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Overview

India

Subject: History

The world's largest democracy has a rich and diverse culture. Now, it is also achieving more rapid economic growth India's vast territory can be divided into three main regions ...

India

India   Quick reference

World Maps

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

...India Physical map Political map Delhi Central Delhi Central Delhi Kolkata Mumbai Central Mumbai...

India

India   Quick reference

World Flags

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

... The Indian flag was adopted shortly after the country gained independence from Britain in 1947. The saffron (orange) represents India's Hindu people, the green stands for the Muslims, and the white symbolizes the peace between them. The central wheel is a Gandhian symbol of...

India

India   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,835 words
Illustration(s):
2

...has also been a boom in consumer electronics and computers. The latter can take advantage of India’s large pool of computer programmers, especially in Bangalore, India’s ‘cybercity’. India’s English-speaking graduates also staff many call centres for companies in the USA and Europe and perform many other ‘outsourced’ functions. Software and computer services now account for around one-quarter of exports. These developments have been transforming the face of India’s cities. TV programming has now been opened up to a multitude of satellite channels. Life in...

India

India   Quick reference

The Concise Dictionary of World Place-Names (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...India ( Bhārat ) , ( Hindustan ) The Republic of India (Hindi: Bhārat Gaņarājya) since 1950 after independence was achieved in 1947 when the Federal Union of India (and Dominion of India) was created. Although the English East India Company had established its first trading post on the west coast of India in 1608 , the first step in the creation of a British Empire in India was only taken as a result of the victory of Robert Clive ( 1725–74 ) at the Battle of Plassey in 1757 . At this time the Company desired no territory other than Bengal; it...

India

India   Reference library

A. Mathias Mundadan

The Oxford Encyclopaedia of South Asian Christianity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,525 words

...reached India in the first century as a result of the preachings of St Thomas the Apostle. The fruits of the Medieval Western Latin Mission, which culminated in the establishment of a bishopric at Kollam (Quilon) in 1329 , did not survive. It is the Portuguese who laid the foundation for the present Latin Christianity * in India in the sixteenth century. Other missionaries built on this foundation. The Protestant form of Christianity had its debut in India with the Lutheran establishment at Tranquebar ( 1706 ). The ancient Christians of India, the St...

India

India   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
7,507 words
Illustration(s):
3

...of “Indian Muslim.” At the same time, the Muslims of independent India have neither participated in “Islamist” or militant movements, nor have they organized any national-level Muslim political party. They have supported a range of political parties and participated in the regularly held elections that make the Republic of India the world's largest democracy. Muslims in India. Indian Muslims offer a Friday prayer at Delhi's Jama Masjid (Mosque). Photograph by Manish Swarup / AP Images India in the Eighteenth Century. The eighteenth century is increasingly...

India’s Growth Turnaround

India’s Growth Turnaround   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Economics in India (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Social sciences, Economics, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
3,852 words
Illustration(s):
2

...be attributed to some combination of a common shift in s t India and state-wise differences in the α i . A differential impact of the all-India shock might be attributed to different values of α i ; with non-V states, by implication, having α i values extremely close to zero, thus closing off any convergence response. Agenda for Future Research Research on India’s growth turnaround needs to move beyond its empiricist nature and towards a theoretical model of India’s growth pattern. Given India’s economic planning history and the empirical evidence it would...

Reserve Bank of India

Reserve Bank of India   Reference library

T.C.A. Srinivasa-Raghavan

The New Oxford Companion to Economics in India (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012

...of India The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) is India’s central bank. It manages India’s monetary and exchange rate policies and public debt, that is, the borrowings of the central and state governments. The regulation of commercial banking is another of its key responsibilities. Between 1935 and 1949, when it was nationalized, RBI was a private entity. Until 1950, since ‘finance’ was a ‘reserved’ subject for the Government of India, monetary policy was made by the government, while the Imperial Bank of India (nationalized and renamed the State Bank of India in...

State Bank of India

State Bank of India   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Economics in India (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012

...Bank of India Genesis and Organization The State Bank of India is India’s oldest and largest commercial bank. It is lineally descended from the Bank of Calcutta, which was set up in 1806 (27 March) ( Bagchi 1987 : part I, p. 66) as a purely government-owned bank run by officials of the (English) East India Company. The latter had by then become the paramount power in the subcontinent. It was transformed into the Bank of Bengal, a joint-stock bank with limited liability, with effect from 2 January 1809 (ibid.: 97). The privilege of limited liability for...

International Migration from India: Economic Impact

International Migration from India: Economic Impact   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Economics in India (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012

...much more sensitive to India’s credit risk as assessed by foreign ratings agencies, while the former are more blasè about sovereign risk when they put money into India. The one clear case when NRI withdrawals amplified India’s BOP crisis in 1991 appears to have been driven by the perception of an impending devaluation rather than credit risk per se. When storm clouds threatened, as in the aftermath of the Asian financial crisis in 1997 and India’s nuclear tests in 1998, India raised funds from its diaspora: US$ 4.2 billion from the India Resurgent Bonds (RIBs)...

Entrepreneurs in India and Abroad

Entrepreneurs in India and Abroad   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Economics in India (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012

...more capital for growth through a stock market listing. India too has examples of professionals turned first generation entrepreneurs, including the huge success of Infosys Technologies and Biocon. But the proportion, and perhaps even the total number, of professionals starting enterprises in India is far lower than in the US. This is in a way reflected in the IT industry itself, the breeding ground for many Indian entrepreneurs in the US. Anecdotal evidence suggests that most such companies in India are controlled by business families and foreign entities,...

