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Islamic fundamentalism

A disputed term, widely used in the US and to a lesser extent in Britain to denote any movement to favour strict observance of the teachings of the Qur'an and the Shari'a (Islamic Law). On ...


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The Oxford Companion to the Mind (2 ed.)

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
Science and technology, Psychology, Philosophy
2,466 words the 16th century. Puritan revulsion against the theatre reached its climax in England when all theatres were kept closed under the Commonwealth from 1648 to 1660 . Islam did not favour dramatic performances for a great part of its history either; it saw them as attempts to create an alternative reality to God's creation. To be sure, fundamentalism has not stifled religious drama in the Islamic world altogether. In Iran the taziyeh , a kind of Passion Play, has been developing since the 18th century as an annual commemoration of the martyrdom in 680 of...