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India

Subject: History

The world's largest democracy has a rich and diverse culture. Now, it is also achieving more rapid economic growth India's vast territory can be divided into three main regions ...

La India

La India (9 March 1970)   Reference library

Frances R. Aparicio

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
220 words

...India [ Caballero, Linda Viera ] ( b Río Piedras, PR , 9 March 1970 ). Singer of Puerto Rican birth. Raised in the South Bronx in New York City, she started as a backup singer for the Latin freestyle group TKA. However, it is in salsa music that La India has left her mark. Her first Spanish-language salsa album was produced by Eddie Palmieri in 1992 ( Llegó la India via Eddie Palmieri ). In 1994 she released Dicen que soy , containing a duet with Marc Anthony , “Vivir lo nuestro.” Since then, she has collaborated with Tito Puente , Celia...

Neo-soul

Neo-soul   Reference library

Miles White

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
344 words

...crooner D’angelo , however, who became the most influential progenitor of the style based on the atmospheric albums Brown Sugar ( 1995 ) and Voodoo ( 2000 ), both critical and commercial successes. D’Angelo opened the door for artists such as Maxwell, Erykah Badu, India.Arie, Eric Benet, Macy Gray, Raphael Saadiq, Jill Scott, and others. Although many of these artists have achieved significant mainstream success, the music remains primarily confined to a small but loyal fan base and is supported by a cottage industry of small independent record...

Kaʻai

Kaʻai (7 Jan 1881)   Reference library

Andrea Low

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
334 words
Illustration(s):
1

...of the Hawaiian orchestra ( see Ukulele ). He Ernest Kaʻai with mandolin. (Bishop Museum) subsequently introduced and popularized Hawaiian music through his music schools in Honolulu, Detroit, and San Francisco, and on ensemble tours of Australasia, Southeast Asia, Japan, and India between 1911 and 1937 . He wrote the earliest known ukulele method ( The Ukulele, A Hawaiian Guitar and How to Play It , 1906 ), which was published with chord frames and basic tablature. He later produced an improved method for the ukulele ( The Ukulele and How Its [ sic ] ...

Music psychology

Music psychology   Reference library

Harold Fiske and Jack Heller

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
4,920 words

...account of cultural differences in music perception, particularly those resulting from conflicting tuning and scale structure systems (e.g., well-tempered Western tuning versus the more variable gamelan pelog tuning system, or Western diatonic scales versus the scales of India or China). Hard Construction theory therefore allows a better theoretical fit between music perception research and ethnomusicology. At least four events anticipated the paradigm revolution: Gestalt theory (1930s) and its principles of cognitive pattern organization and...

Music education

Music education   Reference library

Richard Colwell, James W. Pruett, Pamela Bristah, Richard J. Colwell, and David G. Woods

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
16,910 words

...was to establish means to continue the education of their children. Indeed, by order of Governor Winthrop, six towns near Boston had established three-month schools by 1630 . Boston hired a schoolmaster in 1635 and opened a public school the following year. The Dutch East India Company in New York provided a “free” school in 1638 and a secondary school in 1639 ; New Haven, Connecticut supported a free school in 1642 , the same year that Massachusetts passed an education law requiring education of all children in reading, writing, and religion....

Native American music

Native American music   Reference library

Bruno Nettl, Victoria Lindsay Levine, Bryan Burton, Gertrude Prokosch Kurath, and Victoria Lindsay Levine

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
16,585 words
Illustration(s):
11

...activity. Nevertheless, Native Americans usually maintained a separation between their knowledge of Western music and their traditional music. Until the late 20th century, they did not develop the kinds of mixed styles that arose in Africa, in black cultures of the New World, in India, and in the Middle East. This lengthy stylistic separatism is probably due to the great differences between the Native American styles and those of the European music known to them. The greatest degree of integration occurred in the Southwest, where Spanish became a common...

Puthli, Asha

Puthli, Asha (c1947)   Reference library

Gayle Murchison

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
282 words

...Asha ( b Bombay [Mumbai], India , c 1947 ). Indian singer and actress . From an affluent family, Puthli attended college in Mumbai. After studying Indian classical music and dance and Western opera as a youth, she began singing jazz and pop with local bands at age 13 and made her first recording in 1968 . She met author Ved Mehta, who wrote about her in Portrait of India (New York, 1970 ). She appeared in two films by Ismail Merchant and James Ivory , The Guru ( 1969 ) and Savages ( 1972 ). A dance scholarship from the Martha Graham...

