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India

Subject: History

The world's largest democracy has a rich and diverse culture. Now, it is also achieving more rapid economic growth India's vast territory can be divided into three main regions ...

India

India   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase & Fable (19 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

... The country is so named from its main river, the Indus, itself from Sanskrit sindhu , ‘river’. Related words are ‘Hindu’ (the religion and its adherents) and ‘Hindi’ (the language and its speakers). Hindustan is the stan or ‘country’ of the Hindus. See also hinduism . India paper A creamy coloured printing paper, originally made in China and Japan from vegetable fibre, and used for taking off the finest proofs of engraved plates. The India paper (or Oxford India paper) used for printing Bibles and high-class ‘thin paper’ and ‘pocket’ editions is a...

India

India   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Language reference, History of English
Length:
70 words

... In OE. India , Indea , but the present use dates from XVI (prob. immed. after Sp. or Pg.). — L. — Gr. India , f. Indós the river Indus — Pers. hind (cf. HINDU ). Hence Indian adj. and sb. XV; pert. to America and the West Indies XVII ( Indian rubber XVIII, the earlier form for India rubber XIX). Indies orig. India with the adjacent islands. XVI. pl. of † Indie , Indy (XVI–XVII) — L. India...

india

india n.   Reference library

Green's Dictionary of Slang

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
21 words

... n. [Sp. india , a peasant woman] ( camp gay ) a plain man, with homely, peasant features. 1972 B. Rodgers Queens' Vernacular...

India

India   Quick reference

New Oxford Rhyming Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
111 words

... • Gambia , Zambia • Arabia , labia, Swabia • Libya , Namibia, tibia • euphorbia • agoraphobia , claustrophobia, homophobia, hydrophobia, phobia, technophobia, xenophobia, Zenobia • Nubia • rootbeer • cumbia • Colombia , Columbia • exurbia , Serbia, suburbia • Wiltshire • Flintshire • gaillardia , Nadia, tachycardia • steadier • compendia • Acadia , Arcadia, nadir, stadia • reindeer • acedia , encyclopedia, media, multimedia • Lydia , Numidia • India • belvedere • Claudia • Cambodia , odea, plasmodia, podia, roe-deer • Mafia ,...

India wipe

India wipe n.   Reference library

Green's Dictionary of Slang

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
70 words

... wipe n. ( also India man ) a handkerchief made of Indian (Asian) cotton. 1796 Grose Classical Dict. of the Vulgar Tongue (3rd edn). c. 1800 ‘Tom the Drover’ No. 30 Papers of Francis Place ( 1819 ) n.p.: She pads the hoof up and down, and with a beaver castor she goes, / With an India man about her squeeze. 1811 Lex. Balatronicum . 1823 Egan Grose's Classical Dict. of the Vulgar Tongue...

Little India

Little India n.   Reference library

Green's Dictionary of Slang

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
63 words

...India n. [c.1940s a largely residential area in which many who had retired from colonial posts in India lived; followed by later immigrants] Bayswater, West London. 2002 (ref. 1950s) L. Pizzichini Dead Men's Wages ( 2003 ) 133: There was a reason for my grandfather's new black shirt. ‘Little India’ was already home to an intriguing mix of Russian-Polish Jews, Cypriots and...

East India docks

East India docks n.   Reference library

Green's Dictionary of Slang

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
12 words

...India docks n. [rhy. sl.] socks. 1998 R. Puxley Fresh Rabbit...

Passage to India, A

Passage to India, A   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Modern Phrase & Fable (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011

...to India, A . A novel ( 1924 ) by E.M. Forster ( 1879–1970 ) whose three parts represent respectively the Muslim, Western and Hindu approaches to truth, rationality and spirituality. Forster visited India in 1912–13 , when he saw the Barabar Hills, which became in his novel the Marabar Caves, where the fateful encounter takes place that is at the heart of the book. He returned to India for six months in 1921 , to act as secretary to the Maharaja of Dewas, after which he went back to writing the novel, which he had begun in 1913 . The title comes from...

Hobson-Jobsonism

Hobson-Jobsonism   Reference library

Garner’s Modern English Usage (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Language reference, Usage and Grammar Guides
Length:
266 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...close as the available phonemes made it possible to come. Frustrated, the music critic ended up declaring his efforts unsuccessful. Cf. pronunciation (d) . The term got its name from Hobson-Jobson , an 1866 glossary of South Asian terms collected during the British rule of India, each term having been roughly transcribed into approximate English pronunciations. The book was written by Henry Yule and A.C. Burnellin and updated in 1903 . The title comes from an entry in the glossary denoting a ritual Muslim procession called Ya Hasan , Ya Husain ....

