You are looking at 1-20 of 114 entries  for:

  • All: Islamic fundamentalism x
  • Social sciences x
  • Regional and Area Studies x
clear all

View:

Overview

Islamic fundamentalism

A disputed term, widely used in the US and to a lesser extent in Britain to denote any movement to favour strict observance of the teachings of the Qur'an and the Shari'a (Islamic Law). On ...

Islamic Fundamentalism: An Interpretation

Islamic Fundamentalism: An Interpretation   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Africa

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010

... Fundamentalism: An Interpretation Although Islamic fundamentalist movements have attracted much attention since the success of the Iranian Revolution of 1979 —and, increasingly, since the terrorist attacks on the United States in 2001 and the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq that followed—they are not new nor have they ever been prevalent among Islamic societies. When they do emerge, these movements are more symptomatic of profound societal crises than a direct outcome of Islamic political and legal thought as such, or a common feature of all Islamic...

Islamic fundamentalism

Islamic fundamentalism  

A disputed term, widely used in the US and to a lesser extent in Britain to denote any movement to favour strict observance of the teachings of the Qur'an and the Shari'a (Islamic Law). On the ...
Chadli Benjedid

Chadli Benjedid  

1929– Third president of Algeria.Chadli Benjedid grew up in the Annaba region of colonial Algeria, then joined the military wing of the national liberation group, the Front de Libération ...
Eritrea

Eritrea  

A country in north-eastern Africa, on the Red Sea.Physical.Eritrea consists of a narrow coastal low-lying area and rises towards the Ethiopian plateau in the south. It is very hot and ...
Islam in Africa

Islam in Africa   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Africa

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010

... in Africa Expression of Islam in Africa, and the role of Africans in the spread and practice of the religion. For information on African Islamic political leaders: See Abd al-Qadir ; Bello , Ahmadu ; Idris I. African Islamic scholars: See Abd Allah ibn Yasin ; Ahmad Baba . Beliefs and traditions of Islam: See Islam and Tradition: An Interpretation . Specific aspects of Islam: See Feminism in Islamic Africa ; Islamic Fundamentalism: An Interpretation ; Islamic Salvation Front ; Marabout...

Fundamentalism

Fundamentalism   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,765 words

...the many terms used for this purpose are Islamism, integrism, neo-normative Islam, neo-traditional Islam, Islamic revivalism, and Islamic nativism. However, “fundamentalism” remains a commonly utilized identification of the various revivalist impulses among Muslims. More technically accurate expressions and neologisms have not replaced the term. The description and analysis of Islamic fundamentalism in the modern era gives rise to many debates. Among the most important of these is whether Islamic fundamentalism is a distinctively modern phenomenon. Such...

Islamism

Islamism   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
3,603 words

...and individuals and those who do may use the term “neo-fundamentalism” for the modern phenomena. See Fundamentalism . Both “Islamism” and “fundamentalism” share the field with a number of other terms, such as “political Islam,” “militant Islam,” “Islamic radicalism,” “revivalism,” “Islamic extremism,” “Islamic activism,” and others. Little consistent distinction among these terms appears to be made in actual use and one can find several of them used interchangeably in the same book or article. “Islamism,” however, is probably used with somewhat more precision...

Fundamentalism

Fundamentalism   Reference library

Benjamin Beit-Hallahmi

The Oxford Companion to American Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,607 words

... Fundamentalism is a deep and total commitment to a particular religious creed, involving a return to supposed fundamentals, away from doctrinal compromises with modern social and political life. The term is used to describe a wide range of political and religious phenomena, including Protestant denominations, Jewish groups, Buddhist movements, Hindu political parties, and Islamic governments. The term has its origins in US religious history. In the early twentieth century, fundamentalism arose as a US Protestant movement, guided by the doctrine of...

Natsir, Mohammad

Natsir, Mohammad   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

...a return to the intellectual and scriptural traditions of classical Islam is essential for the modernization of Muslim societies. Natsir was affiliated with Persatuan Islam, an exclusivist organization that combined modern education with Islamic fundamentalism and maintained cordial relationships with fundamentalist organizations in Saudi Arabia and Pakistan. He was a prolific author, writing more than ninety books and hundreds of articles. The tension between modernism and fundamentalism is apparent in many of Natsir's works as well as in his political...

Islamic Salvation Front

Islamic Salvation Front   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Africa

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010

...youth. The FIS employed “Islamic police” to ensure that people followed Islamic codes of behavior. The anti-Western sentiments of the FIS extended to members of the international press corps, and the group was suspected of sponsoring the murders of foreign journalists. Women activists and intellectuals who spoke out against the establishment of a conservative Islamic state also risked reprisal from the powerful group. Actions attributed to the organization have been difficult to verify. The movement, dubbed “Islamic fundamentalism” in the West, extends beyond...

Political Movements in Africa

Political Movements in Africa   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Africa

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010

...on Movements in Africa: See African National Congress ; Antiapartheid Movement ; Black Consciousness in Africa ; Decolonization in Africa: An Interpretation ; Environmental Movements in Africa ; Feminism in Africa: An Interpretation ; Feminism in Islamic Africa ; Islamic Fundamentalism: An Interpretation ; Mau Mau rebellion ; Polisario Front ; Rassemblement Démocratique Africain . Organizations involved in political movements: See Front for the Liberation of Mozambique ; Holy Spirit Movement ; Inkatha Freedom Party ; Pan-Africanist...

