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India

Subject: History

The world's largest democracy has a rich and diverse culture. Now, it is also achieving more rapid economic growth India's vast territory can be divided into three main regions ...

India (republic)

India (republic): c. 1500 BCE - 2008  

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2012

...century BCE Religion Asia South Asia India (the subcontinent) c. 380 380 Kalidasa, the most distinguished of India's authors in classical Sanskrit, is at the Gupta court in Patna Kalidasa The Oxford Companion to Theatre and Performance 1 4th century Literature Drama Poetry Asia South Asia India (the subcontinent) c. 600 600 The walls of caves at Ajanta are profusely decorated with Buddhist murals Ajanta, India The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology 2 6th century 7th century Arts Painting Religion Asia South Asia India (the subcontinent) c. 900 900 A Tamil...

India (the subcontinent)

India (the subcontinent): c. 2500 BCE - 2009  

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...and royalty Asia South Asia India (republic) c. 900 900 Zoroastrians migrate from Muslim Persia to India, where they become known as Parsees Parsis A Dictionary of Hinduism 1 9th century 10th century Religion Asia Central Asia Iran (Persia) South Asia c. 1000 1000 Buddhist, Hindu and Jain shrines are carved from the rock in the cave temples of Ellora, in India Ellorā A Dictionary of Buddhism 1 10th century 11th century Arts Sculpture Religion Asia South Asia India (republic) c. 1000 1000 Turks from Ghazni, raiding into northwest India, renew the pressure of...

South Asia

South Asia: c. 2500 BCE - 2011  

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...Asia India (the subcontinent) India (republic) c. 1500 BCE 1500 BCE Sacrificial hymns of the Aryans, gathered in the Rigveda , become the earliest Sanskrit literature Veda The Oxford Dictionary of Philosophy 2 rev 3100-1000 BCE Literature Poetry Religion Asia India (the subcontinent) India (republic) c. 600 BCE 600 BCE Hindu hermits live in groups described as ashramas āśrama A Dictionary of Hinduism 1 1000-600 BCE 6th century BCE Religion Asia India (the subcontinent) India (republic) c. 550 BCE 550 BCE The Sinhalese, after moving south through India,...

Pakistan

Pakistan: c. 2500 BCE - 2011  

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...1415 Asia South Asia India (the subcontinent) Europe Empires 1947 1947 Violent sectarian division in Kashmir results in war between India and Pakistan in support of the rival sides Kashmir World Encyclopedia 1 1940s 20th century War Asia South Asia India (the subcontinent) India (republic) 1949 1949 The first Indo-Pakistani war ends with a Kashmir demarcation line approved by the UN but acceptable to neither state Kashmir A Dictionary of Contemporary World History 3 1940s 20th century War Asia South Asia India (the subcontinent) India (republic) 1958 1958...

Mughal empire

Mughal empire: 1504 - 1876  

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2012

...empire in India Babur (1483–1530) A Dictionary of World History 2 16th century Politics Dynasties and royalty Battles Muslim empires Asia South Asia India (the subcontinent) India (republic) Empires 1527 1527 Victory at Khanua, over a Hindu confederation of Rajput rulers, brings Babur a tenuous control over most of northwest India Babur (1483–1530) A Dictionary of World History 2 16th century Politics Dynasties and royalty Battles Muslim empires Asia South Asia India (the subcontinent) Empires 1530 1530 The first Mughal emperor, Babur, dies in India and is...

Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka: c. 550 BCE - 2009  

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...550 BCE 550 BCE The Sinhalese, after moving south through India, cross into Sri Lanka Taprobane The Oxford Classical Dictionary 3 rev 6th century BCE Migration Asia South Asia India (the subcontinent) Society c. 250 BCE 250 BCE Buddhism reaches Sri Lanka as a result of the missionary efforts of the Indian ruler, Asoka Aśoka The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions 1 rev 3rd century BCE Religion Asia South Asia India (the subcontinent) c. 100 100 Theravada Buddhism, strong in south India and Sri Lanka, travels with traders through southeast Asia...