Nawab

Nawab   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase & Fable (19 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...(Hindi, from Arabic, plural of na’īb , ‘viceroy’) The title of a distinguished Muslim in Pakistan, and formerly also of a governor or nobleman in India (e.g. the Nawab of Pataudi). See also nabob...

Nizam

Nizam   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase & Fable (19 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...(Arabic, ‘order’) The title of sovereignty of the ruler of the state of Hyderabad, India, from 1724 to 1948 . The word is a contraction of Arabic Nizam-al-mulk , literally ‘governor of the...

Nehru jacket

Nehru jacket   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase & Fable (19 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...jacket A type of jacket without lapels that buttons down the front, popular in the 1960s. It was based on the jackets favoured by Jawaharlal Nehru ( 1889–1964 ), the first prime minister of independent India, and was promoted in modified form by the French couturier Pierre Cardin...

Literary place-names

Literary place-names   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase & Fable (19 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

... Laugharne, Carmarthenshire and/or New Quay, Ceredigion, Wales ( Dylan Thomas ) Lower Binfield: Henley, Oxfordshire ( George Orwell ) Lowton: Kirkby Lonsdale, Cumbria ( Charlotte Brontë ) Lymport: Portsmouth, Hampshire ( George Meredith ) Marabar Caves: Barabar Caves, India ( E.M. Forster ) Middlemarch: Coventry, West Midlands ( George Eliot ) Milton: Manchester, Greater Manchester ( Elizabeth Gaskell ) Minton: Moorgreen, Nottinghamshire ( D.H. Lawrence ) Monkshaven: Whitby, North Yorkshire ( Elizabeth Gaskell ) Moonfleet: Fleet, Dorset ( J....

North

North   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase & Fable (19 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...rest of the UK. Wales is also sometimes seen as having a North–South Divide, between the poorer North and the more urbanized and prosperous South, which contains cities such as Cardiff, Swansea and Newport. Northwest Frontier, The In particular, the northwest frontier of British India and the province of that name, now part of pakistan . Because of the warlike nature of the local tribesmen and the Russian advance into central Asia, it gained a special importance from the later 19th century, and was a constant drain on men and money. Northwest Passage, The The...

chintz

chintz   Reference library

Garner’s Modern English Usage (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016

...; ✳chints . Chintz is the preferred spelling for fabric originally imported to Great Britain from India, featuring large patterns of flowers or birds. The original spelling, ✳chints , is now obsolete. Current ratio:...

sari

sari   Reference library

Garner’s Modern English Usage (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016

...; ✳saree . Meaning “a long piece of cloth wrapped around one's body like a dress (esp. common in India),” the word is most commonly spelled sari throughout World English, though ✳saree is also sometimes found. Current ratio:...

Hindi

Hindi   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to the English Language (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...Hindi . An Indo-Aryan language, spoken by over 250m people in India and by Indians in Britain, Canada, fiji ; guyana , South Africa, surinam ; trinidad and tobago , the US, and elsewhere. Hindi is the official language of the Union of India, with English as associate official language, and one of India’s 22 scheduled languages according to the Indian Constitution. It is written in a modified form of the Devanagari script, and its literary tradition dates from medieval times. Hindi proper has three stylistic varieties: a Sanskritized variety used in...

Anglo-Indian

Anglo-Indian   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to the English Language (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...Anglo-Indian . 1. Now rare: relating to England or Britain, and India: Anglo-Indian ties . 2. Of English or British people and their activities in India during the Raj: Anglo-Indian words and phrases . 3. Of the community of Eurasians in India descended from European fathers and Indian mothers. The mother tongue of the Anglo-Indian community is English. In present-day India, an Anglo-Indian school is an English-medium private school associated with the community and a Christian denomination, but open to students of all backgrounds. Anglo-Indian...

Indianism

Indianism   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to the English Language (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...Indianism . An especially linguistic usage or custom peculiar to or common in India and IndE: isn’t it? as a generalized question tag ( You are liking it here, isn’t it? ); repeating a word for emphasis ( It was a small small box ; Put put ; Take take ). See -ism . ...

Urdu

Urdu   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to the English Language (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...and grammar but a more heavily Persianized and Arabicized vocabulary. It is the national language of Pakistan and is its co-official language with English. In India, it is the state language of the state of Jammu and Kashmir, and associate state language of the state of Uttar Pradesh. It is spoken as a first language by c. 65m ( 2007 ) and as a second language by c. 100m people in India and Pakistan, and some thousands of people of Indo-Pakistani origin in Fiji, Guyana, South Africa, the UK, and the US. See bangladesh ; hindi ; hindi-urdu ; ...

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