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India

Subject: History

The world's largest democracy has a rich and diverse culture. Now, it is also achieving more rapid economic growth India's vast territory can be divided into three main regions ...

India

India   Reference library

A. Mathias Mundadan

The Oxford Encyclopaedia of South Asian Christianity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,525 words

...reached India in the first century as a result of the preachings of St Thomas the Apostle. The fruits of the Medieval Western Latin Mission, which culminated in the establishment of a bishopric at Kollam (Quilon) in 1329 , did not survive. It is the Portuguese who laid the foundation for the present Latin Christianity * in India in the sixteenth century. Other missionaries built on this foundation. The Protestant form of Christianity had its debut in India with the Lutheran establishment at Tranquebar ( 1706 ). The ancient Christians of India, the St...

India

India   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
7,507 words
Illustration(s):
3

...of “Indian Muslim.” At the same time, the Muslims of independent India have neither participated in “Islamist” or militant movements, nor have they organized any national-level Muslim political party. They have supported a range of political parties and participated in the regularly held elections that make the Republic of India the world's largest democracy. Muslims in India. Indian Muslims offer a Friday prayer at Delhi's Jama Masjid (Mosque). Photograph by Manish Swarup / AP Images India in the Eighteenth Century. The eighteenth century is increasingly...

Caritas India

Caritas India   Reference library

Varghese Mattamana

The Oxford Encyclopaedia of South Asian Christianity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012

...India Caritas India is a national organization for social concern and development of the Catholic Bishops’ Conference of India * (CBCI). Established in 1962 , Caritas India works through a network of 158 diocesan social service societies and more than 200 non-governmental secular organizations throughout India * to promote community-based sustainable development programmes for the eradication of poverty. The vision of Caritas India is the ‘formation of a just and sustaining social order, where gospel values of love, equality, and peace are nurtured...

Compassion India

Compassion India   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopaedia of South Asian Christianity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012

...work in India * began in 1968 . Currently, over 75,000 children are being cared for in more than 300 projects spread all over the country. Compassion's ministry also extends to Bangladesh * , and has two major centres based in Chennai * and in Kolkata * (east India). The major work of Compassion is India is carried out in partnership with Caruna Bal Vikas , while Shohanabhuti Bangladesh Trust facilitates the operations in Bangladesh. The South Asia office of Compassion is located in Bangalore. The three major thrusts of Compassion India are: the...

Northeast India

Northeast India   Reference library

O.L. Snaitang

The Oxford Encyclopaedia of South Asian Christianity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,763 words

...an intermediary body on socio-political issues both in the states and at the national level. It is also a major constituent body of the National Council of Churches in India * (NCCI). o.l. snaitang Muanthanga, P.C. (2002), Transforming Eastern India Region . O'Brien, D. , (ed.) (2005), The Penguin India Reference Yearbook 2005 , New Delhi: Penguin. The Seven Sisters of North East India: A Profile (2004), Guwahati: Northeastern Social Research Centre. Manorama Yearbook (1982), Kottayam: Manorama Publishing...

Operation Mobilization India

Operation Mobilization India   Reference library

Joseph D'souza

The Oxford Encyclopaedia of South Asian Christianity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012

...a large portion of OM India's work focuses on transforming India's Dalit community by imparting primary education to them. Over a span of more than forty years, thousands of Indian men and women have received training through OM India. Today, they can be found in all walks of life. Many have returned to secular employment, while over 20 per cent are engaged in full-time Christian ministry. The Operation Mobilization India is known nationwide for the excellent training it imparts to young Indian Christians, the unity it promotes among India's denominations, and...

India Bible Literature

India Bible Literature   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopaedia of South Asian Christianity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012

...of illiteracy in India * . Literacy India Trust conducts programmes in eighteen states of India and in Myanmar, Nepal, and Bhutan. In addition to learning to read and write, learners are taught simple arithmetic, ways to generate income, the importance of saving money, basic health and hygiene, and also, awareness about HIV/AIDS, governmental programmes designed for the upliftment of the poor, and other public services such as post office. In its programmes, LIT associates with various churches and social organizations. Literacy India Trust reaches out to...

