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India

Subject: History

The world's largest democracy has a rich and diverse culture. Now, it is also achieving more rapid economic growth India's vast territory can be divided into three main regions ...

India

India   Reference library

The Continuum Companion to Twentieth Century Theatre

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
3,518 words

... Geographically termed a subcontinent, India's area is one-third of Europe's but their populations are roughly equal. India's culture lives up to the implications of such comparisons, for four major religions (Hinduism, Sikhism, Buddhism and Jainism) originated and exist within its territorial limits, while sizeable communities of three other religions (Islam, Christianity and Zoroastrianism) have made India their home. Eighteen constitutionally recognized languages are spoken, all with fully developed literatures, many of which date back to the twelfth...

India

India   Reference library

Betty True Jones

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
14,430 words

...Music and Dance . Delhi, 1990. Basham, A. L. The Wonder That Was India . New ed. New York, 1963. Brown, W. Norman , ed. India, Pakistan, Ceylon . Ithaca, N. Y., 1951. Coorlawala, Uttara Asha . Ruth St. Denis and India's Dance Renaissance . Dance Chronicle 15.2 (1992): 123–152. Dimock, Edward C. The Place of the Hidden Moon: Erotic Mysticism in the Vaiṣṇavasahajiyā Cult of Bengal . Chicago, 1966. Gargi, Balwant . Theatre in India . New York, 1962. Gargi, Balwant . Folk Theater of India . Seattle, 1966. Gaston, Anne-Marie . Śiva in Dance, Myth, and...

India

India   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
3,703 words

... Any attempt to encapsulate the prodigious diversities of the Indian subcontinent has to take into account its multilingualism, consisting of eighteen constitutionally recognized languages from at least four families of languages—Indo-European, Dravidian, Tibeto-Burman, Austro-Asiatic—and eight scripts. India also has numerous religions, including Buddhism, Hinduism, Jainism, and Sikhism, that originated in India, along with religions from outside the country like Christianity, Islam, and Zoroastrianism, which have been indigenized over centuries. Above all,...

India

India   Reference library

Ania Loomba

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... . Shakespeare’s plays, on the stage as well as in the classroom, were to become a central feature of the English presence and its legacy in India. As the privileged core of colonial English education, they were used to bolster ideas of English superiority over the culture and literature of the ‘natives’. On the stage, Shakespeare was staple fare for amateur theatricals of the English resident in India as well as for Indian students of European-style colleges all over the country. Western-style public theatres were established in Calcutta, Bombay, and...

puppetry in India

puppetry in India   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
937 words

...in India Allegedly the birthplace of puppet theatre , India has many diverse traditions and numerous regional variations. The earliest references to puppets are found in the works of the ancient Sanskrit grammarians Panini and Patanjali, as well as in the Hindu epic of the Mahabharata where the puppet Chitrangada is specifically named. The word sutradhara (the ‘holder of strings’), the narrator or director of Sanskrit drama, is closely associated with puppetry. Broadly, we can divide puppetry styles in India into four categories: string (...

street theatre in India

street theatre in India   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
410 words

...area. Calcutta saw hundreds of street performances by radical groups. After giving up mainstream theatre, Badal Sircar experimented with open-air theatre and foregrounded the discontent of the rootless urban middle class. In north India , street theatre was pioneered by Jana Natya Manch (Janam, formed 1973 ) and in south India by Samudaya (formed 1975 , with many units all over Karnataka). Janam's first street play Machine ( 1978 ) is a classic of the genre . Janam logged about 6,500 performances of 55 street plays by June 2000 , and many of these have...

Urdu theatre in India

Urdu theatre in India   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
482 words

...theatre in India Urdu is the sister language to Hindi , possessing the same grammar and syntax with elevated diction borrowed from Arabic and Persian instead of Sanskrit. Urdu emerged as a language of the stage in the nineteenth century, when it was sometimes termed Hindustani, helping to spread popular musical theatre throughout South and South-East Asia. In the twentieth century, it became a vehicle of modern drama primarily among urban north Indian Muslims. Urdu continued in a larger capacity, however, as the medium of Bombay ( Mumbai ) film , radio ...

India

India n   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Original Shakespearean Pronunciation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016

...India n m =, 'ɪndɪˌa sp India 7 ...

Urdu theatre in India

Urdu theatre in India  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Urdu is the sister language to Hindi, possessing the same grammar and syntax with elevated diction borrowed from Arabic and Persian instead of Sanskrit. Urdu emerged as a language of ...
Keeling, William

Keeling, William   Quick reference

An A-Z Guide to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...William Ostensibly Captain of the Dragon , an East India Company ship which in 1607 , along with Hector and Consent , journeyed to the East Indies. His journal tells of performances of Shakespeare's plays on the High Seas, off Sierra Leone: 5 September : ‘I sent the interpreter, according to his desire, aboard the Hector where he broke fast, and after came aboard me, where we gave the tragedy of Hamlet ’ 30 September : ‘ Captain Hawkins [of the Hector ] dined with me, where my companions acted King Richard the Second ’; 31 March 1608 :‘I...

