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India

Subject: History

The world's largest democracy has a rich and diverse culture. Now, it is also achieving more rapid economic growth India's vast territory can be divided into three main regions ...

India (republic)

India (republic): c. 1500 BCE - 2008  

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Current Version:
2012

...century BCE Religion Asia South Asia India (the subcontinent) c. 380 380 Kalidasa, the most distinguished of India's authors in classical Sanskrit, is at the Gupta court in Patna Kalidasa The Oxford Companion to Theatre and Performance 1 4th century Literature Drama Poetry Asia South Asia India (the subcontinent) c. 600 600 The walls of caves at Ajanta are profusely decorated with Buddhist murals Ajanta, India The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology 2 6th century 7th century Arts Painting Religion Asia South Asia India (the subcontinent) c. 900 900 A Tamil...

India (the subcontinent)

India (the subcontinent): c. 2500 BCE - 2009  

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...and royalty Asia South Asia India (republic) c. 900 900 Zoroastrians migrate from Muslim Persia to India, where they become known as Parsees Parsis A Dictionary of Hinduism 1 9th century 10th century Religion Asia Central Asia Iran (Persia) South Asia c. 1000 1000 Buddhist, Hindu and Jain shrines are carved from the rock in the cave temples of Ellora, in India Ellorā A Dictionary of Buddhism 1 10th century 11th century Arts Sculpture Religion Asia South Asia India (republic) c. 1000 1000 Turks from Ghazni, raiding into northwest India, renew the pressure of...

South Asia

South Asia: c. 2500 BCE - 2011  

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...Asia India (the subcontinent) India (republic) c. 1500 BCE 1500 BCE Sacrificial hymns of the Aryans, gathered in the Rigveda , become the earliest Sanskrit literature Veda The Oxford Dictionary of Philosophy 2 rev 3100-1000 BCE Literature Poetry Religion Asia India (the subcontinent) India (republic) c. 600 BCE 600 BCE Hindu hermits live in groups described as ashramas āśrama A Dictionary of Hinduism 1 1000-600 BCE 6th century BCE Religion Asia India (the subcontinent) India (republic) c. 550 BCE 550 BCE The Sinhalese, after moving south through India,...

Pakistan

Pakistan: c. 2500 BCE - 2011  

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2012

...1415 Asia South Asia India (the subcontinent) Europe Empires 1947 1947 Violent sectarian division in Kashmir results in war between India and Pakistan in support of the rival sides Kashmir World Encyclopedia 1 1940s 20th century War Asia South Asia India (the subcontinent) India (republic) 1949 1949 The first Indo-Pakistani war ends with a Kashmir demarcation line approved by the UN but acceptable to neither state Kashmir A Dictionary of Contemporary World History 3 1940s 20th century War Asia South Asia India (the subcontinent) India (republic) 1958 1958...

Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka: c. 550 BCE - 2009  

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...550 BCE 550 BCE The Sinhalese, after moving south through India, cross into Sri Lanka Taprobane The Oxford Classical Dictionary 3 rev 6th century BCE Migration Asia South Asia India (the subcontinent) Society c. 250 BCE 250 BCE Buddhism reaches Sri Lanka as a result of the missionary efforts of the Indian ruler, Asoka Aśoka The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions 1 rev 3rd century BCE Religion Asia South Asia India (the subcontinent) c. 100 100 Theravada Buddhism, strong in south India and Sri Lanka, travels with traders through southeast Asia...

Asia

Asia: c. 500,000 years ago - 2011  

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...BCE Religion South Asia India (the subcontinent) India (republic) c. 424 BCE 424 BCE Gautama Buddha preaches his first sermon, at Sarnath, setting out the Four Noble Truths and the Eightfold Path Buddhism World Encyclopedia 1 5th century BCE Religion South Asia India (the subcontinent) India (republic) c. 424 BCE 424 BCE Gautama, after a night of meditation under a pipal tree at Buddh Gaya, is 'enlightened' and becomes the Buddha bodhi A Dictionary of Buddhism 1 5th century BCE Religion South Asia India (the subcontinent) India (republic) c. 420 BCE 420...