India Missions Association

India Missions Association   Reference library

K. Rajendran

The Oxford Encyclopaedia of South Asian Christianity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012

... Missions Association Around the 1950s, most of the European colonized nations became independent and slowly missed the traditional Protestant Western missionary services. Thus, the church in India had to develop her own indigenous leadership. In this scenario, in 1977 , six Indian missions assembled to form the India Missions Association (IMA) in a meeting called by the Evangelical Fellowship of India * (EFI) at Devlalai, Maharashtra * . The India Missions Association was formed for facilitating mutual help, cooperation, and corporate expression of...

Baptists in India

Baptists in India   Reference library

Roger E. Hedlund

The Oxford Encyclopaedia of South Asian Christianity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012

...participate in the Evangelical Fellowship of India (EFI) * . Most of them are part of the Baptist World Alliance, and some remain scrupulously independent. Sections of Baptists in eastern India and north India participated in church union negotiations leading to the formation of the Church of North India * (CNI), of which they became part. The Baptist denominations in northeast India are active in the Northeast India Council of Churches. roger e. hedlund Baptist World Alliance (1997), Yearbook of the Baptist World Alliance , Washington, DC: Baptist...

Armenians in India

Armenians in India   Reference library

A. Mathias Mundadan

The Oxford Encyclopaedia of South Asian Christianity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012

...some eminent Armenian merchants. At present, the number of Armenians in India is nominal. They are in communion with the Syrian Orthodox Church of India. a. mathias mundadan Hambye, E.R. (1972), ‘The Armenian Christians in India’ in Christianity in India , 303–5. Kaloustian, S. (1957), ‘The Armenian Colony in India’ in Eastern Churches Quarterly , 7. Moffet, S.H. (2005), History of Christianity in Asia , Vol. II, Maryknoll: Orbis Books. Seth, M.J. (1937), Armenians in India ,...

World Vision India

World Vision India   Reference library

Sarojitha Arokiaraj

The Oxford Encyclopaedia of South Asian Christianity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012

...Vision India With more than fifty years of experience in India * , World Vision (WV) works in close to 140 districts around the country through development that is community-based, sustainable, and transformational, through emergency response and disaster mitigation, and through grassroots-based advocacy initiatives. In India, the WV work began in a small way in Calcutta in 1962 . World Vision India partners with the poor for promoting their development, working with the government and civil society to usher in a better and brighter future for India. Its key...

Lutherans in India

Lutherans in India   Reference library

Jacob G.J. Sundarsingh

The Oxford Encyclopaedia of South Asian Christianity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012

...Evangelical Lutheran Synod of India in Guntur. The formation of the All-India Lutheran Literature Society ( 1905 ), the All-India Lutheran Conference ( 1908 ), the Lutheran National Missionary Society ( 1916 ), an official monthly Gospel Witness ( 1926 ), the All-India Lutheran Youth Federation ( 1928 ), the Committee on Common Lutheran Liturgy ( 1930 ), and the War Emergency Committee ( 1939 ) were some of the attempts to unite Indian Lutheran churches. The formation of the Federation of Evangelical Lutheran Churches in India (FELCI) in 1926 became an...

Scripture Union, India

Scripture Union, India   Reference library

Peter S.C. Pothan

The Oxford Encyclopaedia of South Asian Christianity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012

...Union, India Scripture Union (SU) and the Children's Special Service Mission (CSSM) was founded in England by Josiah Spiers in 1867 , and has been working in India * since 1901 . R.T. Archibald brought it to India, and visited the English medium schools to hold missions. Rev. A. Quintin Carr , Rev. Cecil M. Johnston , Rev. Joe Mullins , and John Jacob followed him in this ministry. This has grown into a nationwide movement with over fifty staff members working all over the nation. Today most of the staff members are Indians, many of whom...

