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India

Subject: History

The world's largest democracy has a rich and diverse culture. Now, it is also achieving more rapid economic growth India's vast territory can be divided into three main regions ...

India

India (2010)   Reference library

Mahesh RANGARAJAN

Berkshire Encyclopedia of Sustainability

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Science and technology, Social sciences
Length:
3,574 words

... Activism, Judicial ; Agriculture (South and East Asia) ; Chennai, India ; Delhi, India ; Education, Environmental (India) ; Five-Year Plans ; Gandhism ; Ganges River ; The Himalaya ; Indigenous Peoples ; Mumbai, India ; Parks and Preserves ; Reforestation and Afforestation (Southeast Asia) ; Religions ; Traditional Knowledge (India) ; Water Use and Rights (India) ; White Revolution of India This article was adapted by the editors from Mahesh Rangarajan’s article “India” in Shepard Krech III, J. R. McNeill, and Carolyn Merchant (Eds.), ...

Delhi, India

Delhi, India (2010)   Reference library

Awadhendra BHUSHAN SHARAN

Berkshire Encyclopedia of Sustainability

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Science and technology, Social sciences
Length:
1,250 words

...Societies, Delhi See also Agriculture (South and East Asia) ; Automobiles and Personal Vehicles ; Chennai, India ; Climate Change Migration (India) ; Dhaka, Bangladesh ; Education, Environmental (India) ; Energy Industries—Renewables (India) ; Gandhism ; Ganges River ; India ; Microfinance ; Mumbai, India ; Public Health ; Utilities Regulation and Efficiency ; Water Use and Rights (India) ; White Revolution of India Further Readings Bharat, Lal Seth , & Suresh Baba, S. V. (2007). Sewage canal: How to clean the Yamuna . New Delhi:...

Mumbai, India

Mumbai, India (2012)   Reference library

Jan NIJMAN

Berkshire Encyclopedia of Sustainability

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Science and technology, Social sciences
Length:
2,465 words

... Mumbai, India 22 million est. pop. 2012 By a wide range of measures, Mumbai (formerly called Bombay in English) is the leading city in India. It is India’s largest city, with nearly 22 million people in the urban region; it boasts the largest airport; it houses the biggest stock exchange; it is home to the headquarters of the Reserve Bank of India, the State Bank of India, and the Western and Central Railway Zones; it has the largest share of bank credits of any city in India as well as the largest share of bank deposits and income tax revenues; and...

Chennai, India

Chennai, India (2011)   Reference library

Lawrence SURENDRA

Berkshire Encyclopedia of Sustainability

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Science and technology, Social sciences
Length:
2,880 words

...Chennai is sought to be enhanced. Lawrence SURENDRA University of Mysore See also Cities—Overview ; Delhi, India ; Dhaka, Bangladesh ; India ; Media Coverage of the Environment ; Mumbai, India ; Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) ; Nongovernmental Organizations (NGOs) ; Public Health ; Public Transportation ; Public-Private Partnerships ; Water Security ; Water Use and Rights (India) Further Reading Arabindoo, Pushpa . (2011). City of sand: Stately re-imagination of Marina Beach in Chennai. International...

India Pale Ale

India Pale Ale   Quick reference

The Diner’s Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

... Pale Ale A type of light-coloured beer similar to bitter , originally produced in Britain in the early nineteenth century for export to India and other British colonies (the term is first recorded in 1835 ). It had a higher alcohol and hop content than standard pale ale , to preserve it on its journey to the tropics. Latterly its abbreviated name, IPA, has been commonly applied by brewers to beer products that are effectively standard...

Education, Environmental (India)

Education, Environmental (India)   Reference library

Vivek BHANDARI and Rahul GHAI

Berkshire Encyclopedia of Sustainability

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Science and technology, Social sciences
Length:
2,718 words

...as well, as a result of India’s growing awareness of it during the previous decades. The adoption of neoliberal economic reforms by the Indian government in 1991 gave India’s environmental engagement with the world a further boost, a momentum that was sustained by a boom in communications technology and the growth of India’s mobile transnational workforce. All of these forces built on the intellectual foundations that had been laid during India’s movement for national independence, and provided the fertile ground in which India’s environmental education...

Traditional Knowledge (India)

Traditional Knowledge (India)   Reference library

Vaneesha JAIN

Berkshire Encyclopedia of Sustainability

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Science and technology, Social sciences
Length:
1,391 words

...from such use. India became a signatory to the Convention on Biological Diversity in 1992 , and enacted the Biological Diversity Act in 2002 in order to implement the obligations under the convention. Other Indian legislation, such as the Geographical Indication of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act ( 1999 ) and the Plant Variety Protection and Farmers Rights Act ( 2001 ), also contain provisions that protect traditional knowledge. One example of benefit sharing relates to the Kani tribe, living primarily in the Western Ghats of India. This tribe...

India and Environmental Change

India and Environmental Change   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Global Change

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

... and Environmental Change On a world map in which a country's size is proportional to its population, India looms large. If on that same map countries with higher rates of population growth are colored pink, and those with lower rates of growth are colored green, India becomes even more prominent than China, inviting Malthusian concerns over environmental pressures. Ten percent of the human race (half of India's population) lives in the Ganges valley, and the world's greatest concentration of human poverty is centered in the downstream states of Uttar...

