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Overview

India

Subject: History

The world's largest democracy has a rich and diverse culture. Now, it is also achieving more rapid economic growth India's vast territory can be divided into three main regions ...

Island of Palmas Case

Island of Palmas Case   Reference library

Encyclopaedic Dictionary of International Law (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, International Law
Length:
581 words

...ostensibly within the terms of the cession by Spain to the United States effected by art. III of the Treaty of Paris of 10 December 1898 ( 187 C.T.S. 100 ) terminating the Spanish-American War, but claimed by the Netherlands as having come under the suzerainty of the Dutch East India Company as early as 1677 , if not 1648 , and as having remained under Netherlands sovereignty ever since. By his award, celebrated for its lucidity, M. Max Huber held in favour of the Netherlands. The decision begins by pointing out that, when territorial sovereignty is...

Bhopal Case

Bhopal Case  

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Overview Page
On 3 December 1984, a tank of methyl isocyanate (MIC) leaked at a plant in Bhopal, India, that was owned and operated by Union Carbide India Limited (UCIL), as a ...
Rann of Kutch Case

Rann of Kutch Case  

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Overview Page
(India v. Pakistan) ( 1968 ) 17 R.I.A.A. 553. The Rann of Kutch was an extensive area on the boundaries of India and Pakistan, incapable of sustaining a permanent population. ...
Right of Passage Case

Right of Passage Case  

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Overview Page
(Portugal v. India) 1957 I.C.J. Rep. 125, 1960 I.C.J. Rep. 6. The Portuguese district of Daman, in India, comprised Daman itself (on the coast) and two inland enclaves of Dadra ...
London Naval Construction Treaties

London Naval Construction Treaties  

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Overview Page
The Treaties referred to in this way are the International Treaty for the Reduction and Limitation of Naval Armament of 22 April 1930 between Australia, Canada, India, Japan, New Zealand ...
UNIPOM

UNIPOM  

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Overview Page
The United Nations India–Pakistan Observation Mission was established by Security Council Res. 211 (1965) of September 1965, and was in existence from September 1965 to March 1966. UNIPOM was ...
UNMOGIP

UNMOGIP  

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Overview Page
The United Nations Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan was established by Security Council Res. 47 (1948) of 21 April 1948 to monitor the ceasefire between the two nations ...
Savarkar Case

Savarkar Case  

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Overview Page
(France v. United Kingdom) ( 1911 ) 11 R.I.A.A. 243. Vinayak Damodar Savarkar, a leading Hindu political activist, was being transported on a British merchant vessel from England to India ...
Appeal Relating to the Jurisdiction of ICAO Council Case

Appeal Relating to the Jurisdiction of ICAO Council Case  

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Overview Page
(India v. Pakistan) 1972 I.C.J. Rep. 46. The proceedings in this case were instituted by an application in reliance upon art. 84 of the Chicago Convention on International Civil Aviation ...
Case Concerning Trial of Pakistani Prisoners of War

Case Concerning Trial of Pakistani Prisoners of War  

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Overview Page
(Pakistan v. India) 1973 I.C.J. Rep. 328. In 1971, a rebellion in East Bengal, then part of Pakistan, was suppressed by Pakistan armed forces. Shortly afterwards, hostilities broke out between ...
non-alignment

non-alignment  

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Overview Page
The anti‐colonial and anti‐racist posture of mainly Third World countries who have sought a collective identity separate from the capitalist and socialist blocs in the northern hemisphere. The ...
UNIPOM

UNIPOM   Reference library

Encyclopaedic Dictionary of International Law (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, International Law
Length:
46 words

...The United Nations India–Pakistan Observation Mission was established by Security Council Res. 211 ( 1965 ) of September 1965 , and was in existence from September 1965 to March 1966 . UNIPOM was mandated to oversee the ceasefire along the India–Pakistan border and to monitor troop...

Aliter et aliunde

Aliter et aliunde adv.   Quick reference

Guide to Latin in International Law

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Law, International Law
Length:
87 words

... adv. “Otherwise and from elsewhere.” In some other manner and with reference to (or in reliance on) some other source of authority. E.g. , “Parties are in disagreement…as to whether India’s action in relation to Pakistan overflights was such as not to involve the Treaties, but to be justifiable aliter et aliunde .…” Aerial Incident of 10 August 1999 (Pak. v. India), 2000 I.C.J. Rep. 12, 88 ( 2000 ). An alternative formulation is Aliunde vel aliter . See also Aliter and Aliunde...

