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Overview

India

Subject: History

The world's largest democracy has a rich and diverse culture. Now, it is also achieving more rapid economic growth India's vast territory can be divided into three main regions ...

Shashti

Shashti   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to World Mythology

...Shashti is a goddess devoted to childbirth in Hindu India...

Agastya

Agastya   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Asian Mythology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

...Agastya ( Agasti ) was the great ascetic sage of Hindu mythology who defeated and controlled the monstrous Rāksaṣas of southern India...

Aranyakas

Aranyakas   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to World Mythology

...Aranyakas are Vedic texts in Hindu India meant to comment on the earlier sacred texts, the Brahmanas...

Shalakapurusha

Shalakapurusha   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to World Mythology

...In the Jain mythology of India, the Shalakapurushas are saviors, heroes , and emperors in the universe's alternate periods of ascent and...

Surabhi

Surabhi   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to World Mythology

...In India , Surabhi was the sacred cow ( Kamadhenu ) of prosperity who emerged from the creative churning of the...

Manasā Devī

Manasā Devī   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Asian Mythology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

...Devī Manasā is a popular snake and childbirth goddess of the Bengali section of India ( see Manasa-Mangals , Devi...

Āraṇyakas

Āraṇyakas   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Asian Mythology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

...Āraṇyakas are Vedic texts ( see Vedas ) in India meant to comment on the earlier Brāhmanas ( see Brāhmaṇas...

Mantra

Mantra   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Asian Mythology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

...A mantra is a sacred formulaic phrase, verse, or sound, used in religious rituals, especially in those of India...

Faruach

Faruach   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Celtic Mythology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

.... Prince of the fanciful kingdom of Innia, extrapolated from reports of India. His exotic magic allowed him to build an entire ship with three blows of his axe upon his...

Palnāḍu Epic

Palnāḍu Epic   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Asian Mythology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

...Epic This Telugu epic of southern India tells the histories of various heroes of Palnāḍu. Much of it involves a Mahābhārata ( see Mahābhārata )—like war between two related...

Ambrosia

Ambrosia   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to World Mythology

...Ambrosia was the food of the Greek gods. With their drink, nectar , it ensured immortality, much as soma did for the Vedic gods of India...

Shaivas

Shaivas   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to World Mythology

...Shaivas are Shiva Bhakti people— particular devotees of the Hindu god Shiva as the supreme god. Shaivism has many sects and is found in all parts of India...

Trimurti

Trimurti   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to World Mythology

...In India the trimurti is that of Brahma the creator , Vishnu the preserver, and Shiva the destroyer. Devi (the Goddess ), sometimes is a de facto substitute for the less important...

Śaivism

Śaivism   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Asian Mythology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

...The aspect of Hinduism ( See Hinduism entries) that is based on the worship of the god Śiva ( See Śiva , Śaiva ). Savism contains many sects and is found in all parts of India...

Sanyāsamma Katha

Sanyāsamma Katha   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Asian Mythology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

...Katha This epic story of southern India is one of many narratives culminating in the satī ( see Satī ) or ritual selfimmolation of a wronged virgin-widow who then is deified. The heroine of this story is the saintly...

Prakriti

Prakriti   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to World Mythology

...In India , the Vedic Prakriti (“Nature”) is the active female element with which the primal male or Purusha must unite in order to become realized as the universe. As such, Prakriti is the forerunner of the later Shakti...

Sugriva

Sugriva   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to World Mythology

...Sugriva was a monkey king in India whose brother Valin usurped his throne. With the help of Rama , and the king's minister, the monkey god Hanuman , Valin was killed and Sugriva restored to his...

yoni

yoni   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to World Mythology

... organ of the god, particularly Shiva . Small models of the joined linga and yoni are found in all parts of India. It is thought that yoni worship stretches back to the pre- Vedic , Indus Valley period in India, the period from about 4000 to 1000 b.c.e. Archeological evidence in the south of India suggests a myth in which Shiva takes the form of a buffalo and is sacrificed to the Goddess and reborn from her yoni . In southern India there are numerous places where stones with cleavages are worshipped as the Goddess yoni . A popular symbol of the...

Ālhā Epic

Ālhā Epic   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Asian Mythology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

...Epic A popular epic cycle sung among the Hindi-speaking peoples of Northern India, the Ālhā epic tells of twelfth century wars in and around the city of Mahoba. Ālhā is the sole surviving warrior of...

Mahāvīra

Mahāvīra   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Asian Mythology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

...Vardhamāna Mahāvīra, sometimes called the Jina (“Victor”), was born in Bihar, India in the sixth century bce . He was a contemporary of the Buddha ( see Gautama Buddha ) and was the founder or prophet of Jainism ( see Jainism...

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