Caritas India

Caritas India   Reference library

Varghese Mattamana

The Oxford Encyclopaedia of South Asian Christianity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012

...India Caritas India is a national organization for social concern and development of the Catholic Bishops’ Conference of India * (CBCI). Established in 1962 , Caritas India works through a network of 158 diocesan social service societies and more than 200 non-governmental secular organizations throughout India * to promote community-based sustainable development programmes for the eradication of poverty. The vision of Caritas India is the ‘formation of a just and sustaining social order, where gospel values of love, equality, and peace are nurtured...

Compassion India

Compassion India   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopaedia of South Asian Christianity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012

...work in India * began in 1968 . Currently, over 75,000 children are being cared for in more than 300 projects spread all over the country. Compassion's ministry also extends to Bangladesh * , and has two major centres based in Chennai * and in Kolkata * (east India). The major work of Compassion is India is carried out in partnership with Caruna Bal Vikas , while Shohanabhuti Bangladesh Trust facilitates the operations in Bangladesh. The South Asia office of Compassion is located in Bangalore. The three major thrusts of Compassion India are: the...

Northeast India

Northeast India   Reference library

O.L. Snaitang

The Oxford Encyclopaedia of South Asian Christianity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,763 words

...an intermediary body on socio-political issues both in the states and at the national level. It is also a major constituent body of the National Council of Churches in India * (NCCI). o.l. snaitang Muanthanga, P.C. (2002), Transforming Eastern India Region . O'Brien, D. , (ed.) (2005), The Penguin India Reference Yearbook 2005 , New Delhi: Penguin. The Seven Sisters of North East India: A Profile (2004), Guwahati: Northeastern Social Research Centre. Manorama Yearbook (1982), Kottayam: Manorama Publishing...

La India

La India (9 March 1970)   Reference library

Frances R. Aparicio

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
220 words

...India [ Caballero, Linda Viera ] ( b Río Piedras, PR , 9 March 1970 ). Singer of Puerto Rican birth. Raised in the South Bronx in New York City, she started as a backup singer for the Latin freestyle group TKA. However, it is in salsa music that La India has left her mark. Her first Spanish-language salsa album was produced by Eddie Palmieri in 1992 ( Llegó la India via Eddie Palmieri ). In 1994 she released Dicen que soy , containing a duet with Marc Anthony , “Vivir lo nuestro.” Since then, she has collaborated with Tito Puente , Celia...

India-China Relations

India-China Relations   Reference library

J. Mohan MALIK

Berkshire Encyclopedia of China

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016

...India’s, and China receives three times more foreign investment than India ($74.7 billion for China versus $23 billion for India in 2008 ) (Hiscock, 2008 ). China’s dramatic economic progress evokes envy, admiration, and a desire for emulation among Indians, who lament that whether China practices Communism (under Mao) or capitalism (post-Mao), it always does it better than India. Obviously, India has a lot of catching up to do in the economic sphere. Besides, the bulk of Indian exports to China consists of iron ore and other raw materials, while India...

Operation Mobilization India

Operation Mobilization India   Reference library

Joseph D'souza

The Oxford Encyclopaedia of South Asian Christianity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012

...a large portion of OM India's work focuses on transforming India's Dalit community by imparting primary education to them. Over a span of more than forty years, thousands of Indian men and women have received training through OM India. Today, they can be found in all walks of life. Many have returned to secular employment, while over 20 per cent are engaged in full-time Christian ministry. The Operation Mobilization India is known nationwide for the excellent training it imparts to young Indian Christians, the unity it promotes among India's denominations, and...

India Bible Literature

India Bible Literature   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopaedia of South Asian Christianity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012

...of illiteracy in India * . Literacy India Trust conducts programmes in eighteen states of India and in Myanmar, Nepal, and Bhutan. In addition to learning to read and write, learners are taught simple arithmetic, ways to generate income, the importance of saving money, basic health and hygiene, and also, awareness about HIV/AIDS, governmental programmes designed for the upliftment of the poor, and other public services such as post office. In its programmes, LIT associates with various churches and social organizations. Literacy India Trust reaches out to...

India Missions Association

India Missions Association   Reference library

K. Rajendran

The Oxford Encyclopaedia of South Asian Christianity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012

... Missions Association Around the 1950s, most of the European colonized nations became independent and slowly missed the traditional Protestant Western missionary services. Thus, the church in India had to develop her own indigenous leadership. In this scenario, in 1977 , six Indian missions assembled to form the India Missions Association (IMA) in a meeting called by the Evangelical Fellowship of India * (EFI) at Devlalai, Maharashtra * . The India Missions Association was formed for facilitating mutual help, cooperation, and corporate expression of...

Baptists in India

Baptists in India   Reference library

Roger E. Hedlund

The Oxford Encyclopaedia of South Asian Christianity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012

...participate in the Evangelical Fellowship of India (EFI) * . Most of them are part of the Baptist World Alliance, and some remain scrupulously independent. Sections of Baptists in eastern India and north India participated in church union negotiations leading to the formation of the Church of North India * (CNI), of which they became part. The Baptist denominations in northeast India are active in the Northeast India Council of Churches. roger e. hedlund Baptist World Alliance (1997), Yearbook of the Baptist World Alliance , Washington, DC: Baptist...

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