Muslim empires

Muslim empires: 634 - 1922  

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...empire in India Babur (1483–1530) A Dictionary of World History 2 16th century Politics Dynasties and royalty Battles Mughal empire Asia South Asia India (the subcontinent) India (republic) Empires 1527 1527 Victory at Khanua, over a Hindu confederation of Rajput rulers, brings Babur a tenuous control over most of northwest India Babur (1483–1530) A Dictionary of World History 2 16th century Politics Dynasties and royalty Battles Mughal empire Asia South Asia India (the subcontinent) Empires 1530 1530 The first Mughal emperor, Babur, dies in India and is...

Portuguese empire

Portuguese empire: 1415 - 1999  

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2012

...History 2 16th century Politics Conquest and colonization Commerce and industry European empires from 1415 Asia South Asia India (the subcontinent) Sri Lanka Europe Society Empires 1510 1510 The Portuguese seize Goa and make it their colonial capital in India Goa (India) The Concise Dictionary of World Place-Names 2 16th century Politics Conquest and colonization European empires from 1415 Asia South Asia India (the subcontinent) India (republic) Europe Empires 1511 1511 The Portuguese take control of Malacca, in the Malay peninsula, as a base for trade...

Asia

Asia: c. 500,000 years ago - 2011  

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...BCE Religion South Asia India (the subcontinent) India (republic) c. 424 BCE 424 BCE Gautama Buddha preaches his first sermon, at Sarnath, setting out the Four Noble Truths and the Eightfold Path Buddhism World Encyclopedia 1 5th century BCE Religion South Asia India (the subcontinent) India (republic) c. 424 BCE 424 BCE Gautama, after a night of meditation under a pipal tree at Buddh Gaya, is 'enlightened' and becomes the Buddha bodhi A Dictionary of Buddhism 1 5th century BCE Religion South Asia India (the subcontinent) India (republic) c. 420 BCE 420...

British empire

British empire: 1583 - 1997  

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...1707 United Kingdom - from 1801 British Isles Europe Society Empires Britain 1858 1858 The India Act places India under the direct control of the British government, ending the rule of the East India Company India Acts A Dictionary of World History 2 19th century Victorian era Britain 1750-1900 Politics Conquest and colonization Great Britain - from 1707 United Kingdom - from 1801 British Isles European empires from 1415 Mughal empire Muslim empires Asia South Asia India (the subcontinent) Europe Empires Britain 1858 1858 Speke reaches Lake Victoria and guesses...

3rd century BCE

3rd century BCE: c. 300 BCE - c. 200 BCE  

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...appearance in India Berruguete, Alonso ( c. 1488–1561) The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance 1 Science Asia South Asia India (the subcontinent) c. 250 BCE 250 BCE The Romans evolve a system of numerals which, until the end of the Middle Ages, is a handicap to western arithmetic Roman numeral World Encyclopedia 1 Science Europe Greece Italy c. 250 BCE 250 BCE Buddhism reaches Sri Lanka as a result of the missionary efforts of the Indian ruler, Asoka Aśoka The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions 1 rev Religion Asia South Asia India (the...

4th century BCE

4th century BCE: c. 400 BCE - c. 300 BCE  

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...India Alexander III (“The Great”) The Oxford Guide to People and Places of the Bible 1 Politics Conquest and colonization Asia South Asia India (the subcontinent) Pakistan Greece 326 BCE 326 BCE Alexander's famous horse Bucephalus dies in India and is commemorated in the name of a new town, Bucephala Bucephalus The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable 2 325 BCE 325 BCE In the Indian monsoon Alexander's Greek troops have finally had enough and threaten to mutiny unless he turns for home Alexander the Great (356–323 bc ) World Encyclopedia 1 War India (the...

Islam

Islam: c. 100 - 2005  

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2012
Subject:
Religion

...European empires from 1415 Asia South Asia India (the subcontinent) Europe Empires 1940 1940 Mohammed Ali Jinnah puts forward the concept of independent Muslim states within India Jinnah, Mohammed Ali (1876–1948) A Dictionary of British History 1 rev 1940s 20th century Politics Religion European empires from 1415 Asia South Asia India (the subcontinent) Pakistan Europe Empires 1947 1947 In granting independence to India, Britain partitions the subcontinent along sectarian lines into Pakistan and the republic of India Partition A Dictionary of Hinduism 1 1940s...