Rann of Kutch Case

Rann of Kutch Case   Reference library

Encyclopaedic Dictionary of International Law (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, International Law
Length:
367 words

...of Kutch Case (India v. Pakistan) ( 1968 ) 17 R.I.A.A. 553 . The Rann of Kutch was an extensive area on the boundaries of India and Pakistan, incapable of sustaining a permanent population. India and Pakistan disagreed where the boundary ran. Pakistan claimed that the northern part of the Rann had been part of the Province of Sind, which had become part of Pakistan in 1947 and to whose rights, as well as to the rights of Great Britain as the territorial sovereign of Sind, Pakistan had succeeded; India asserted that the whole of the Rann had been...

Right of Passage Case

Right of Passage Case   Reference library

Encyclopaedic Dictionary of International Law (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, International Law
Length:
597 words

...of Passage Case (Portugal v. India) 1957 I.C.J. Rep. 125, 1960 I.C.J. Rep. 6 . The Portuguese district of Daman, in India, comprised Daman itself (on the coast) and two inland enclaves of Dadra and Nagar-Aveli. In July and August 1954 , Portuguese authority in the two inland enclaves was overthrown; India imposed restrictions upon Portuguese passage to those enclaves, the lawfulness of which Portugal disputed. India having already accepted the compulsory jurisdiction of the I.C.J. by a declaration under art. 36(2) of the Court's Statute, Portugal made...

Bhopal Case

Bhopal Case   Reference library

Encyclopaedic Dictionary of International Law (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, International Law
Length:
184 words

...in Bhopal, India, that was owned and operated by Union Carbide India Limited ( UCIL ), as a result of which approximately 3,800 persons died and 2,700 were disabled. The victims of the spill brought suit in the United States and, on 14 January 1987 , the U.S. Second Circuit Court of Appeals upheld a U.S. District Court decision to send the legal case against Union Carbide to India and reaffirmed that UCIL was a separate and independent legal entity that was managed and staffed by Indian citizens. In February 1989 , the Supreme Court of India directed the...

Grotian Society

Grotian Society   Reference library

Encyclopaedic Dictionary of International Law (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, International Law
Length:
64 words

...Society Named after Grotius , this is a society for the study of the history of international law from a ‘Grotian’ perspective, equally emphasizing a positivist and naturalist outlook, founded in the United Kingdom in 1960 and with branches in India and Australia. The Society has published two volumes of Grotian Society Papers , subtitled ‘Studies in the Law of Nations’, in 1968 and 1972...

Non volumus

Non volumus v. Neo.   Quick reference

Guide to Latin in International Law

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Law, International Law
Length:
107 words

...that the speaker or authority declines voluntarily to engage in some behavior. E.g. , “The direct consequence of the doctrine which India advances before us is to confer on member States the possibility of freeing themselves at will from their obligations as members of the Organization vis-à-vis another member State. It affords a convenient cover for a non volumus .” Jurisdiction of the ICAO Council (India v. Pak.), 1972 I.C.J. Rep. 46, 133 (separate opinion of Judge De Castro). Contrast with Non possumus . The phrase is a relative neologism;...

UNMOGIP

UNMOGIP   Reference library

Encyclopaedic Dictionary of International Law (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, International Law
Length:
106 words

...The United Nations Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan was established by Security Council Res. 47 ( 1948 ) of 21 April 1948 to monitor the ceasefire between the two nations in the states of Jammu and Kashmir. With the renewal of hostilities in the region in 1971 , UNMOGIP has monitored the ceasefire called for by the U.N. Secretary-General by virtue of Res. 307 ( 1971 ) of 21 December 1971 . There has been disagreement between India and Pakistan as to whether the mandate of UNMOGIP has lapsed, the Secretary-General maintaining that UNMOGIP...

Pakistani Prisoners of War, Case Concerning Trial of

Pakistani Prisoners of War, Case Concerning Trial of   Reference library

Encyclopaedic Dictionary of International Law (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, International Law
Length:
260 words

...Prisoners of War, Case Concerning Trial of (Pakistan v. India) 1973 I.C.J. Rep. 328 . In 1971 , a rebellion in East Bengal, then part of Pakistan, was suppressed by Pakistan armed forces. Shortly afterwards, hostilities broke out between India and Pakistan, and Indian forces took control of East Bengal (which later declared itself independent as the State of Bangladesh). During the fighting, Indian forces took a number of Pakistani prisoners of war. In May 1973 , Pakistan, believing that India was proposing to transfer some of these prisoners of war to...

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