Shankar, Ravi

Shankar, Ravi (7 April 1920)   Reference library

Stephen Slawek

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
388 words

... ṭhumrī in the closing numbers of his performances. In 1949 Shankar was appointed director of music by All-India Radio and served as composer-conductor for its newly proposed instrumental ensemble ( vrinda Ravi Shankar performing with his daughter Anoushka. (M. Peric/Lebrecht Music & Arts) vādya ). He stayed there until 1956 , when he began making frequent visits to the United States and Europe. He continued to perform around the world as India's most sought-after classical musician. His liberal outlook brought him into musical collaborations with a...

Strickland

Strickland (28 Jan 1887)   Reference library

John Graziano

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
251 words

... 1920 and 1929 Strickland lived in India, during which time she became fascinated with non-Western music and wrote a number of articles comparing Indian with European idioms. Some of Strickland's early pieces were influenced by the African American music she used to hear on her grandparents’ estate. After 1910 she was drawn to Native American music and incorporated some of its melodies in such pieces as Two Shawnee Indian Dances ( 1919 ) and the operetta Laughing Star of Zuni ( 1946 ). Her sojourn in India influenced many of her works composed...

Harmonium

Harmonium   Reference library

Barbara Owen, Alastair Dick, and N. Lee Orr

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
121 words

.... A small instrument of the Reed organ family. The term is commonly used in Europe to refer to all reed organs, of whatever size or construction. Such instruments were widely disseminated, especially by the colonial powers in Africa and India. Though upright models are found, the most common is a small portable instrument set in a box. Models are made in various sizes with a range of stops and couplers. The instrument is usually played while sitting on the floor, the player fingering the keyboard with one hand and pumping a bellows at the back with...

Roy, Badal

Roy, Badal (1945)   Reference library

Matt Rahaim

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
311 words

...to the needs of each ensemble. Nonetheless, he has also played alongside top-level Indian classical musicians, such as the mridangam virtuoso Anantha R. Krishnan in Miles from India , a Miles Davis tribute project. Roy has also recorded several albums of his own, including One in the Pocket ( 1997 , Nomad) and Kolkata Rose ( 2002 , FMR). Bibliography J. Woodard : “Out of India: the Continental Crossings of Badal Roy, Trilok Gurtu and Zakir Hussain,” JT , xxvii/9 (1997), 38–43 J. Tamarkin : “Eastern Promise: how Bob Belden Made Cultures Collide for an...

Viswanathan, Tanjore

Viswanathan, Tanjore (13 Aug 1927)   Reference library

Matthew Harp Allen

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
343 words

...Tanjore ( b Madras [now Chennai], India , 13 Aug 1927 ; d Hartford, CT , 10 Sept 2002 ). Flutist , vocalist , and ethnomusicologist of Indian birth. Born into a family of musicians and dancers, he received his musical training from his mother T. Jayammal and from flutist T.N. Swaminatha Pillai, an MA in economics from Annamalai University ( 1951 ), and a PhD in ethnomusicology from Wesleyan University ( 1975 ). He first came to the United States as a Fulbright scholar at UCLA ( 1958–60 ), was reader and head of the department of Indian music...

Cortijo y su Combo

Cortijo y su Combo   Reference library

Bárbara Idalissee Abadía-Rexach

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
165 words

...founded in 1954 by the percussionist, bandleader, and composer Rafael Cortijo ( b Santurce, PR, 11 Jan 1928 ; d San Juan, PR, 3 Oct 1982 ). Its plena -influenced, percussive style gained an audience in Puerto Rico through appearances on the television show “La taberna india” and performances throughout the island, and became popular all over Latin America. The orchestra, whose members were Afro-Puerto Ricans , disbanded in 1962 . However, the group's songs, particularly those recorded by Ismael Rivera , remain part of the Puerto Rican popular...