Pan-Islam

Pan-Islam   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,305 words

...Islam. Rising Islamic fundamentalism comprised an element of Pan-Islam. The preaching of Muslim solidarity, as a step toward union, found ready ears. Newly independent Muslim states had the political means to promote the fulfillment of Pan-Islam, and several also had the economic capacity to do so. The latter, chiefly Saudi Arabia, set up Pan-Islamic international organizations for this purpose. The Muslim World League (founded 1962 ) serves as an umbrella organization for many nongovernmental Islamic associations and groups. The Organization of the Islamic...

Muṣṭafā, Shukrī

Muṣṭafā, Shukrī   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

... Jihad . London, 2006. Kepel, Gilles . Muslim Extremism in Egypt: The Prophet and Pharaoh . Berkeley, Calif., 1985. Rubin, Barry . Islamic Fundamentalism in Egyptian Politics . London, 2002 Sageman, Marc . Understanding Terror Networks . Philadelphia, 2004. Stowasser, Barbara , ed. The Islamic Impulse . Washington, D.C., 1987. Voll, John Obert . “Fundamentalism in the Sunni Arab World: Egypt and the Sudan.” In Fundamentalisms Observed , edited by Martin E. Marty and R. Scott Appleby. Chicago, 1991. See pp. 345–402. Denis J....

Islamic Movements

Islamic Movements   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,244 words

...global media, for whom Islamic activism, whether political or pietistic, is a marker of self-identification in a world that is crowded with identities. See also Muslim Brotherhood , subentry An Overview ; and Wahhābīyah . Bibliography Choueiri, Youssef M. Islamic Fundamentalism . Rev. ed.London, 1997. Lia, Brynjar . The Society of the Muslim Brothers in Egypt: The Rise of an Islamic Mass Movement, 1928–1942 . Reading, U.K., 1998. Roy, Olivier . The Failure of Political Islam . Cambridge, Mass., 1994. Wiktorowicz, Quintan , ed. Islamic Activism: A Social...

Moro Islamic Liberation Front

Moro Islamic Liberation Front   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

...tribes. Peace negotiations between the Philippine government and the MILF are continuing, with security, rehabilitation and ancestral lands as major issues. See also Philippines . Bibliography Angeles, Vivienne . “Contested Visions of an Islamic State in Southern Philippines.” In Islamic, Hindu, and Christian Fundamentalism Compared: Public Policy in Global Perspective , edited by Santosh Saha and Thomas Carr . Lewiston, N.Y.: Edwin Mellen, 2003. Gutierrez, Eric , ed. Rebels, Warlords and Ulama . Quezon City: Institute for Popular Democracy, 2000. McKenna,...

Rahman, Fazlur

Rahman, Fazlur   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

...the Qurʿān. However, he believed his reformist views would eventually be vindicated; he felt that contemporary Islamic fundamentalism was a defensive and temporary posture taken in response to the political and economic setbacks experienced by the Muslim world. Bibliography Primary Works Avicenna's Psychology . Edited and translated by Fazlur Rahman . London, 1952. Avicenna's De Anima (Arabic text). Edited by Fazlur Rahman . London, 1959. Islamic Methodology in History . Karachi, 1965. Intikhāb-i maktūbāt-i Shaykh Aḥmad Sirhindī (Selected Letters of Shaykh...

Authority and Legitimation

Authority and Legitimation   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
4,024 words

...with a chapter on Islam. Choueiri, Youssef M. Islamic Fundamentalism . Boston, 1990. A critical study of the claim that political Islam represents true Islamic legitimacy. A revised edition was published in 1997. Crone, Patricia , and Martin Hinds . God 's Caliph: Religious Authority in the First Centuries of Islam . Cambridge, U.K., and New York, 1986. Dabashi, Hamid . Authority in Islam . New Brunswick, N.J., 1989. Social science–oriented inquiry into authority in Islam, from Muḥammad to the Umayyad period. Enayat, Hamid . Modern Islamic Political Thought...

Khaled Hadj Brahim

Khaled Hadj Brahim   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Africa

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010

...war-ravaged population was under twenty-five, and the fame of Khaled, “the King of Rai,” spread with it. Khaled’s music was censored in Algeria until 1983 , when the government relaxed controls on popular culture in an effort to undermine growing support for Islamic fundamentalism. Conservative Islamic leaders saw Khaled’s music as corrupting and declared a fatwa, or religious decree, pronouncing a death sentence against him. In 1990 he bargained the profits for his record Kutche for a visa, and fled to France. Since his move to Europe, Khaled has once...

Dan Fodio, Usuman

Dan Fodio, Usuman   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

...greatly revered in his day. With the rise of modern Islamic fundamentalism, while he is still revered, he has been largely superseded. His brother ʿAbd Allāh, the down-to-earth legalist, whose platform was not mysticism but strict adherence to the letter of the sharīʿah , has become the admired exemplar for the present generation of Islamic radicals in northern Nigeria. See also Nigeria ; and Sokoto Caliphate . Bibliography Birins, Mary Wren . Telling Stories, Making Histories: Women, Words, and Islam in 19th Century Hausaland and the Sokoto Caliphate ....

Ameer Ali, Syed

Ameer Ali, Syed   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

...Peter . The Muslims of British India . Cambridge, 1972. The best short intellectual history of Muslims in nineteenth- and twentieth-century India. Moaddel, Mansoor . Islamic Modernism, Nationalism, and Fundamentalism: Episode and Discourse . Chicago, 2005. Wasti, Syed Razi , ed. Memoirs and Other Writings of Syed Ameer Ali . Lahore, 1968. Wasti, Syed Razi , ed. Syed Ameer Ali on Islamic History and Culture . Lahore, 1968. Collected articles by Ameer Ali, some also contained in the Aziz work, listed above. Gail...

View: