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Islamic fundamentalism

A disputed term, widely used in the US and to a lesser extent in Britain to denote any movement to favour strict observance of the teachings of the Qur'an and the Shari'a (Islamic Law). On ...


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A Dictionary of Cultural Anthropology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
Social sciences, Anthropology
81 words

...fundamentalism An ideological orientation to the world that protests change and advocates a particular set of traditional principles and practices. Although fundamentalism is often associated with Christian and Islamic religious movements and ideologies, it can also apply to other domains of social life, including politics, economics, gender, sports, among others. Anthropologists have produced a great deal of ethnographic studies of religious fundamentalist communities and movements, identifying a wide variety of fundamentalist orientations, practices,...