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Overview

India

Subject: History

The world's largest democracy has a rich and diverse culture. Now, it is also achieving more rapid economic growth India's vast territory can be divided into three main regions ...

Pakistan

Pakistan  

Asia's great underachiever. Democracy has yet to take hold and now the country is under attack from terrorists.Pakistan has four main geographical regions. First, in the far north is the Hindu Kush ...
Charles Bradlaugh

Charles Bradlaugh  

(1833–91)British social reformer. A republican and keen supporter of reform movements, he was tried, with Annie Besant, in 1877–78 for printing a pamphlet on birth control. The charge failed and ...
Horatio Gates

Horatio Gates  

(1728–1806)American general, born in England. He fought under General Braddock and Baron Amherst in the French and Indian wars but thereafter supported the American cause in the War of Independence. ...
decolonization

decolonization  

This term, while not one of art in international law, is frequently employed in U.N. practice to connote the process whereby territories evolve from colonial status to full sovereign statehood. ...
William Howe

William Howe  

(1729–1814).Younger brother of Richard Howe, William served in the army in Flanders 1747–8, and with distinction in Canada and Cuba 1759–62. Between 1758 and 1780 he was MP for Nottingham, where ...
Indo-European

Indo-European  

Of or relating to the family of languages spoken over the greater part of Europe and Asia as far as northern India.The Indo-European languages have a history of over 3,000 years. Their unattested, ...
J. B. S. Haldane

J. B. S. Haldane  

(1892–1964)British geneticist, biometrician, and philosopher who made valuable contributions to the physiology of respiration and chromosome mapping but above all to popularizing science and ...
Rabindranath Tagore

Rabindranath Tagore  

(1861–1941)Indian writer, who was awarded the 1913 Nobel Prize for Literature. In 1915 he was knighted but repudiated the honour in protest against the Amritsar Massacre (1919).Tagore was born into a ...
hymn

hymn  

A religious song or poem, typically of praise to God or a god. Recorded from Old English, the word comes via Latin from Greek humnos ‘ode or song in praise of a god or hero’, used in the Septuagint ...
Thomas Robert Malthus

Thomas Robert Malthus  

(1766–1834)English economist and clergyman. He was a pioneer of the science of political economy and is known for his theory, as expressed in Essay on Population (1798), that the rate of increase of ...
Thailand

Thailand  

Red- and yellow-shirted political demonstrations are shaking Thailand's democracyThailand's distinctive geographical shape extends over four main regions. In the far north are mountain ranges covered ...
Economy, Hellenistic and Roman Period

Economy, Hellenistic and Roman Period   Reference library

Arjan Zuiderhoek

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Archaeology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Archaeology, Religion
Length:
5,950 words

...levels exercised a growing demand for all types of (luxury) goods. Hellenistic Delos developed into a burgeoning international slave market to satisfy the labor demands of wealthy Roman landlords, as did Ephesus in the Roman imperial period. Exotic goods from as far afield as India and China—silk, spices (especially pepper), perfumes, cotton—reached the Mediterranean world via desert caravan routes (which turned sites like Petra and the oasis city of Palmyra into flourishing urban communities in the imperial period) and the Egyptian Red Sea ports. Within the...

Industry and Production, Hellenistic and Roman Period

Industry and Production, Hellenistic and Roman Period   Reference library

Philip Bes

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Archaeology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Archaeology, Religion
Length:
4,135 words

...may have declined after the early Roman period according to written sources. Asphalt was used by medicine makers, among others. Palestine is geographically well located concerning the manufacturing of medicine and perfume, given the requirements of ingredients from Arabia and India. Archaeologically, the perfume industry is a delicate subject, as the supposed installation at ʾ ein Feshka illustrates. This is also true for balsam, which was used in perfume making and for which, according to written sources, certain places were famed: the best came from...

Ramat Rahel

Ramat Rahel   Reference library

Oded Lipschits

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Archaeology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Archaeology, Religion
Length:
5,252 words

...the pollen of fruit trees and ornamentals, which had certainly been planted specifically for aesthetic and symbolic reasons. The most surprising fossil pollen find was the citron ( etrog in Hebrew, a word with a Persian precursor). This tree apparently arrived in the area from India via Persia and is the earliest botanical evidence of its presence in the southern Levant. Also, the Persian walnut originated in northern Iran, northeastern Turkey, and the Caucasus; and its Hebrew name, égôz , is also a word with a Persian precursor. Other imported trees...

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