9th century

9th century: c. 800 - c. 900  

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...controls the whole of south India and will last for two centuries Tamils A Dictionary of Contemporary World History 3 10th century Politics Dynasties and royalty Asia South Asia India (the subcontinent) India (republic) c. 900 900 Chan Chan, today the largest of the ruined Andean cities, dominates the entire length of Peru Chan Chan The Oxford Companion to Archaeology 1 10th century Civilizations of Peru Andean Civilizations Politics Latin America Peru South America c. 900 900 Zoroastrians migrate from Muslim Persia to India, where they become known as...

10th century

10th century: c. 900 - c. 1000  

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...controls the whole of south India and will last for two centuries Tamils A Dictionary of Contemporary World History 3 9th century Politics Dynasties and royalty Asia South Asia India (the subcontinent) India (republic) c. 900 900 Chan Chan, today the largest of the ruined Andean cities, dominates the entire length of Peru Chan Chan The Oxford Companion to Archaeology 1 9th century Civilizations of Peru Andean Civilizations Politics Latin America Peru South America c. 900 900 Zoroastrians migrate from Muslim Persia to India, where they become known as...

European empires from 1415

European empires from 1415: 1415 - 1997  

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...In granting independence to India, Britain partitions the subcontinent along sectarian lines into Pakistan and the republic of India Partition A Dictionary of Hinduism 1 1940s 20th century Politics Religion Islam British empire Asia South Asia India (the subcontinent) Europe Empires 1947 1947 Jawaharlal Nehru becomes prime minister of the newly independent republic of India Nehru, Jawaharlal (1889–1964) A Dictionary of British History 1 rev 1940s 20th century Politics British empire Asia South Asia India (the subcontinent) India (republic) Europe Empires...

2nd century

2nd century: c. 100 - c. 200  

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...Companion to Classical Literature 3 Roman empire Politics Dynasties and royalty Asia West Asia Lebanon and Syria Europe Italy Empires c. 120 120 Kanishka rules the Kushan empire of Afghanistan and northern India from his capital at Peshawar Kuṣāṇa A Dictionary of Buddhism 1 Politics Dynasties and royalty Asia Central Asia Afghanistan South Asia India (the subcontinent) c. 120 120 The Pantheon, roofed with the most spectacular dome of antiquity, is built in Rome by Hadrian Pantheon A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture 2 Roman empire...

Dutch empire

Dutch empire: 1595 - 1975  

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2012

...1595 The first Dutch expedition round the Cape reaches Java and secures trading agreements Java World Encyclopedia 1 16th century Commerce and industry Asia East Asia Southeast Asia Society Empires 1602 1602 The Dutch East India Company is founded, with a tax-free monopoly of the eastern trade for twenty-one years Dutch East India Company Oxford Dictionary of English 3 17th century Commerce and industry Europe Netherlands Society Empires 1619 1619 Jan Pieterszoon Coen destroys the town of Jakarta, on the coast of Java, and rebuilds it as a Dutch trading...

5th century BCE

5th century BCE: c. 500 BCE - c. 400 BCE  

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...preaches his first sermon, at Sarnath, setting out the Four Noble Truths and the Eightfold Path Buddhism World Encyclopedia 1 Religion Asia South Asia India (the subcontinent) India (republic) c. 424 BCE 424 BCE Gautama, after a night of meditation under a pipal tree at Buddh Gaya, is 'enlightened' and becomes the Buddha bodhi A Dictionary of Buddhism 1 Religion Asia South Asia India (the subcontinent) India (republic) c. 420 BCE 420 BCE The Greek philosopher Democritus declares that matter is composed of indivisible and indestructible atoms atomism World...

Religion

Religion: c. 4000 BCE - 2005  

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2012
Subject:
Religion

...century BCE Asia South Asia India (the subcontinent) India (republic) c. 424 BCE 424 BCE Gautama, after a night of meditation under a pipal tree at Buddh Gaya, is 'enlightened' and becomes the Buddha bodhi A Dictionary of Buddhism 1 5th century BCE Asia South Asia India (the subcontinent) India (republic) c. 420 BCE 420 BCE Buddha introduces a vigorous tradition of monasticism, in the order of Buddhist monks known as Sangha Buddhism World Encyclopedia 1 5th century BCE Monasticism Asia South Asia India (the subcontinent) India (republic) c. 400 BCE 400...

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