White Revolution of India

White Revolution of India   Reference library

Amrita PATEL

Berkshire Encyclopedia of Sustainability

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Science and technology, Social sciences
Length:
1,390 words

...Development Board, India See also Activism, Judicial ; Agriculture (South Asia) ; Microfinance ; Nongovernmental Organizations (NGOs) ; Public-Private Partnerships ; Rural Development ; Rural Livelihoods Further Reading Banerjee, Animesh . (1994). Dairying systems in India. World Animal Review , 79 (2), 8–15. Candler, Wilfred , & Kumar, Nalini . (1998). India: The dairy revolution; The impact of dairy development in India and the contribution of the World Bank. Washington, DC: The World Bank. Government of India, Ministry of...

Climate Change Migration (India)

Climate Change Migration (India)   Reference library

Ingrid BOAS

Berkshire Encyclopedia of Sustainability

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Science and technology, Social sciences
Length:
2,837 words

...however, does not resonate with India’s policy makers. The simplest explanation for India’s negative stance in this debate is that it fears climate-change action will become the UN Security Council’s responsibility. A select number of powerful countries control the decision making in this scenario (see also Sindico 2007 ). Moreover, India perceives talk of mass climate migration as another of the West’s scare tactics to push India to commit itself to binding mitigation measures in the name of climate security. India argues that the West is historically...

Energy Industries—Renewables (India)

Energy Industries—Renewables (India)   Reference library

Badrinarayanan SEETHARAMAN and Sony PELLISSERY

Berkshire Encyclopedia of Sustainability

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Science and technology, Social sciences
Length:
2,648 words

...Nag, Avirup , & Maheshwari, Amit . (2012). The viewpoint: Is India’s solar policy framework “investment grade?” Retrieved April 5, 2012, from http://barandbench.com/brief/1/2105/the-viewpoint-is-indias-solar-policy-framework-investment-grade National Portal of India, Government of India. (2010). Document details for: National Action Plan for Climate Change (NAPCC): Documents. Retrieved April 16, 2012, from http://india.gov.in/innerwin20.php?id=15651 Press Information Bureau, Government of India. (2008). Integrated energy policy. Retrieved April 5, 2012,...

Climate Change Communication in India

Climate Change Communication in India   Reference library

Jagadish Thaker

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Climate Change Communication

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...into Jairam Ramesh’s statement at Cancun: PM. The Times of India . Retrieved from http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/Dont-read-too-much-into-Jairam-Rameshs-statement-at-Cancun-PM/articleshow/7079607.cms . Raghunandan, D. (2011). India’s official position: A critical view based on science. In N. Dubash (Ed.), Handbook of climate change and India: Development, politics, and governance (pp. 170–179). New Delhi: Oxford University Press. Rajan, M. G. (1997). Global environmental politics: India and the North-South politics of global environment issues ....

Water Use and Rights (India)

Water Use and Rights (India)   Reference library

Philippe CULLET

Berkshire Encyclopedia of Sustainability

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Science and technology, Social sciences
Length:
2,471 words

...century: National and international aspects of water law reforms in India . Abingdon, UK: Routledge. Gulati, Ashok ; Meinzen-Dick, Ruth ; & Raju, K. V. (2005). Institutional reforms in Indian irrigation . New Delhi: Sage Publications. International Environmental Law Research Centre. (IELRC). (n.d.). Water law documents: India documents. Retrieved February 26, 2012, from http://ielrc.org/water/docs.htm Iyer, Ramaswamy R. (Ed.). (2009). Water and the laws in India . New Delhi: Sage Publications. Joy, K. J. ; Gujja, Biksham ; Paranjape, Suhas...

Environmental Law—India and Pakistan

Environmental Law—India and Pakistan   Reference library

Armin ROSENCRANZ and Dominic J. Nardi Jr.

Berkshire Encyclopedia of Sustainability

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Science and technology, Social sciences
Length:
2,904 words

... Environmental Law—India and Pakistan India and Pakistan are the second and sixth most populous nations in the world, respectively. India alone has 1.15 billion people. The two were ruled jointly under the British before the Partition of 1947 divided them into India and East and West Pakistan; East Pakistan split off in 1971 to become Bangladesh. India and Pakistan have fought several wars, particularly over the borders of Kashmir. Both now possess nuclear weapons. Seasonal monsoons and large rivers flowing out of the Himalayas dominate the...

India and Environmental Change

India and Environmental Change  

On a world map in which a country's size is proportional to its population, India looms large. If on that same map countries with higher rates of population growth are ...
pale ale

pale ale   Quick reference

The Diner’s Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...ale See ale , india pale ale...

galgal

galgal   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Food and Nutrition (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014

...The fruit of Citrus pseudolimon , cultivated in India for manufacture of...

Partition

Partition   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Geography (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...When the British left India in 1947 , they partitioned the country, creating the separate countries of India and Pakistan to accommodate religious differences between Muslims and Hindus. Pakistan has a majority Muslim population and India is primarily Hindu. See M. Hasan (1994) for a collection of essays, extracts, memoirs, and a short story to create an outline of the events preceding and surrounding India’s Partition. http://postcolonialstudies.emory.edu/partition-of-india/#ixzz2r27reITR Partition in postcolonial...

bitter gourd

bitter gourd   Quick reference

The Diner’s Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...gourd A plant of the gourd family whose fruit resembles a hysterically knobbly cucumber. It is widely used in India (where it probably originated) and Southeast Asia as a vegetable. It is also called bitter cucumber, bitter melon, and, in India, karela...

Patna rice

Patna rice   Quick reference

The Diner’s Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...rice A type of long-grain rice , originating in the rice-growing region surrounding Patna, capital city of Bihar state in northeast India...

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