Afghanistan

Afghanistan: 327 BCE - 2008  

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...in the modern region of Afghanistan Alexander the Great (356–323 bc ) The Concise Oxford Companion to English Literature 3 4th century BCE c. 120 120 Kanishka rules the Kushan empire of Afghanistan and northern India from his capital at Peshawar Kuṣāṇa A Dictionary of Buddhism 1 2nd century Politics Dynasties and royalty Asia Central Asia South Asia India (the subcontinent) 999 999 Mahmud, a Turk, builds an empire based on Ghazni (in modern Afghanistan) Ghazni (Afghanistan) The Concise Dictionary of World Place-Names 2 10th century Politics Asia Central Asia...

Central Asia

Central Asia: c. 3800 BCE - 2010  

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2012

...from there to India and China Nestorian A Dictionary of World History 2 8th century 9th century Religion Asia Iran (Persia) c. 866 866 The eastern part of the Persian empire comes under the control of the Saffarid dynasty Saffarid dynasty (861–1003) The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages 1 9th century Politics Dynasties and royalty Asia Iran (Persia) c. 900 900 Zoroastrians migrate from Muslim Persia to India, where they become known as Parsees Parsis A Dictionary of Hinduism 1 9th century 10th century Religion Asia Iran (Persia) South Asia India (the...

Netherlands

Netherlands: c. 20 BCE - 2006  

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2012

...son publishes a bound collection of his maps with the title Atlas, or Cosmographic Meditations Mercator, Gerardus (1512–94) World Encyclopedia 1 16th century Printing Prints Technology Europe Belgium 1602 1602 The Dutch East India Company is founded, with a tax-free monopoly of the eastern trade for twenty-one years Dutch East India Company Oxford Dictionary of English 3 17th century Commerce and industry Dutch empire Europe Society Empires 1608 1608 A lucky accident reveals the principle of the telescope to a spectacle maker, Hans Lippershey. In the Dutch...

Turks

Turks: c. 700 - 1922  

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...of the Middle Ages 1 11th century Politics Dynasties and royalty Asia West Asia Turkey 1211 1211 The leader of a Turkish army establishes an independent sultanate in Delhi, beginning many centuries of Muslim rule in north India sultanate A Dictionary of World History 2 13th century Politics Asia South Asia India (the subcontinent) India (republic) c. 1285 1285 Osman inherits the leadership of the tribal group later known by a version of his name, as the Ottoman Turks Ottoman empire A Dictionary of World History 2 Byzantine empire 13th century Politics...

Southeast Asia

Southeast Asia: c. 60,000 years ago - 2010  

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...207 BCE 207 BCE A delegate from imperial China establishes the kingdom of Nam-Viet with himself as king Dong Son Culture The Oxford Companion to Archaeology 1 3rd century BCE Politics Dynasties and royalty Asia East Asia Vietnam c. 100 100 Theravada Buddhism, strong in south India and Sri Lanka, travels with traders through southeast Asia Theravada Buddhism The Oxford Companion to World Mythology 1 1st century CE 2nd century Religion Commerce and industry Asia East Asia South Asia Sri Lanka Society c. 1150 1150 The city of Angkor and the great temple of...

Iran (Persia)

Iran (Persia): c. 3800 BCE - 2005  

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2012

...from there to India and China Nestorian A Dictionary of World History 2 8th century 9th century Religion Asia Central Asia c. 866 866 The eastern part of the Persian empire comes under the control of the Saffarid dynasty Saffarid dynasty (861–1003) The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages 1 9th century Politics Dynasties and royalty Asia Central Asia c. 900 900 Zoroastrians migrate from Muslim Persia to India, where they become known as Parsees Parsis A Dictionary of Hinduism 1 9th century 10th century Religion Asia Central Asia South Asia India (the...

East Asia

East Asia: c. 500,000 years ago - 2011  

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2012

...of Contemporary World History 3 1950s 20th century Politics Commerce and industry Asia China Society 1959 1959 The Dalai Lama escapes from Tibet to India after the Chinese suppression of an armed uprising costing thousands of lives Dalai Lama (1935– ) Who's Who in the Twentieth Century 1 1950s 20th century Politics Protest and rebellion Religion Asia China South Asia India (the subcontinent) India (republic) 1959 1959 Liu Shaoqi replaces Mao Zedong as China's president after the Great Leap Forward fiasco, but Mao remains Chairman Liu Shaoqi (b. 24 Nov....