Tribes in India

Tribes in India   Reference library

Fanai Hrangkhuma

The Oxford Encyclopaedia of South Asian Christianity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012

...hrangkhuma Dube, S.C. (1977), Tribal Heritage of India, Vol. I: Ethnicity, Identity and Interaction , Delhi: Vikas. Hrangkhuma, F. (ed.) (2004), Tribes in Transition , Bangalore: SAIACS. —(ed.) (1998), Christianity in India: Search for Liberation and Identity , Delhi: ISPCK. —‘Christ and Tribal Culture’ in J. Kavunkal and F. Hrangkhuma (eds) (1994), Christ and Cultures , Bombay: St Pauls. Marak, K.C. (1996), ‘The Brokenness of the Tribals in India and Their Future’ in The Church in India: its Mission Tomorrow , Delhi: ISPCK. Ponraj, S.D. ...

Theologizing in India

Theologizing in India   Reference library

A. Mathias Mundadan

The Oxford Encyclopaedia of South Asian Christianity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012

...The mood today is to allow the various approaches with their ever-increasing nuances and paradigm shifts to grow, irrespective of whether a synthesis emerges or not. Theologians in India who are concerned with a genuine encounter of the gospel message and the Indian situation are confronted with its various dimensions and facts. One is the sublime philosophical wisdom of India * , another, the deep religious experience of the Indian people, the popular, the religious–contemplative, and religious–philosophical expressions. There are, on the other hand,...

Conference of Religious India

Conference of Religious India   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopaedia of South Asian Christianity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012

...of Religious India The Conference of Religious India (CRI) was formally approved by the Holy See in 1963 and registered under the Societies Registration Act in India as a representative body of all Catholic religious orders in India * . As of January 2005 , the CRI comprised a total of 1,00,430 Catholic religious persons in India, who are members of 307 different congregations (that is, religious orders) consisting of brothers, priests, and sisters. More than 85,000 persons among these are Catholic sisters serving in various capacities throughout...

Tribes in Northeast India

Tribes in Northeast India   Reference library

Wati Longchar

The Oxford Encyclopaedia of South Asian Christianity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012

...in Northeast India Some of the most active churches are found among the tribes in northeast India, especially among the Mizos and Nagas. This makes it imperative for all Christian studies to gain a clear understanding about the tribes in northeast India, their origins, and their constituents. The tribal communities in northeast India are represented by three major racial groups: (i) the Sino–Tibetan people began to infiltrate into the region as early as the third millennium bc; the Boro–Bodo tribes in the Brahmaputra Valley and other tribal groups in ...

Evangelical Fellowship of India

Evangelical Fellowship of India   Reference library

R. Howell

The Oxford Encyclopaedia of South Asian Christianity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012

...is available in thirty-one languages. The Evangelical Federation of India's Theological Commission (EFI-TC) was founded in 1962 . In 1965 , The Indian Evangelical Mission came into being. In 1967 , the EFI Consultative Committee on Emergency and Relief was established, which is now known as the Evangelical Fellowship of India Commission on Relief (EFICOR). Subsequently, the following institutions were established: the Evangelical Trust Association of North India in 1968 , the India Missions Association in 1977 , the National Forum for Reconciliation,...

Literacy Movement in India

Literacy Movement in India   Reference library

Rosario Gomez

The Oxford Encyclopaedia of South Asian Christianity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012

...totally literate in other parts of India. rosario gomez Dutta, S.C. (1986), History of Adult Education in India , New Delhi: Indian Adult Education Association. Parthasarathy, K. (2003), Literacy and Development , Vol. 1, Chennai: State Resource Centre for Non-formal, Adult and Continuing Education. Shah, S.Y. and National Literacy Mission, India (1999), An Encyclopedia of Indian Adult Education , New Delhi: National Literacy Mission. UNESCO (1984), Literacy Situation in Asia and the Pacific: Country Studies: India , Bangkok: UNESCO Regional Office...

Church of South India

Church of South India   Reference library

D. Arthur Jeyakumar

The Oxford Encyclopaedia of South Asian Christianity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012

...South India The Church of South India (CSI) is the largest Protestant Church in India. It was inaugurated on 27 September 1947 . It is an organic union of different traditions of the Protestant churches, that is, the Anglican, Wesleyan Methodists, Presbyterians, and Congregationalists, in south India. Its process goes back to the missionary conferences held in various parts of India from the beginning of the nineteenth century, when cooperation in mission and the formation of one church for India were much talked about. The Presbyterians in south India—the...

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