Bollywood

Bollywood   Reference library

Alison E. Arnold

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
597 words

...success in the United States and UK, as well as in India. Producer-director Karan Johar 's “NRI films,” including Kabhi Alvida Naa Kehna (“Never Say Goodbye”) ( 2006 ) set in New York City, and My Name is Khan ( 2010 ), filmed in the United States and India, have each broken all previous Bollywood overseas box-office records, the latter earning $19.2 million. Bollywood films provide a nostalgic fantasy world for first-generation immigrants in America, but they also signify the new global India, and in this respect they have a significant impact on...

Pandit Pran Nath

Pandit Pran Nath (3 Nov 1918)   Reference library

La Monte Young

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
357 words

...Pran Nath ( b Lahore, India [now Pakistan] , 3 Nov 1918 ; d Berkeley, CA , 13 June 1996 ). Indian vocalist and composer , naturalized American . From the age of 13 he studied for 20 years as a disciple of Abdul Waheed Khan . He established his reputation as a leading interpreter of Kirana style with an exceptional knowledge of traditional compositions and the delineation of raga. From 1960 to 1970 he taught at Delhi University. His first appearances in the West in 1970 brought the vocal tradition of Hindustani classical music to the...

Hussain, Zakir

Hussain, Zakir (9 March 1951)   Reference library

Stephen Slawek

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
315 words

...Zakir ( b Bombay [now Mumbai], India , 9 March 1951 ). Percussionist and tabla player of Indian birth. Hussain began studying music at the age of three with his father, the late Ustad Alla Rakha. He presented his debut performance in Bombay at age 15, providing tabla accompaniment for the master of the Indian santur, Pandit Shiv Kumar Sharma. Hussain's rise to fame was rapid and sustained, leading to international renown after he traveled to the United States in 1970. His first US public performance came as accompanist to Pandit Ravi Shankar....

Madlib

Madlib (24 Oct 1973)   Reference library

Mike Levine

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
267 words

...series comprises a series of instrumental compilation albums. Beat Konducta Vol 1–2: Movie Scenes ( 2006 ) contains Madlib's first collection of original (previously unused) hip-hop instrumentals. Beat Konducta Vol 3–4: Beat Konducta in India ( 2007 ) features instrumental hip-hop sampling of the music of India. Most recently, Jackson released a disc of original tracks and remixes in collaboration with Detroit rapper Guilty Simpson, called OJ Simpson ( 2010 ). Mike...

Tao Moe Family

Tao Moe Family   Reference library

William Bares

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
375 words

...included Tau Moe (“Papa Tau”) ( b Samoa, 13 Aug 1908 ; d Laie, HI, 24 June 2004 ), Rose Kau ( b Kohala, HI, 11 Aug 1908 ; d Laie, HI, 18 Dec 1998 ), son Lani ( b Tokyo, Japan, 13 July 1929 ; d Laie, HI, 7 Dec 2002 ), and daughter Dorian (Moe-Vinuela) ( b Calcutta, India, 14 Sept 1946 ). Members of musical families who settled in Laie, Hawai’i, steel guitarist Tau and vocalist Rose performed together for over 60 years—beginning as husband and wife duo, and later as a family troupe with their children, Lani and Dorian. The family both contributed...

Red Baraat

Red Baraat   Reference library

Wendy F. Hsu

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
252 words

...Baraat released an album titled Chaal Baby in 2010 . The ensemble has been featured at many festivals and venues including Lincoln Center, the Montreal Jazz Festival, the Chicago World Music Festival, the Pori Jazz Festival (Finland), the Molde Jazz Festival (Norway), and the India Independence Day Parade. Wendy F....

Robinson, Gertrude Rivers

Robinson, Gertrude Rivers (30 June 1927)   Reference library

Daniele Buccio

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
212 words

...and from the 1970s until her death at Loyola Marymount University, where served as Associate Professor of Music and Chair of the Department of Music. She conducted field research in Bali, where she studied with the famous Balinese master of music Cokorde Agung Mas and also in India, Trinidad, and Ghana. Her ethnomusicological knowledge, particularly the Balinese gamelan, influenced her own compositions, including Bayang Bayangan (Shadows) for Western Septet, Balinese Octet, Dancers and Visuals ( 1962 ). Moods I and II ( 1986 ), dedicated to the...

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