China

China: c. 500,000 years ago - 2008  

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...India after the Chinese suppression of an armed uprising costing thousands of lives Dalai Lama (1935– ) Who's Who in the Twentieth Century 1 1950s 20th century Politics Protest and rebellion Religion Asia East Asia South Asia India (the subcontinent) India (republic) 1959 1959 Liu Shaoqi replaces Mao Zedong as China's president after the Great Leap Forward fiasco, but Mao remains Chairman Liu Shaoqi (b. 24 Nov. 1898) A Dictionary of Contemporary World History 3 1950s 20th century Politics Asia East Asia 1962 1962 China prevails in a five-week war with India...

Europe

Europe: c. 800,000 years ago - 2011  

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2012

...from 1415 Mughal empire Muslim empires Asia South Asia India (the subcontinent) Empires 1858 1858 The India Act places India under the direct control of the British government, ending the rule of the East India Company India Acts A Dictionary of World History 2 19th century Victorian era Britain 1750-1900 Politics Conquest and colonization Great Britain - from 1707 United Kingdom - from 1801 British Isles British empire European empires from 1415 Mughal empire Muslim empires Asia South Asia India (the subcontinent) Empires Britain 1858 1858 Charles Darwin...

Iraq

Iraq: c. 12,000 years ago - 2006  

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2012

...the Tigris Tigris World Encyclopedia 1 8th century Caliphs Politics Dynasties and royalty Muslim empires Mesopotamia Asia West Asia Empires c. 800 800 The use of zero, essential in practical mathematics, is now familiar in India and is adopted in Baghdad mathematics World Encyclopedia 1 8th century 9th century Science Mesopotamia Asia India (the subcontinent) West Asia c. 800 800 Scholars in Baghdad begin translating Greek and Syriac texts into Arabic Syriac The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church 2 rev 8th century 9th century Mesopotamia Asia...

Mesopotamia

Mesopotamia: c. 12,000 years ago - 2006  

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2012

...city on the Tigris Tigris World Encyclopedia 1 8th century Caliphs Politics Dynasties and royalty Muslim empires Asia West Asia Iraq Empires c. 800 800 The use of zero, essential in practical mathematics, is now familiar in India and is adopted in Baghdad mathematics World Encyclopedia 1 8th century 9th century Science Asia India (the subcontinent) West Asia Iraq c. 800 800 Scholars in Baghdad begin translating Greek and Syriac texts into Arabic Syriac The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church 2 rev 8th century 9th century Asia West Asia Iraq...

South Africa (republic)

South Africa (republic): c. 600 BCE - 2008  

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2012

...Dictionary of World History 2 17th century Politics Conquest and colonization Dutch empire European empires from 1415 European empires in Africa Africa South Africa Europe Empires 1657 1657 The Dutch in South Africa purchase slaves to do domestic and agricultural work Dutch East India Company Oxford Dictionary of English 3 17th century Politics Conquest and colonization Slavery Dutch empire European empires from 1415 European empires in Africa Africa South Africa Europe Society Empires c. 1775 1775 Dutch nomads, pressing far north from Cape Town, become known...

Greece

Greece: c. 3500 BCE - 2011  

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2012

...new step, leaving Persian territory and moving through the mountain passes into India Alexander III (“The Great”) The Oxford Guide to People and Places of the Bible 1 4th century BCE Politics Conquest and colonization Asia South Asia India (the subcontinent) Pakistan 325 BCE 325 BCE In the Indian monsoon Alexander's Greek troops have finally had enough and threaten to mutiny unless he turns for home Alexander the Great (356–323 bc ) World Encyclopedia 1 4th century BCE War India (the subcontinent) 324 BCE 324 BCE Back in Persia, to emphasize that Greece and...

Africa

Africa: c. 15 million years ago - 2011  

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2012

...Nile 1900s 20th century Technology Engineering North Africa Egypt 1903 1903 Edward VII, the first British monarch to travel to India, holds a great coronation durbar in Delhi Edward VII (1841–1910) World Encyclopedia 1 Edwardian era 1900s 20th century Politics Conquest and colonization War British empire European empires from 1415 European empires in Africa British monarchs - from 1066 Asia South Asia India (the subcontinent) India (republic) Europe Empires Rulers and politicians 1903 1903 Roger Casement, British consul in the Congo Free State, discovers...

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