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India

Subject: History

The world's largest democracy has a rich and diverse culture. Now, it is also achieving more rapid economic growth India's vast territory can be divided into three main regions ...

Public Interest Litigation In India

Public Interest Litigation In India  

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Overview Page
Access to justice has been an intrinsic problem in India, a state of more than a billion people. This has necessitated procedural innovations in a democratic and plurality-conscious legal system ...
Fundamental Duties

Fundamental Duties  

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Overview Page
In India, the performance of one’s duties always has been recognized as important. It is a fallacy to think that before 1976 there were only rights and no duties under ...
Naga Law

Naga Law  

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Overview Page
Located in northeastern India, the Naga Hills are a mountainous jungle area in the Indian state of Assam, close to the states of Tripura, Manipur, Mizoram, and Meghalaya, all largely ...
Parsi Law

Parsi Law  

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A small, well-knit community originating in Iran, with an important presence in India, Parsis (also called Zoroastrians) are today a global community. Although numerically insignificant, this ...
Rājaśāsana

Rājaśāsana  

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Literally, this Sanskrit term refers to the decree (śāsana) of a ruler (rājā) in India but should not immediately be identified with the legislative act of a sovereign in the ...
Jaina Law

Jaina Law  

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The nineteenth-century neologism “Jaina law” is a product of colonial legal intervention in India, suggesting uniformity where there is an immense number of scriptures, ethical codes, and customs. ...
Fundamental Rights

Fundamental Rights  

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Overview Page
Part III of the Constitution of India (1950) covers a range of Fundamental Rights (Articles 12–35), so that human liberty may be preserved, human personality developed, and an effective social ...
apportionment

apportionment  

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Allocation of seats to regional units, or to parties under systems of proportional representation.Territorial apportionment is usually a process of adjusting the seats allocated to each unit to ...
Pluralism

Pluralism   Reference library

Andrew S. McFarland

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Political and Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Law, History of Law
Length:
1,460 words

...science during the 1960 s for the study of American politics (Dahl, 1961 ). However, no one intends to supplant the ordinary language use of pluralism as referring to ethnic, religious, or other forms of diversity within some jurisdiction as one might refer to “pluralism in India .” Dahl’s Who Governs ? was a study of political power in the city of New Haven . This work was sparked by C. Wright Mills ’ The Power Elite , which described political power in America as primarily located in the hands of several hundred persons at the top of major...

Executive Power

Executive Power   Reference library

Benjamin Kleinerman

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Political and Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Law, History of Law
Length:
2,055 words

...Law and Judgment inside the Bush Administration . New York: W. W. Norton, 2007. Hamilton, Alexander, James Madison, and John Jay. The Federalist Papers . New York: New American Library, 1961. Hamilton, Alexander, and James Madison. The Pacificus–Helvidius Debates of 1793–1794 . India-napolis, Ind.: Liberty Fund, 2007. Kleinerman, Benjamin. The Discretionary President: The Promise and Peril of Executive Power . Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 2009. Locke, John. The Second Treatise of Government . Mineola, N.Y.: Dover Publications, 2002. Neustadt,...

Nixon, Richard M.

Nixon, Richard M.   Reference library

Joan Hoff

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Political and Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Law, History of Law
Length:
1,811 words

...the Nixon–Kissinger foreign policy involved geopolitical considerations largely unrelated to economic realities or the interests of the peoples involved. Among other instances, these priorities emerged in the United States ’ tilt toward Pakistan in its 1971 war with India and in the clandestine use of U.S. power to overthrow the democratically elected leftist government of Salvador Allende in Chile . In the Middle East, Kissinger’s shuttle diplomacy produced more show than substance. Over-all, Nixon ’s foreign policy record was mixed at best,...

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