 4. Ruble, Alphonse de . Le Mariage de Jeanne d'Albret . Paris, 1877. ——. Antoine de Bourbon et Jeanne d'Albret . 4 vols. Paris, 1881–1886. ——. Jeanne d'Albret et la guerre civile . Paris, 1897. Nancy Lyman...

Navarre, House of

Navarre, House of   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Religion
Length:
2,212 words

...tuberculosis, on 9 June 1572 ; she was forty-four. The death of Jeanne d'Albret left the burden of the family of Fois-Navarre-Albret-Bourbon to her nineteen-year-old son. He was King of Navarre, sovereign lord in the duchy of Béarn and the count of Soule, duke and peer in Albret, duke of Vendôme and of Beaumont, and count of Foix, Bigorre, Armagnac, Rodez, Pèrigord, and Marle; in addition he held three viscounties and a host of lesser lordships, many of them dependent upon his greater titles. He also had grander prospects. While no one could have predicted a...

Béarn

Béarn   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Religion
Length:
1,729 words

...Arnaud de Salette et son temps: Le Béarn sous Jeanne d'Albret . Proceedings of an international conference, Orthez, France, 16–18 February 1983. Orthez, 1984. Babelon, Jean-Pierre . Henri IV . Paris, 1982. Bordenave, N. de . Histoire de Béarn et Navarre . Edited by Paul Raymond . Paris, 1873. Bulletin de la Société des sciences, lettres et arts de Pau et du Béarn . Bulletin du Centre d'étude du protestantisme béarnais . Dufour, Alain . La Réformation en Béarn d'après la lettre de Théodore de Bèze à Jeanne d'Albret de Janvier 1567. In Actes du Colloque...

Bourbon, House of

Bourbon, House of   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Religion
Length:
1,377 words

...branch of the family, as head of the House of Bourbon and first prince of the blood, in line to inherit the throne if the Valois line expired. In 1548 his son Antoine ( 1518–1562 ) married Jeanne d'Albret ( 1528–1572 ), daughter of Marguerite d'Angoulême ( 1492–1549 ), Francis I's sister, and of King Henry d'Albret of Navarre ( 1503–1555 ). From her father Jeanne inherited Navarre, which straddled the Pyrenees; she passed it and the Reformed religion on to her son Henry, king of Navarre (from 1572 ). Henry's claim to the throne of France was through his...

La Rochelle, Synod of

La Rochelle, Synod of   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Religion
Length:
753 words

...La Rochelle was in many ways the most important of the national synods of the French Reformed churches. The first national synod to be held with the permission of the royal government, it was attended by virtually all the political leaders of French Protestantism, including Jeanne d'Albret (queen of Navarre), Henry of Navarre (the future Henry IV), Henry of Bourbon (the prince of Condé), Count Louis of Nassau (the younger brother of William of Orange), Admiral Gaspard II de Coligny , and, to quote the acts of the synod, “diverse lords and gentlemen.”...

Henry IV of France

Henry IV of France (1553–1610)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Religion
Length:
1,263 words

...IV of France ( 1553–1610 ), known in his early days as “Henry of Navarre” and, more familiarly, as “Le vert galant,” king between 1589 and 1610 . Henry was the son of Jeanne of Navarre ( Jeanne d'Albret ), an early adherent to Protestantism. He was brought up partly by his devout mother and partly at the royal court of the Valois line, and this led to a number of religious shifts. “Converted” to Catholicism in 1562 at the court, he reverted to Protestantism when he left it in 1567 , only to be forcibly reconverted after the Saint Bartholomew's Day...

Morély, Jean

Morély, Jean (1524?–1594)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Religion
Length:
1,066 words

...to reconcile himself with the Reformed church by admitting his guilt but failed to convince the Genevan ministers of his sincerity. Meanwhile he gained increasing numbers of disciples in France, particularly among the nobility. During the summer of 1566 he was chosen by Jeanne d'Albret , queen of Navarre, as the tutor of her son, who was to reign as Henry IV . Soon afterward, however, some compromising letters, in which he mocked the ministers in general and Théodore de Bèze in particular, were discovered and publicized. Though he was an excellent...

Wars of Religion

Wars of Religion   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Religion
Length:
5,874 words

...French government as essentially decentralized. Neuschel, Kristen B. Word of Honor: Interpreting Noble Culture in Sixteenth-Century France . Ithaca, N.Y., 1989. A study of noble patronage based on the clientèle of Louis I of Condé. Roelker, Nancy Lyman . Queen of Navarre, Jeanne d'Albret . Cambridge, Mass., 1968. Salmon, J. H. M. Society in Crisis: France in the Sixteenth Century . Rev. ed. London, 1979. ——. Renaissance and Revolt: Essays on the Intellectual and Social History of Early Modern France . Cambridge, 1987. Contains essays on peasant revolts,...

France

France   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Religion
Length:
8,471 words

...successors) and the Annonciades (founded by Jeanne of France, the repudiated spouse of Louis XII). Many abbeys and religious orders experienced reforms that were more or less permanent. Among mendicant orders, those of strict observance continued to gain in strength, but monastic orders were weakened by the practice of granting benefices to secular clergy, encouraged by the Concordat of 1516 . In retrospect, one can better assess the actions of the bishops of the sixteenth century. Not all were as zealous as Francis d'Estaing, bishop of Rodez (r. 1501–1529 ),...

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