Much Ado About Nothing

Much Ado About Nothing   Quick reference

An A-Z Guide to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

..., Douglas Seale , at Stratford-upon-Avon in 1958 , in costumes of about 1851 , Franco Zeffirelli , at the Old Vic in 1965 in a farcical version set in late nineteenth-century Sicily, John Barton at Stratford-upon-Avon in 1976 in a setting of nineteenth-century British India with Judi Dench an unusually serious, and wholly credible, Beatrice, and Terry Hands , also at Stratford-upon-Avon, in 1982 . Susan Fleetwood and Roger Allam played Beatrice and Benedick in Bill Alexander 's production (Stratford, 1990 ), and Kenneth Branagh directed a...

Devi, Ritha

Devi, Ritha (12 Jun. 1934)   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Dance (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
59 words

...Devi, Ritha ( b Baroda , 12 Jun. 1934 ; d Pune, India , 12 Sept. 2017 ) Indian dancer and teacher . She studied many forms of Indian dance including bharata natyam, kathakali, and odissi with some of India's most acclaimed gurus and from 1958 toured internationally as a solo dancer. She retired to teach Indian dance technique at New York...

Shankar, Uday

Shankar, Uday (8 Dec. 1900)   Reference library

The Continuum Companion to Twentieth Century Theatre

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
250 words

... Tandava Nrittya . His company performed 889 shows in seven years in 30 countries. Later dance-drama themes included the play of the gods, the freedom of India and the oppressions of industrialization. In India, in 1939 , he founded the Uday Shankar India Culture Centre at Almora, which became the inspiration for India's modern dancers and theatrical presentations (including Discovery of India ) by his disciples in the 1940s, and dance-drama productions by his students and brother, renowned sitarist Pandit Ravi Shankar . His film, Kalpana ...

Gopal, Ram

Gopal, Ram (20 Nov. 1912)   Reference library

The Continuum Companion to Twentieth Century Theatre

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
209 words

...Ram (b. Bangalore, India , 20 Nov. 1912 ) Dancer and choreographer . Trained in bharatanatyam dance by a traditional guru, Meenakshisundaram Pillai of Pandanallur village, and in kathakali dance-drama by guru Kunju Kurup at the Kerala Kalamandalam, he imbibed the classical movements and the dramatic narratives of India's performance repertoires. He was discovered by American ethnic dancer La Meri , whom he joined in a 1936 tour in India and east Asia, where they presented classical and creative dance-dramas with Indian themes in Burma,...

Ragini Devi

Ragini Devi (18 August 1897)   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
507 words

...Indian Dance Theatre in New York, where she presented her own repertory and provided a showcase for many ethnic artists. A Rockefeller Foundation grant enabled her to return to India in 1949 to pursue research for her second book, Dance Dialects of India , which was finally published there in 1971 ; her family released a revised edition in 1990 . She also gave solo concerts in India until her return to the United States in 1978 . During her retirement at the Actor's Fund Home in New Jersey, Ragini Devi worked on a book devoted to Indian music. This work,...

Martial Arts

Martial Arts   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
51 words

...Arts . For discussion of martial arts in Asia, see Asian Martial Arts . See also China , overview article; Chhau ; India , article on History of Indian Dance ; Kathakaḷi ; and for parallel traditions in Thailand , see Khōn . For stylized self-defense as dance in Indonesia, see Indonesia , article on Javanese Dance Traditions and Pencak...

Anglo-Polish Ballet

Anglo-Polish Ballet   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Dance (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
60 words

...company formed in London in 1940 by two dancers, Czeslow Konarski and Alicja Halama . In 1941 Jan Cobel became director and it gave a very successful tour of England, performing subsequent seasons in London until 1947 . It also performed for the troops in Italy and India during the war. Gilmour , Kersley , and Rassine were among its...

manipuri

manipuri   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Dance (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
47 words

...manipuri A style of dance originating from the valley of Manipur in NE India. Folkloric and religious in origin, it is simple to perform and often involves the entire community. Its dramas are accompanied by dialogue and song, while its style is marked by softness and...

Rao, Shanta

Rao, Shanta (1930)   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Dance (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
50 words

...b Mangalore , 1930 ) Indian dancer . She studied kathakali with Ravunni Menon , mohini attam with Shri Pannikar , and dasi attam with Minakshisundaram Pillai . Her stylistic range and controversial dance personality helped revive interest in classical dance in her native India while her world-wide tours attracted international...

Roerich, Nicholas

Roerich, Nicholas (27 Sept. 1874)   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Dance (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
62 words

...Roerich, Nicholas ( b St Petersburg , 27 Sept. 1874 ; d Kulu, India , 13 Sept. 1947 ) Russian scholar , mystic , painter , and designer . He studied prehistoric culture around the world and his main association with ballet was his designs for Fokine's Polovtsian Dances from Prince Igor ( 1909 ) and Nijinsky 's Rite of Spring ( 1913 ), both for Diaghilev's Ballets...

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